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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia translucens

Acacia translucens A.Cunn. ex Hook., 1837

Acacia translucens var. oblonga Benth.
Racosperma translucens (A.Cunn. ex Hook.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia translucens

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Cunningham, A., 1837. Icones Plantarum; or Figures, with Brief Descriptive Characters and Remarks of New or Rare Plants. London 2: t. 160.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia translucens in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia translucens. Published online. Accessed: Aug 16 2019. 2019. Acacia translucens. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 16 Aug 2019.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia translucens – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia translucens in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: poverty bush

Acacia translucens, commonly known as poverty bush,[1] is a shrub that is endemic to a large area of north western Australia.

1 Description
2 Taxonomy
3 Distribution
4 Cultivation
5 See also
6 References


Poverty bush is a low, spreading shrub with a flat top that grows to a height of 0.5 to 3 m (1 ft 8 in to 9 ft 10 in)[1] and a width of around 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) and that branches near ground level and has dark grey to black coloured bark that is quite smooth.[2] As with many arid shrubland Acacia species, it has phyllodes instead of leaves. The thinly leathery dull grey-green phyllodes have a narrowly elliptic to elliptic shape and are curved and slightly sigmoid with a length of 0.6 to 2 cm (0.24 to 0.79 in) in length and with a width of 4 to 9 mm (0.16 to 0.35 in) with three more or less visible main nerves.[2] It blooms between March and November.[1] Its flowers are yellow, and held in spherical clusters about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter. The seed pods are held erect above the foliage, instead of hanging down like most Acacias. The brittle, thinly woody, brown to black coloured seed pods that are formed after flowering have a narrowly oblanceolate to oblanceolate shape with a length of 2 to 5.5 cm (0.79 to 2.17 in) and a width of 4 to 10 mm (0.16 to 0.39 in) with oblique nerves. The brown seeds inside have an oblong shape with a length of 3 to 6 mm (0.12 to 0.24 in).[2]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Allan Cunninhgham in 1837 as a part of the William Jackson Hooker work Icones Plantarum. It was reclassified as Racosperma transluscens in 1987 by Leslie Pedley then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006.[3]

It is native to arid areas of spinifex plains in northern Australia. It is distributed throughout the inland Pilbara and Kimberley regions of Western Australia,[1] and east into the Victoria River region of the Northern Territory usually growing in shallow sandy soils of sandstone.[1] It is often situated in gully floors and on hillsides as a part of open Eucalyptus woodland communities.[2]

The plant is used in gardens and is a hardy grower in tropical regions and needs a sunny position and well-drained soil. The seeds need to be treated with boiling water or scarified for propagation.[4]
See also

List of Acacia species

Wikispecies has information related to Acacia translucens.

"Acacia translucens". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia translucens". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Acacia translucens A.Cunn. ex Hook". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 19 January 2021.

"Acacia translucens". Wattles - genus Acacia. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 19 January 2021.

A. A. Mitchell and D. G. Wilcox (1994). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia (Second and Enlarged ed.). Western Australia: Department of Agriculture. ISBN 978-1-875560-22-6..

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