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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Classis: Anthozoa
Subclassis: Hexacorallia
Ordo: Scleractinia
Subordo: Fungiina

Familia: Agariciidae
Genera: AgariciaCoeloserisGardineroserisHelioserisLeptoserisPachyserisPavona – Undaria


Agariciidae Gray, 1842


Alexander M. Kerr 2007: Molecular and morphological supertree of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) using matrix representation parsimony. Biological Reviews, 80(4): 543–558.
P.W. Glynn, S.B. Colley, N.J. Gassman, K. Black, J. Cortés and J. L. Maté 1995: Reef coral reproduction in the eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panamá, and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). III. Agariciidae (Pavona gigantea and Gardineroseris planulata). Marine Biology, 125(3): 579–601.

The Agariciidae are a family of reef-building stony corals. This family includes cactus corals, plate corals, and lettuce corals. Members of the family include symbiotic algae called zooxanthellae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements.[2]

Members of this family are colonial, hermatypic (reef-building) corals. The corals form massive structures, often of a laminar or foliate form. The corallites are linked by the closely packed septa which have smooth or finely toothed margins and do not fuse together. The corallites do not stand out from the surface of the coral and have ill-defined walls formed by a thickening of the septa.


The World Register of Marine Species includes these genera in the family:[1][2]

Agaricia Lamarck, 1801 - most species form thin vertical plates, but in some, the plates are horizontal.
Coeloseris Vaughan, 1918 - monotypic, the single species is Coeloseris mayeri, the tombstone coral.
Dactylotrochus Wells, 1954 - monotypic, the single species is Dactylotrochus cervicornis
Gardineroseris Scheer & Pillai, 1974 - monotypic, the single species is Gardineroseris planulata, Gardiner's coral.
Helioseris - monotypic, the single species is Helioseris cucullata, the sunray lettuce coral.
Leptoseris Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1849 - species are either crustose or laminar in form. They frequently have striations.
Pavona Lamarck, 1801 - displays various forms, some being massive and others frond-like.


WoRMS (2010). "Agariciidae; Gray, 1847". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
Cactus, Elephant Skin, Plate, Lettuce Corals of the Family Agariciidae Retrieved 2011-12-18.

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