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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Infraclassis: Euselachii
Division/Cohort: Neoselachii
Subdivision/Subcohort: Selachimorpha
Superordo: Galeomorphii
Ordo: Carcharhiniformes

Familia: Scyliorhinidae
Genus: Scyliorhinus
Species: S. besnardi – †S. biformis – S. boa – S. cabofriensis – S. canicula – S. capensis – S. cervigoni – †S. destombesi – S. garmani – S. hachijoensis – S. haeckelii – S. hesperius – †S. kannenbergi – S. meadi – †S. monsaugustus – †S. muelleri – S. retiferS. stellaris – †S. suelstorfensis – S. torazame – S. torrei – S. ugoi


Scyliorhinus Blainville, 1816

Type species: Squalus canicula Linnaeus, 1758

Etymology: skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark, probably from skyllo (= to tear or mangle); rhine (= rasp), an ancient name for sharks alluding to their rasp-like skin. (From The ETYFish project)

Catulus Valmont de Bomare, 1764
Catulus (subgenus of Scyllium) Smith (ex Willoughby), 1838
Scyllium (Catulus) Smith (ex Willoughby), 1838
Scyllium Cuvier, 1816


Blainville, H. de. 1816. Prodrome d'une nouvelle distribution systématique du règne animal. Bulletin des sciences, par la Société philomathique de Paris 8: 105–112 [sic for 113–120] +121–124. BHL Reference page.
Ito, N., Fujii, M., Nohara,K. & Tanaka, S. 2022. Scyliorhinus hachijoensis, a new species of catshark from the Izu Islands, Japan (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Zootaxa 5092(3): 331–349. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.5092.3.5 Reference page.
Soares, K.D.A., Gadig, O.B.F. & Gomes, U.L. 2015. Scyliorhinus ugoi, a new species of catshark from Brazil (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Zootaxa 3937(2): 347–361. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3937.2.6 Reference page.
Soares, K.D.A. & Carvalho, 2019. The catshark genus Scyliorhinus (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae): taxonomy, morphology and distribution. Zootaxa 4601(1): 1–147. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4601.1.1. ResearchGate Reference page.
Soares, K.D.A., Carvalho, 2020. Phylogenetic relationship of catshark species of the genus Scyliorhinus (Chondrichthyes, Carcharhiniformes, Scyliorhinidae) based on comparative morphology. Zoosystematics and Evolution. 96(2): 345-395. DOI: 10.3897/zse.96.52420 Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Gefleckte Katzenhaie
English: Spotted cat sharks
日本語: トラザメ属
தமிழ்: புள்ளி பூனைச் சுறா

Scyliorhinus is a genus of catsharks in the family Scyliorhinidae. This genus is known in the fossil records from the Cretaceous period, late Albian age to the Pliocene epoch.[2][3]

There are currently 16 recognized species in this genus:

Scyliorhinus boa Goode & T. H. Bean, 1896 (boa catshark)
Scyliorhinus cabofriensis K. D. A. Soares, U. L. Gomes & M. R. de Carvalho, 2016[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758) (small-spotted catshark)
Scyliorhinus capensis (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1838) (yellowspotted catshark)
Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & M. Bonnet, 1970 (West African catshark)
Scyliorhinus comoroensis L. J. V. Compagno, 1988 (Comoro catshark)
Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler, 1934) (brownspotted catshark)
Scyliorhinus hachijoensis (Ito, Fujii, Nohara & Tanaka, 2022) (cinder cloudy catshark)
Scyliorhinus haeckelii (A. Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907) (freckled catshark) [4]
Scyliorhinus hesperius S. Springer, 1966 (whitesaddled catshark)
Scyliorhinus meadi S. Springer, 1966 (blotched catshark)
Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman, 1881) (chain catshark)
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (nursehound)
Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, S. Hagiwara & Nakaya, 1992 (Izu catshark)
Scyliorhinus torazame (S. Tanaka (I), 1908) (cloudy catshark)
Scyliorhinus torrei Howell-Rivero, 1936 (dwarf catshark)
Scyliorhinus ugoi K. D. A. Soares, Gadig & U. L. Gomes, 2015 (dark freckled catshark) [5]

Extinct species
Fossil of Scyliorhinus elongatus from the Cretaceous of Lebanon

†Scyliorhinus ambliatlanticus Lautiro Mora, 1999
†Scyliorhinus angustus (Münster, 1843)
†Scyliorhinus antiquus (Agassiz, 1843)
†Scyliorhinus arambourgi Cappetta, 1980
†Scyliorhinus arlingtonensis Cappetta & Case, 1999
†Scyliorhinus biddlei Halter, 1995
†Scyliorhinus biformis Reinecke, 2014
†Scyliorhinus bloti Cappetta, 1980
†Scyliorhinus brumarivulensis Underwood & Ward, 2008
†Scyliorhinus cepaeformis Halter, 1990
†Scyliorhinus coupatezi Herman, 1974
†Scyliorhinus dubius (Woodward, 1889)
†Scyliorhinus elongatus (Davis, 1887)
†Scyliorhinus entomodon Noubhani & Cappetta, 1997
†Scyliorhinus fossilis (Leriche, 1927)
†Scyliorhinus ivagrantae Case & Cappetta, 1997
†Scyliorhinus joleaudi Cappetta, 1970
†Scyliorhinus kannenbergi Leder, 2015
†Scyliorhinus kasenoi Karasawa, 1989
†Scyliorhinus luypaertsi Halter, 1995
†Scyliorhinus malembeensis Dartevelle & Casier, 1959
†Scyliorhinus monsaugustus Guinot, Underwood, Cappetta & Ward, 2013
†Scyliorhinus moosi Herman, 1975
†Scyliorhinus muelleri Guinot, Underwood, Cappetta & Ward, 2013
†Scyliorhinus musteliformis Herman, 1977
†Scyliorhinus ptychtus Noubhani & Cappetta, 1997
†Scyliorhinus reyndersi Halter, 1995
†Scyliorhinus suelstorfensis Reinecke, 2014
†Scyliorhinus sulcidens Noubhani & Cappetta, 1997
†Scyliorhinus taylorensis Cappetta & Case, 1999
†Scyliorhinus tensleepensis Case, 1987
†Scyliorhinus trifolius Adnet, 2006
†Scyliorhinus wardi Halter, 1990
†Scyliorhinus weemsi, 2022
†Scyliorhinus woodwardi Cappetta, 1976

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scyliorhinus.

Sepkoski, J. (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 363: 1–560. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10.
Fossilworks: Scyliorhinus at Paleobiology Database.
Carrier, J. C.; Musick, J. A. & Heithaus, M. R. (2004). Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives.
Soares, K.D.A., Gomes, U.L. & De Carvalho, M.R. (2016): Taxonomic review of catsharks of the Scyliorhinus haeckelii group, with the description of a new species (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Zootaxa, 4066 (5): 501-534.
Soares, K. D. A.; Gadig, O. B. F.; Gomes, U. L. (2015). "Scyliorhinus ugoi, a new species of catshark from Brazil (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae)". Zootaxa. 3937 (2): 347–361. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3937.2.6. PMID 25947474.

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