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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familiae: Fabaceae - Polygalaceae - Quillajaceae - Surianaceae

Name

Fabales Bromhead, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 25: 126 (1838).

Type genus: Faba Mill., nom. illeg. ≡ Vicia L.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Cassiales Link, Handbuch 2: 135. 1829.
Type genus: Cassia L.
Polygalales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl, Přir. Rostlin: 228. 1820.
Type genus: Polygala L.
Quillajales Doweld, Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xxxviii. 2001.
Type genus: Quillaja Molina
Surianales Doweld, Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xxxviii. 2001.
Type genus: Suriana L.

References
Primary references

Bromhead, E.F. 1838. Edinburgh New Philos. J. 25: 126.

Additional references

Bello, M.A. Rudall, P.J. & Hawkins, J.A. 2012. Combined phylogenetic analyses reveal interfamilial relationships and patterns of floral evolution in the eudicot order Fabales. Cladistics 28(4): 393-421. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00392.x Paywall ResearchGate Open access Reference page.

Links

Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: فوليات
azərbaycanca: Paxlaçiçəklilər
беларуская: Бабовакветныя
català: Fabal
Cebuano: Tanom nga sitaw
čeština: bobotvaré
dansk: Ærteblomst-ordenen
Deutsch: Schmetterlingsblütenartige
Esperanto: Fabaloj
eesti: Oalaadsed
فارسی: باقلاسانان
Nordfriisk: Flenerkbloosen
עברית: קטניתאים
hrvatski: Bobolike
magyar: Hüvelyesek
íslenska: Belgjurtabálkur
日本語: マメ目
한국어: 콩목
kurdî: Koma baqilan
lietuvių: Pupiečiai
latviešu: Pākšaugu rinda
македонски: Бобовидни
Nederlands: Vlinderbloemachtigen
polski: Bobowce
русский: Бобовоцветные
slovenčina: bôbotvaré
slovenščina: Stročnice
svenska: Ärtordningen
తెలుగు: ఫాబేలిస్
ไทย: อันดับถั่ว
українська: Бобоцвіті
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Đậu
中文: 豆目

The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system. In the APG II circumscription, this order includes the families Fabaceae or legumes (including the subfamilies Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae, and Faboideae), Quillajaceae, Polygalaceae or milkworts (including the families Diclidantheraceae, Moutabeaceae, and Xanthophyllaceae), and Surianaceae. Under the Cronquist system and some other plant classification systems, the order Fabales contains only the family Fabaceae. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Fabales were in the superorder Fabiflorae (also called Fabanae) with three families corresponding to the subfamilies of Fabaceae in APG II. The other families treated in the Fabales by the APG II classification were placed in separate orders by Cronquist, the Polygalaceae within its own order, the Polygalales, and the Quillajaceae and Surianaceae within the Rosales.

The Fabaceae, as the third-largest plant family in the world, contain most of the diversity of the Fabales, the other families making up a comparatively small portion of the order's diversity. Research in the order is largely focused on the Fabaceae, due in part to its great biological diversity, and to its importance as food plants. The Polygalaceae are fairly well researched among plant families, in part due to the large diversity of the genus Polygala, and other members of the family being food plants for various Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species.[3][4] While taxonomists using molecular phylogenetic techniques find strong support for the order, questions remain about the morphological relationships of the Quillajaceae and Surianaceae to the rest of the order, due in part to limited research on these families.[5]

Distribution

The Fabales are a cosmopolitan order of plants, except only the subfamily Papilionoideae (Faboideae) of the Fabaceae are well dispersed throughout the northern part of the North Temperate Zone.[6]
Phylogeny

The phylogeny of the Fabales is shown below.

Rosales (outgroup)

Fabales

Polygalaceae

Surianaceae


Quillajaceae

Fabaceae

References

Paleobiology Database
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Janz, N; S Nylin (1998). "Butterflies and plants: A phylogenetic study". Evolution. Society for the Study of Evolution. 52 (2): 486–502. doi:10.2307/2411084. JSTOR 2411084. PMID 28568350.
DeVries, PJ; AI Chacon (1992). "Toward a better understanding of host use and biodiversity in riodinid butterflies". Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. 31 (1–2): 103–126.
Morgan, DR; Soltis, DE; Robertson KR (July 1994). "Systematic and evolutionary implications of rbcL sequence variation in Rosaceae". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 81 (7): 890–903. doi:10.2307/2445770. JSTOR 2445770.
Stevens, PF (7 May 2006). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2006-11-20.

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