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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: AciphylleaeAnnesorhizeaeApieaeBupleureaeCareaeChamaesieaeChoritaenieaeCoriandreaeEchinophoreaeErigenieaeHeteromorpheaeKomarovieaeLichtensteinieaeMarlothielleaeOenantheaePhlyctidocarpeaePimpinelleaePleurospermeaePyramidoptereaeScandiceaeSelineaeSmyrnieaeTordylieae

Genera assigned to Clades, but not Tribes:

Arcuatopterus Clade: Arcuatopterus

Cachrys Clade: Azillia – Bilacunaria – Cachrys – Diplotaenia – Eriocycla – Ferulago – Prangos

Conioselinum chinense Clade: Dethawia – Meum – Mutellina – Rivasmartinezia

Conium Clade: Conium

Diplolophium Clade: Diplolophium

Opopanax Clade: Bonannia – Heptaptera – Opopanax – Smyrniopsis – Stefanoffia

Physospermopsis Clade: Hansenia – Haplosphaera – Hymenolaena – Keraymonia – Notopterygium – Physospermopsis – Sinolimprichtia – Tongoloa

Pleurospermopsis Clade: Pleurospermopsis

Sinodielsia Clade: Cenolophium – Conioselinum – Kuramosciadium – Levisticum – Lithosciadium – Paulita – Pterocyclus – Seselopsis – Silaum – Sinodielsia – Sphaenolobium

Genera that have yet to be analysed for affinities to Tribes or Clades: Adenosciadium – Afrosison – Agasyllis – Angoseseli – Austropeucedanum – Kamelinia – Karnataka – Kitagawia – Mastigosciadium – Palimbia – Paraselinum – Pedinopetalum – Pinda – Sclerochorton – Selinopsis – Sivadasania – Stewartiella – Tamamschjania – Thamnosciadium

Note: Does not include combinations assigned to Clades that are different to the type species for the genus.

Apioideae Thorne ex P.Royen, Alpine Fl. New Guinea 4: 2994. (1983)

Type genus: Apium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 264. (1753)


Ammiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Angelicaceae Martinov
Caucaulidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Coriandraceae Burnett
Daucaceae Martinov
Ferulaceae Sacc.
Imperatoriaceae Martinov
Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Pastinacaceae Martinov
Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
Smyrniaceae Burnett

Note: The tribe Peucedaneae Dumort. (1827) is not recognised in this circumscription as its genera are spread over a number of other tribes and clades (Downie et al. 2010).

Thorne 1983. Alpine Flora of New Guinea. Hirschberg 4: 2994.
Clarkson, J.J., Zuntini, A.R., Maurin, O., Downie, S.R., Plunkett, G.M., Nicolas, A.N., Smith, J.F., Feist, M.A.E., Gutierrez, K., Malakasi, P. & Bailey, P. 2021. A higher‐level nuclear phylogenomic study of the carrot family (Apiaceae). American Journal of Botany 108(7): 1252-1269 DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1701 Open access Reference page.
Degtjareva, G.V., Kljuykov, E.V., Samigullin, T.H., Valiejo-Roman, C.M. & Pimenov, M.G. 2013. ITS phylogeny of Middle Asian geophilic Umbelliferae-Apioideae genera with comments on their morphology and utility of psb A-trn H sequences. Plant Systematics and Evolution 299(5): 985–1010. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-013-0779-9 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Downie, S.R., Katz‐Downie, D.S. & Watson, M.F. 2000. A phylogeny of the flowering plant family Apiaceae based on chloroplast DNA rpl16 and rpoC1 intron sequences: towards a suprageneric classification of subfamily Apioideae. American Journal of Botany 87(2): 273–292. DOI: 10.2307/2656915 PDF Reference page.
Downie, S.R., Spalik, K., Katz-Downie, D.S. & Reduron, J.-P. 2010. Major clades within Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae as inferred by phylogenetic analysis of nrDNA ITS sequences. Plant Diversity and Evolution 128(1–2): 111–136. DOI: 10.1127/1869-6155/2010/0128-0005 PDF. Reference page.
Fernández Prieto, J.A. & Cires, E. 2014. Phylogenetic placement of Dethawia, Meum and Rivasmartinezia (Apioideae, Apiaceae): Evidence from nuclear and plastid DNA sequences. Plant Biosystems 148(5): 975–987. DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2013.819818 Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Apioideae. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 29 2015.
Magee, A.R., Calviño, C.I., Liu, M., Downie, S.R., Tilney, P.M. & Van Wyk, B.E. 2010. New tribal delimitations for the early-diverging lineages of Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae. Taxon 59(2): 567–580. DOI: 10.1002/tax.592021 JSTOR PDF Reference page.
Mousavi, S., Mozaffarian, V., Mummenhoff, K., Downie, S.R. & Zarre, S. 2020. An updated lineage-based tribal classification of Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae with special focus on Iranian genera. Systematics and Biodiversity 19(1): 89-109. DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2020.1834002 Paywall Reference page.
Pimenov, M.G., Tojibaev, K.S., Kljuykov, E.V. & Degtjareva, G.V. 2011. Kuramosciadium (Umbelliferae): a new genus from the Uzbekistanian part of the Western Tian Shan Mountains. Systematic Botany 36(2): 487–494. DOI: 10.1600/036364411X569679 ResearchGate Reference page.
Spalik, K., Reduron, J.-P. & Downie, S.R. 2004. The phylogenetic position of Peucedanum sensu lato and allied genera and their placement in tribe Selineae (Apiaceae, subfamily Apioideae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 243(3–4): 189–210. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-003-0066-2 ResearchGate Reference page.
Sun, F.-J. & Downie, S.R. 2010. Phylogenetic analyses of morphological and molecular data reveal major clades within the perennial, endemic western North American Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 137(2–3): 133–156. JSTOR PDF Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Valiejo-Roman, C.M., Terentieva, E.I., Pimenov, M.G., Kljuykov, E.V., Samigullin, T.H. & Tilney, P.M. 2012. Broad polyphyly in Pleurospermum s.l. (Umbelliferae-Apioideae) as inferred from nrDNA ITS and chloroplast sequences. Systematic Botany 37(2): 573–581. DOI: 10.1600/036364412X635593 ResearchGate Reference page.
Zhou, J., Gong, X., Downie, S.R. & Peng, H. 2009. Towards a more robust molecular phylogeny of Chinese Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae: additional evidence from nrDNA ITS and cpDNA intron (rpl16 and rps16) sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(1): 56–68. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.05.029 Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: خيمياوات
català: Apiòidia
українська: Селерові

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