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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia xanthina

Acacia xanthina Benth., 1842

Racosperma xanthinum (Benth.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia xanthina

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G., 1842. The London Journal of Botany. London 1:355.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia xanthina in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia xanthina. Published online. Accessed: Aug 18 2019. 2019. Acacia xanthina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 18 Aug 2019.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia xanthina – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia xanthina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: white stemmed wattle

Acacia xanthina, commonly known as white stemmed wattle, is a coastal shrub or small tree in the family Fabaceae that is endemic to Western Australia.


White stemmed wattle usually grows as a dense shrub between 2 to 4 m (6 ft 7 in to 13 ft 1 in) in height and is often much wider than it is tall. The trunks and branchlets are often coated with a white powdery substance.[1] Its branches are white or greenish-white, with many bends and twists. Like many other Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are bluish-green, from 6 to 11 cm (2.4 to 4.3 in) in length long, and 1 to 2 cm (0.39 to 0.79 in) wide. The flower heads are bright yellow and spherical, and occur in group of six to nine, but sometimes up to fifteen. It flowers in late winter and spring between August and October.[2]

Acacia xanthina was first collected in 1839 by James Drummond, and described by George Bentham in 1842. The specific name comes from the Greek xanthos, meaning yellow, and refers to the flowers.

It is native to an area on the west coast of Western Australia where it occurs on coastal limestone usually adjacent to sand dunes between Fremantle in the south and Shark Bay in the north.[2] It grows in sandy soils as a part of scrub, thicket, mallee or low forest communities.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species

Wikispecies has information related to Acacia xanthina.

"Acacia xanthina Benth". Wattle - Acacias of Australia. Department of the Environment and Energy. Retrieved 18 August 2019.

"Acacia xanthina". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.

"Acacia xanthina". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
Powell, Robert (1990). Leaf and Branch: Trees and Tall Shrubs of Perth. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. ISBN 978-0-7309-3916-0.

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