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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Superordo: Rajomorphii
Ordo: Rajiformes

Familia: Urotrygonidae
Genus: Urobatis
Species: U. concentricus - U. halleri - U. jamaicensis - U. maculatus - U. marmoratus - U. pardalis – U. tumbesensis

Urobatis Garman, 1913

Type species: Raia (Leiobatus) sloani Blainville, 1816

Etymology: From oura (= tail), possibly referring to blunt tail, “about as long as the body”, and batis (= Greek for a flat fish, usually applied to a skate or ray) (From The ETYFish Project).
Vernacular names

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia (sharks, skates, and rays). Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 36: i–xiii + 1–515 BHL + 77 pls. BHL Reference page.


Urobatis and its species (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2021. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.
Urobatis species list in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2021. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication,, version 02/2021.

Urobatis is a genus of the family Urotrygonidae. These rays live in Costa Rica, Mexico, the Bahamas, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Virgin Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Chile, Peru, Ecuador and the United States.


There are currently seven recognized species in this genus:

Urobatis concentricus R. C. Osburn & J. T. Nichols, 1916 (Bullseye round stingray)
Urobatis halleri J. G. Cooper, 1863 (Round stingray) [1]
Urobatis jamaicensis G. Cuvier, 1816 (Yellow stingray)
Urobatis maculatus Garman, 1913 (Spotted round ray) [1]
Urobatis marmoratus Philippi {Krumweide}, 1893 (Chilean round stingray)
†Urobatis molleni Hovestadt & Hovestadt-Euler, 2010
Urobatis pardalis Del-Moral-Flores, Angulo, M. I. Bussing & W. A. Bussing, 2015 (Leopard round stingray) [1][2]
†Urobatis sloani Blainville, 1816
Urobatis tumbesensis Chirichigno F. & McEachran, 1979 (Tumbes round stingray)


Moral-Flores, L.F.D., Angulo, A., López, M.I. & Bussing, W.A. (2015). "A new species of Urobatis (Myliobatiformes: Urotrygonidae) from the tropical Eastern Pacific". Revista de Biología Tropical. 63 (2): 501–514. doi:10.15517/rbt.v63i2.15746.
"Leopard Round Stingray ~ Urobatis pardalis".

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