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RR5109-0045R Cахалинский осетр

Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Chondrostei
Ordo: Acipenseriformes

Familia: Acipenseridae
Subfamilia: Acipenserinae
Genus: Acipenser
Species: Acipenser mikadoi

Acipenser mikadoi Hilgendorf, 1892

IUCN: Acipenser mikadoi (Critically Endangered)

Vernacular names
čeština: Jeseter severní
Deutsch: Sachalin-Stör
English: Sakhalin sturgeon
suomi: Mikadosampi
italiano: Storione di Sakhalin
русский: Сахалинский осётр
Türkçe: Sakhalin mersin baligi

The Sakhalin sturgeon (Acipenser mikadoi) is a species of fish in the family Acipenseridae. It is found in Japan and Russia.


The Sakhalin sturgeon is known to be found in either a marine or freshwater environment within demersal depth range. This species is found in brackish waters. They are also native to a tropical climate.[2]

The Sakhalin sturgeon has reached the maximum recorded length of about 150 centimeters or about 59 inches as an unsexed male.[2]

The Sakhalin sturgeon is considered to be a species that migrates up the river from the sea in order to spawn. During the months of April to May, the Sakhalin sturgeon feeds in the freshwater and then returns to the ocean during the summer.[2][3]

The Sakhalin sturgeon is recorded to be the colors of olive-green and dark green. Its sides have a yellowish white color and it includes an olive green stripe. The bottom lip of this species is split into two.[4]

The Sakhalin sturgeon is commonly found in the areas of Northwest Pacific, Bering Sea, Tumnin or Datta river, northern Japan, and Korea.[2] This species currently spawns persistently in the Tumnin River.[1]

The threats that are affecting the population of the Sakhalin sturgeon include illegal poaching, trawling, accidental bycatch, pollution, and construction of dams.[5]

Currently, the species' population is significantly decreasing and is on the brink of extinction.[6]
Common names

The common names of the Sakhalin sturgeon in various languages include the following:

Acipenser mikadoi : Italian (Italiano)
Chôzame : Japanese (日本語)
Jeseter severní : Czech (česky)
Mikadosampi : Finnish (suomen kieli)
Sakhalin sturgeon : English
сахалинский осетр : Russian (русский язык)
米氏鱘 : Mandarin Chinese
米氏鲟 : Mandarin Chinese[7]


According to recent genetic data,[8] the differences between the mitogenomes of the Sakhalin sturgeon (Acipenser mikadoi) and the Green sturgeon (Acipenser medirostris) to correspond to the variability at the intraspecific level. The time since the divergence of the Sakhalin sturgeon and the Green sturgeon may be approximately 160,000 years.

Mugue, N. (2010). "Acipenser mikadoi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T241A13045375. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T241A13045375.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"Acipenser mikadoi Hilgendorf, 1892 Sakhalin sturgeon". Fish Base. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
"Acipenser mikadoi – Overview Sakhalin Sturgeon". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
"Sakhalin Sturgeon". Pond Life. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
Mugue, N. (2010). "Acipenser mikadoi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T241A13045375. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T241A13045375.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
Turanov, Sergei (2021). "Development of a set of oligonucleotides for the identification of the Sakhalin sturgeon Acipenser mikadoi Hilgendorf, 1892 by PCR". ARPHA Conference Abstracts. 4. doi:10.3897/aca.4.e65013. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
"Sakhalin sturgeon". The Website of Everything. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
Shedko, Sergei (4 May 2017). "The Low Level of Differences between Mitogenomes of the Sakhalin Sturgeon Acipenser mikadoi Hilgendorf, 1892 and the Green Sturgeon A. medirostris Ayeres, 1854 (Acipenseridae) Indicates their Recent Divergence". Russian Journal of Marine Biology. 43 (2): 176–179. doi:10.1134/S1063074017020080.

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