Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Alstroemeriaceae
Tribus: Alstroemerieae – Luzuriageae

Genera: AlstroemeriaBomareaDrymophilaLuzuriaga

Alstroemeriaceae Dumort.Anal. Fam. Pl. 57, 58. (1829) nom. cons.

Type genus: Alstroemeria L. Pl. Alströmeria 8. (1762)


Luzuriagaceae Lotsy (1911)
Type genus: Luzuriaga Ruiz & Pav., nom. cons.


du Mortier, B.C.J. (1829) Analyse des Familles de Plantes: 57, 58.
Bayer, E. (1998) Alstroemeriaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (excluding Orchidaceae) 79-83.
Conran, J.G. & Clifford, H.T. (1998) Luzuriagaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (excluding Orchidaceae) 365-369. 2013. Alstroemeriaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Alstroemeriaceae. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2011. Alstroemeriaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2011 Nov 22. Reference page.
Lotsy, J.P. 1911. Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 760.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Alstroemeriaceae. .

Vernacular names
suomi: Inkaliljakasvit
中文: 六出花科

Alstroemeriaceae is a family of flowering plants, with 254 known species in four genera (Christenhusz & Byng 2016 [2]), almost entirely native to the Americas, from Central America to southern South America. One species of Luzuriaga occurs in New Zealand, and the genus Drymophila is endemic to south-eastern Australia.

The genus Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian lilies, are popular florist's and garden flowers. The genus Bomarea is a vine that produces clusters of variously-colored, bell-shaped flowers.


The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), treats the family in the order Liliales, in the clade monocots. The APG III system, of 2009, merged the obscure family Luzuriagaceae into the Alstroemeriaceae, since the former group included only two genera, was the sister group of the Alstroemeriaceae, and possessed the same distinctive twisted petioles.
Tribe Image Genus Species
Alstroemerieae Alstroemeria magnifica - Flickr 003.jpg Alstroemeria L. 1762

123 species
Bomarea hirsuta (or kalbreyeri) (9725806861).jpg Bomarea Mirb., 1804

110 - 122 species
Luzuriageae Drymophila cyanocarpa.jpg Drymophila R.Br. (1810)

Drymophila cyanocarpa R.Br., turquoise berry or native Solomons seal, native to Tasmania, Victoria and southern New South Wales
Drymophila moorei Baker, orange berry, native to northern New South Wales and Queensland.[3]

Almond Flower (3260590301).jpg Luzuriaga Ruiz & Pav. 1802

Luzuriaga marginata (Gaertn.) Benth. & Hook.f. - almond flower - Southern Chile, Southern Argentina, Falkland Islands
Luzuriaga parviflora (Hook.f.) Kunth - New Zealand
Luzuriaga polyphylla (Hook.f.) J.F.Macbr. - Southern Chile
Luzuriaga radicans Ruiz & Pav. - Southern Chile, Southern Argentina


Alstroemeriaceae is distributed in tropical and temperate America, from Mexico and the Antilles to Tierra del Fuego. Luzuriageae is distributed from Peru to the Falkland Islands and Tierra del Fuego, New Zealand and Australia (NSW to Tasmania).
As food

Bomarea edulis is distributed from Mexico to Argentina. Its tubers have been used from pre-Columbian times as a food source. A single plant can have up to 20 tubers each 5 cm in diameter.
As ornamental plants

Some of the Alstroemeriaceae species used for ornamental purposes are:

Alstroemeria aurea: endemic to Southern Chile. Flowers in the summer. Flowers are 3–4 cm in diameter, they're yellow and orange, tinged with green.
Alstroemeria haemantha: endemic to Chile, especially near Valparaíso. It grown near rocks and flowers at the beginning of summer. It has red flowers that can grow up to 5 cm in diameter. Florece a principios de verano.
Alstroemeria ligtu: endemic to Chile, it grows in stoney, sand, dry soil. It flowers at the end of spring and the beginning of summer and has a height of 60 cm–1 m. Its flowers present several colours, usually lilac and pink, red or white.
Alstroemeria psittacina: distributed in the Brazilian swamp, Peru and the Misiones Province in Argentina. Its flowers have a length of 4–5 cm, and grow in bunches of 5 to 6 flowers. Its petals are red and green.
Bomarea ovallei (syn.: Leontochir ovallei): endemic to Chile, grows in stoney soil in full sunlight in the 3rd Region of Chile. It has red flowers, which can also be yellow, although rarely. They can have a diameter of up to 10 cm. It is an endangered species due to its modest distribution and its use as food by wild animals.

Other species, such as Luzuriaga radicans, also endemic to Chile, have potential as ornamental plants.

Anton Hofreiter & R. E. Rodríguez: The Alstroemeriaceae in Peru and neighbouring areas, in Revistá Biología Peruana, 13 (1), 2006, p. 1-62.


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x, archived from the original on 2017-05-25, retrieved 2010-12-10
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

"Genus Drymophila". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-12-19.

Aagesen, L.; A. M. Sanso. (2003). "The phylogeny of the Alstroemeriaceae, based on morphology, rps16 intron, and rbcL sequence data". Syst. Bot. 28 (58).
Sanso, A. M.; C. C. Xifreda (1997). "A morphological and taxonomic appraisal of the monotypic South American genus Schickendantzia (Alstroemeriaceae)". Scripta Bot. Belgica. 15 (139).
Chacón, J.; M. Camargo de Assis; A. W. Meerow & S. S. Renner (2012). "From east Gondwana to Central America: Historical biogeography of the Alstroemeriaceae". Journal of Biogeography. 39 (10): 1806–1818. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02749.x.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World