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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Surianaceae
Genera: CadelliaGuilfoyliaRecchiaStylobasiumSuriana

Surianaceae Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 360. (1834) nom. cons.

Type genus: Suriana L., Sp. Pl. 1: 284. (1753)


Arnott, G.A.W. 1834. Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis 1: 360.
Bello, M.A. Rudall, P.J. & Hawkins, J.A. 2012. Combined phylogenetic analyses reveal interfamilial relationships and patterns of floral evolution in the eudicot order Fabales. Cladistics 28(4): 393-421. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00392.x Paywall ResearchGate Open access Reference page.
Crayn, D.M., Fernando, E.S., Gadeck, P.A. & Quinn, C.J. 1995. A reassessment of the familial affinity of the Mexican genus Recchia Mocino & Sesse´ ex DC. Brittonia 47, 397–402. ResearchGate
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Surianaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec. 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Surianaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec. 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Surianaceae. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 16 2019.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Sun, M., Naeem, R., Su, J.X., Cao, Z.Y., Burleigh, J.G., Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E. & Chen, Z.D. 2016. Phylogeny of the Rosidae: A dense taxon sampling analysis. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54(4): 363–391. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12211 Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
русский: Суриановые
中文: 海人树科

The Surianaceae are a family of plants in the order Fabales with five genera and eight known species.[1] It has an unusual distribution: the genus Recchia is native to Mexico, and the sole member of Suriana, S. maritima, is a coastal plant with a pantropical distribution; and the remaining three genera are endemic to Australia.

They range in form from small shrubs to tall trees.

Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[2][3][4]

Polygalaceae (outgroup)








Image Genus Living Species
Recchia Moc. & Sessé ex DC.,1966
  • Recchia connaroides
  • Recchia mexicana
  • Recchia simplicifolia
Gamilaroi Nature Reserve Ooline.jpg Cadellia F.Muell., 1861
  • Cadellia pentastylis, ooline
Suriana maritima (Bay ceder).jpg Suriana L., 1753
  • Suriana maritima, bay cedar
Guilfoylia F.Muell., 1873
  • Guilfoylia monostylis
Stylobasium spathulatum flowers.jpg Stylobasium Desf. 1819
  • Stylobasium australe
  • Stylobasium spathulatum


Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Forest F, Chase MW, Persson C, Crane PR, Hawkins JA (2007). "The role of biotic and abiotic factors in evolution of ant dispersal in the milkwort family (Polygalaceae)". Evolution. 61 (7): 1675–1694. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00138.x. PMID 17598748.
Crayn DM, Fernando ES, Gadek PA, Quinn CJ (1995). "A reassessment of the familial affinity of the Mexican genus Recchia Moçiño & Sessé ex DC". Brittonia. 47 (4): 397–402. doi:10.2307/2807568. JSTOR 2807568.
Bello MA, Bruneau A, Forest F, Hawkins JA (2009). "Elusive relationships within order Fabales: Phylogenetic analyses using matK and rbcL sequence data". Syst Bot. 34 (1): 102–114. doi:10.1600/036364409787602348.

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