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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Eupercaria
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Percoidei
Superfamilia: Percoidea

Familia: Serranidae
Subfamilia: Epinephelinae
Genus: Alphestes
Species: A. afer – A. immaculatus – A. multiguttatus

Alphestes Bloch and Schneider, 1801

Alphestes – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Alphestes species list in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 08/2021.

Vernacular names

Alphestes is a genus of marine ray-finned fish, groupers from the subfamily Epinephelinae in the family Serranidae, which also includes the anthias and the sea basses.[2] Alphestes species are found in the western Atlantic Ocean and the eastern Pacific Ocean.[3]

There are three species in the genus:[4]

Alphestes afer Mutton hamlet (Bloch, 1793)
Alphestes immaculatus Pacific mutton hamlet Breder, 1936
Alphestes multiguttatus Rivulated mutton hamlet (Günther, 1867)


Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Alphestes". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
"WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Alphestes". 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
"Alphestes immaculatus". Retrieved 21 November 2016.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Alphestes in FishBase. December 2019 version.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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