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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Careae
Genus: Aegopodium
Species: A. alpestre – A. burttii – A. decumbens – A. handelii – A. henryi – A. kashmiricum – A. komarovii – A. latifolium – A. podagraria – A. tadshikorum

Aegopodium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 265. (1753)
Type species: Aegopodium podagraria L. Sp. Pl. 1: 265. (1753)


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 265.
Hassler, M. 2018. Aegopodium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 5. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Aegopodium. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 17 2018. 2014. Aegopodium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 5.
Zakharova, E.A., Degtjareva, G.V. & Pimenov, M.G. 2012. Redefined generic limits of Carum (Umbelliferae, Apioideae) and new systematic placement of some of its taxa. Willdenowia 42(2): 149–168. DOI: 10.3372/wi.42.42201 Reference page.

Vernacular names
башҡортса: Зәржә
беларуская: Снітка
čeština: bršlice
dansk: Skvalderkål-slægten
Deutsch: Giersch, Geißfuß
English: Ground Elders
eesti: Naat
suomi: Vuohenputket
français: Égopode
日本語: エゾボウフウ属
қазақша: Бежір
lietuvių: Garšva
македонски: Седмолист
norsk nynorsk: Skvallerkålslekta
norsk: Skvallerkålslekta
polski: Podagrycznik
русский: Сныть
slovenčina: prerastlík
svenska: Kirskålssläktet
удмурт: Колыс
українська: Яглиця
中文: 羊角芹属

Aegopodium is a plant genus of the family Apiaceae native to Europe and western Asia. It is represented by about seven species, all are perennial herbs. Flowers are compounded, umbels appearing in spring-summer and are visited by many types of insect pollinators.[1] Fruit consists of two-winged or ribbed nuts that separate on ripening.

The most well-known member is the Aegopodium podagraria, the ground elder also known as snow-on-the-mountain, Bishop's weed, goutweed, native to Europe and Asia. It is variegated green and white that sometimes reverts to solid green within a patch. Small, white, five-petal flowers are held about three feet high, above the leaves, in flat topped clusters. Underground are long white branching rhizomes that vaguely resemble quackgrass. Regarded as an ecological threat, goutweed is aggressive, invasive and forms dense patches reducing species diversity in the ground layer. On the other hand, because of this, it is often used as a low maintenance ground cover.

Cultivation Frost hardy but drought tender, preferring moist well-drained soil in an open sunny position. Propagate from seed or rhizome.

Aegopodium alpestre
Aegopodium handelii
Aegopodium henryi
Aegopodium kashmiricum
Aegopodium latifolium
Aegopodium podagraria
Aegopodium tadshikorum


Van Der Kooi, C. J.; Pen, I.; Staal, M.; Stavenga, D. G.; Elzenga, J. T. M. (2015). "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers". Plant Biology. 18 (1): 56–62. doi:10.1111/plb.12328. PMID 25754608.

Lord, Tony, Flora: The Gardener's Bible, Cassell (London),2003

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