Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Dipsacales

Familia: Adoxaceae
Genera: Adoxa – Oreinotinus – Sambucus – SinadoxaTetradoxa - Viburnum


Adoxaceae E. Mey., Preuss. Pfl.-Gatt.: 198. 1839, nom. cons.

Type genus: Adoxa L. (1753)


Sambucaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 2: 322. 1797, nom. cons. prop.
Tinaceae Martynov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 635. 1820, nom. rej. prop.
Viburnaceae Raf. in Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 87. Oct-Dec 1820, nom. cons. prop.
Opulaceae Berchtold & Presl, Přir. Rostlin, 2(23*): 91, 92. 1825

Note: APGIV wishes to maintain this family over Viburnaceae in order to help maintain nomenclatural stability. However, see Govaerts et al. (2020) cf. Hassler (2020).
Primary references

Meyer, E.H.F. 1839. Preussens Pflanzengattungen 198.

Additional references

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12385 Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Adoxaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb. 14. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Adoxaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Adoxaceae. Published online. Accessed: July 14 2014.
Reveal J. 2008. Proposals to conserve the name Viburnaceae (Magnoliophyta), the name Adoxaceae against Viburnaceae, a “superconservation” proposal, and as an alternative, the name Sambucaceae. Taxon 57: 303.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Adoxaceae. .

Vernacular names
العربية: مسكية
asturianu: Adoxacees
azərbaycanca: Adokskimilər
беларуская: Адоксавыя
български: Мешковицови
català: Adoxàcies
čeština: Pižmovkovité
dansk: Desmerurt-familien
Deutsch: Moschuskrautgewächse
English: Moschatel Family
español: Adoxáceas
eesti: Muskuslillelised
euskara: Adoxazeo
فارسی: هفت‌کولان
suomi: Tesmayrttikasvit
Nordfriisk: Moschuskrüüsplaanten
français: Adoxacées
galego: Adoxáceas
hrvatski: Moškovičevke
hornjoserbsce: Pižmonkowe rostliny
magyar: Pézsmaboglárfélék
日本語: レンプクソウ科
ქართული: ადოქსასებრნი
қазақша: Байсаттар тұқымдасы
한국어: 연복초과
kurdî: Famîleya adoksasiyan
lietuvių: Ūksmininiai
македонски: Пиженца
Nederlands: Muskuskruidfamilie
norsk nynorsk: Moskusurtfamilien
norsk: Moskusurtfamilien
polski: Piżmaczkowate
русский: Адоксовые
slovenčina: Pižmovkovité
svenska: Desmeknoppsväxter
українська: Адоксові, Пижмівкові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Ngũ phúc hoa
中文: 五福花科

Adoxaceae, commonly known as moschatel family,[2] is a small family of flowering plants in the order Dipsacales, now consisting of five genera and about 150–200 species. They are characterised by opposite toothed leaves, small five- or, more rarely, four-petalled flowers in cymose inflorescences, and the fruit being a drupe. They are thus similar to many Cornaceae.

In older classifications, this entire family was part of Caprifoliaceae, the honeysuckle family. Adoxa (moschatel) was the first plant to be moved to this new group. Much later, the genera Sambucus (elders) and Viburnum were added after careful morphological analysis and biochemical tests by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. An additional monotypic genus Sinadoxa has been added based on molecular comparison with Adoxa.

Recent sources, including the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, treat this family as Viburnaceae Raf., nom. cons.[3][4]

Adoxa is a small perennial herbaceous plant, flowering early in the spring and dying down to ground level in summer immediately after the berries are mature; the leaves are compound.

The elders are mostly shrubs, but two species are large herbaceous plants; all have compound leaves. The viburnums are all shrubs, with simple leaves.

Viburnum davidii foliage and fruit

Sambucus racemosa flowers

Sambucus nigra flowers

Sambucus canadensis foliage and fruit

Viburnum grandiflorum


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 342. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 (and more or less continuously updated since - Page last updated: 02/06/2021).
Viburnaceae Raf. at Plants of the World Online (POWO) 18 March 2021

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World