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Gonorynchus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Ostariophysi
Ordo: Gonorynchiformes
Familia: Gonorynchidae
Genus: Gonorynchus
Species: G. abbreviatus - G. forsteri - G. gonorynchus - G. greyi - G. moseleyi

Name

Gonorynchus Scopoli, 1777

The beaked salmon (also beaked sandfish) are a type of long thin gonorynchiform ray-finned fish that live on sandy bottoms near shorelines. The approximately five known species are all in the single genus Gonorynchus (sometimes spelled Gonorhynchus) of the family Gonorynchidae (sometimes spelled Gonorhynchidae). All have a distinctive angular snout (hence the name) that the fish use to dig themselves into the sand.

The most widespread species is Gonorynchus gonorynchus, found in scattered locations worldwide. It can reach up to 60 cm (24 in) in length. It is a nocturnal fish, feeding on invertebrates at night and burrowing into sand or mud during the day.[1]

Beaked salmons are fished commercially in some areas. The flesh of Gonorynchus greyi, found around Australia and New Zealand, is reported to be "firm and of good flavour".[2]


Species

* Gonorynchus abbreviatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
* Gonorynchus forsteri Ogilby, 1911
* Gonorynchus gonorynchus (Linnaeus, 1766)
* Gonorynchus greyi (Richardson, 1845)
* Gonorynchus moseleyi Jordan & Snyder, 1923


References

Notes

1. ^ a b Banister, Keith F. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
2. ^ Fishbase


Sources

* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Gonorynchidae" in FishBase. March 2006 version.
* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). Species of Gonorynchus in FishBase. March 2006 version.

Biology Encyclopedia

Fish Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License