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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Classis: Anthozoa
Subclassis: Hexacorallia
Ordo: Actiniaria
Subordo: Enthemonae
Superfamilia: Actinioidea

Familia: Thalassianthidae
Genera: Actineria - Cryptodendrum - Heterodactyla - Thalassianthus


Thalassianthidae Milne-Edwards, 1857
Additional references

Verrill, A.E. 1869. Notes on Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species. No. 6. Review of the Corals and Polyps of the west coast of America. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. 1(2): 423–502, pls. 4–10. BHL Reference page.

[see page 461]

Thalassianthidae is a family of sea anemones that contains the genera Actineria, Cryptodendrum, Heterodactyla, and Thalassianthus.[1] These sea anemones do not host any varieties of clownfishes, but have been associated with some species of commensal anemone shrimp.[2]

Research has shown that three species of sea anemones belonging to the family Thalassianthidae - (Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Heterodactyla hemprichii and Thalassianthus aster) - contain type 2 sodium channel peptide toxins capable of causing lethality to freshwater crabs.[3] In addition, high molecular weight toxins appear to be a new type of toxin in the Thalassianthidae family of sea anemones.[3] This information has not been found on any other scientific paper up to this point in time. Heterodactyla hemprichii is a species of sea anemone in the family Thalassianthidae This sea anemone does not host any varieties of clownfish.

World Register of Marine Species. (2016). Thalassianthidae Milne Edwards, 1857.
Tree of Life. (2000). Thalassianthidae.
Maeda, Mikiko; Honma, Tomohiro; Shiomi, Kazuo (December 2010). "Isolation and cDNA cloning of type 2 sodium channel peptide toxins from three species of sea anemones (Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Heterodactyla hemprichii and Thalassianthus aster) belonging to the family Thalassianthidae". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 157 (4): 389–393. doi:10.1016/j.cbpb.2010.08.008. ISSN 1096-4959. PMID 20817118.

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