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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Anabantaria
Ordo: Anabantiformes
Subordo: Anabantoidei

Familia: Anabantidae
Genus: Sandelia
Species: S. bainsii – S. capensis

Sandelia Castelnau, 1861

Type species: Sandelia bainsii Castelnau, 1861; by monotypy


Spirobranchus Cuvier, 1829. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Spirobranchus Owen, 1818 in Vermes.
Diacopoma Smith, 1832. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority according to ICZN Art. 23.9 in favor of Sandelia Castelnau, 1861.

Primary references

Castelnau, F.L., 1861. Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe. Paris. i-vii + 1-78. BHL

Additional references

Cuvier, G.L. 1829. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. Avec figures dessinées d'après nature. Nouvelle édition, revue et augmentée. Tome II. Déterville: Paris. i–xv + 406 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.49223 BHL Reference page. p. 229: Spirobranchus
Cuvier, G. & Valenciennes, A. 1831. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome septième. Livre septième. Des Squamipennes. Livre huitième. Des poissons à pharyngiens labyrinthiformes. F. G. Levrault, Paris. 7: i–xxix + 1–531, Pls. 170–208. BHL Reference page. p. 392: Spirobranchus
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Malapteruridae (pp. 102-104), Mochokidae (pp. 105-152), Anabantidae (pp. 402-414). In: Daget, J., J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds), 1986. Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa. CLOFFA. ISNB Bruxelles, MRAC Tervuren, ORSTOM Paris. v. 2: i-xiv + 1-520. PDF


Sandelia species list in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2024. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 10/2023.
Sandelia and its species (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2024. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.
Sandelia – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Sandelia – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Sandelia in the World Register of Marine Species

Vernacular names
lietuvių: Sandelijos

Sandelia is a genus of climbing gouramies native to freshwater habitats in South Africa.

There are currently two recognized species in this genus:[2]

Sandelia bainsii Castelnau, 1861 (Rocky kurper)
Sandelia capensis (G. Cuvier, 1829) (Cape kurper)


Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Sandelia". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Sandelia in FishBase. December 2012 version.

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