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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Pempheriformes

Familia: Acropomatidae
Genera (11): AcropomaApogonopsCaraibopsDoederleiniaKaperangusMalakichthysNeoscombrops – Parascombrops – SynagropsVerilus – †Acropomatidarum


Acropomatidae Gill, 1896


Gill, T., 1896: Notes on Orectolobus or Crossorhinus, a genus of sharks. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 18 (1057): 211–212. Reference page.
Schwarzhans, W. & Prokofiev, A.W. 2017. Reappraisal of Synagrops Günther, 1887 with rehabilitation and revision of Parascombrops Alcock, 1889 including description of seven new species and two new genera (Perciformes: Acropomatidae). Zootaxa 4260(1): 1–74. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4260.1.1. Reference page.


Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names
čeština: Kanicovkovití
日本語: ホタルジャコ科

Acropomatidae is a family of fish in the order Perciformes, commonly known as lanternbellies. Acropoma species are notable for having light-emitting organs along their undersides. They are found in all temperate and tropical oceans, usually at depths of several hundred meters.[3] There are about 32 species in as many as 9 genera, although some authorities recognise fewer genera than Fishbase does.

Members of the family are generally small, with some ranging up to 40 cm, but most no more than 15 cm. They have two dorsal fins, the first with seven to 10 spines and the second with possibly a spine in addition to eight to 10 soft rays. The anal fin has two or three spines, and the pelvic fins one spine and five soft rays.


The following nine genera are currently placed within the family Acropomatidae:[3][4]

Acropoma Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
Apogonops Ogilby, 1896
Caraibops Schwarzhans & Prokofiev, 2017
Doederleinia Steindachner, 1883
Kaperangus Schwarzhans & Prokofiev, 2017
Malakichthys Döderlein, 1883
Neoscombrops Gilchrist, 1922
Parascombrops Alcock, 1889
Synagrops Günther, 1887
Verilus Poey, 1860

The 5th edition of Fishes of the World lists seven valid genera[5] while the Catalog of Fishes only recognises five.[6]

The Acriopomatidae is placed in the order Perciformes, the suborder Percoidei and the superfamily Percoidea in the 5th edition of Fishes of the World.[5] However, during the 21st Century molecular studies have indicated that avariety of mainly deep-sea fishes which were traditionally placed in the Perciformes, including the Acropomatidae, and in the Trachiniformes in fact from a newly recognised clade which has been named either the Acropomatiformes or Pempheriformes.[7] Within the Acropomatidae phylogenetic work has suggested that the genera Acropoma and Doederleinia are separate from the other genera in the traditional arrangement of the family with two other recognised lineages being placed in the separate families Malakichthyidae and Synagropidae.[8]

This classification would be as follows:[9][10][11]



Sepkoski, J.J.Jr (2002): A Compendium of Fossil Marine Animal Genera. Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine Bulletins of American Paleontology, 363: 1-560.
Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Acropomatidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
Yamanoue, Y. (2016): Revision of the genus Verilus (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) with a description of a new species. Journal of Fish Biology, 89 (5): 2375–2398.
J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. p. 434. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Acropomatidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
Leo Smith; Matthew Davis & Michael Ghedotti (2018). "Phylogeny of Enigmatic Acropomatiform Fishes with a Preliminary Assessment of Morphological Support" (PDF). Kansas State University.
Ghedotti MJ; Gruber JN; Barton RW; Davis MP; Smith WL (2018). "Morphology and evolution of bioluminescent organs in the glowbellies (Percomorpha: Acropomatidae) with comments on the taxonomy and phylogeny of Acropomatiformes". Journal of Morphology. 279 (11): 1640–1653. doi:10.1002/jmor.20894. Abstract
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Acropmatidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Malakichthyidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Synagropidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 29 February 2020.

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