Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia rubida

Acacia rubida A.Cunn.

Acacia amoena Sieber ex Walp.
Acacia compressa Schult. ex Colla
Acacia visneoides Colla
Racosperma rubidum (A.Cunn.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia rubida

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Cunningham, A. in B. Field, 1825. Geographical Memoirs on New South Wales 344.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia rubida in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia rubida. Published online. Accessed: Aug 13 2019. 2019. Acacia rubida. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 13 Aug 2019.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia rubida – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia rubida in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Red Stem Wattle, Red-leaf Wattle, Red-leaved Wattle, Red-stem Wattle

Acacia rubida, commonly known as red stem wattle, red stemmed wattle or red leaved wattle,[1] is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae that is native to parts of eastern Australia.


The shrub or tree has an erect to bushy habit and typically grows to a height of 2 to 10 m (6 ft 7 in to 32 ft 10 in) and has lightly fissured brown bark. It has narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate shaped reddish to grey-green leathery phyllodes that have a length of 5 to 20 cm (2.0 to 7.9 in) and a width of 8 to 25 mm (0.31 to 0.98 in). The juvenile foliage is pinnate and can persist on older plants. It blooms between July and November producing inflorescences with pale to bright yellow flowers.[2] The simple inflorescences are found in groups of 5 to 29 in an axillary racemes with an axis that is 1 to 10 cm (0.39 to 3.94 in) in length. The spherical flower-heads have a diameter of 5 to 7 mm (0.20 to 0.28 in) and contain 9 to 15 pale to bright yellow coloured flowers. Following flowering firmly papery to thin leathery, glabrous seed pods form that are straight and flat with a length of 4 to 12 cm (1.6 to 4.7 in) and are 6 to 9 mm (0.24 to 0.35 in) wide and are often covered in a powdery white coating.[2]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Allan Cunningham in 1825 in the work On the Botany of the Blue Mountains. Geographical Memoirs on New South Wales. The only synonym is Racosperma rubidum. It is also often confused with Acacia amoena[3]

It is found in southwestern parts of Queensland, western New South Wales and Victoria on the tablelands of the Great Dividing Range. It is often a part of open woodland or dry sclerophyll forest communities and grows on rocky hilltops and slopes in rocky soils[2] and in alluvial soils along rivers and creeks. The bulk of the population is found between the Black Range in northeast Victoria in the south up to near Stanthorpe in south-eastern Queensland.[4]

The shrub is sold commercially in tubestock or in seed form. It is noted as a good pioneer species[1] being fast-growing, hardy, cold tolerant and beneficial as a nitrogen fixing plant. It can grow nutrient-poor, shallow, skeletal, high altitude soils and plays a valuable role in catchment protection within its native range.[4] It prefers a sunny position, requires little maintenance, is drought tolerant and can tolerate temporary inundations.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia rubida red stemmed wattle, red leaved wattle". Provicial Plants and Landscapes. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
"Acacia rubida A.Cunn". PlantNet. Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
"Acacia rubida A.Cunn. Red-Stem Wattle". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
"Acacia rubida". Florabank. Australian Government. Retrieved 2 March 2019.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World