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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Amorpheae
Genera: Amorpha – Apoplanesia – DaleaErrazuriziaEysenhardtiaMarinaParryellaPsorothamnus


Amorpheae Boriss. (1964)

Type genus: Amorpha L.

Primary references

Boriss. 1964. Novosti Sistematiki Vysshchikh Rastenii 1964: 224.

Additional references

McMahon, M. & Hufford, L. 2004. Phylogeny of Amorpheae (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae). American Journal of Botany 91(8): 1219–1230. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.91.8.1219 Full text PDF Reference page.


International Plant Names Index. 2020. Amorpheae. Published online. Accessed: Oct 25 2020. 2020. Amorpheae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 25 Oct 2020.
USDA: GRIN Taxonomy for Plants[1] (20 March 2006)

Vernacular names
русский: Аморфовые

The tribe Amorpheae is an early-branching clade within the flowering plant subfamily Faboideae or Papilionaceae. It is found from Mexico to Argentina.[2] It was recently found to belong in a larger clade known informally as the dalbergioids sensu lato.[2][3][4] This tribe is consistently resolved as monophyletic in molecular phylogenetic analyses.[2][3][4][1][5][6][7][8][9][10] It is estimated to have arisen 36.9 ± 3.0 million years ago (in the Eocene).[6] A node-based definition for Amorpheae is: "the MRCA of Psorothamnus arborescens and Eysenhardtia orthocarpa."[6] The tribe exhibits the following morphological synapomorphies: "epidermal glands throughout the plant body; dry, indehiscent fruits that are single-seeded; and terminal inflorescences."[1]

Subclades and genera

The amorphoids can be distinguished from the daleoids on the basis of their non-papilionaceous flowers.[1]

Amorpha L.
Apoplanesia C. Presl
Errazurizia Phil.
Eysenhardtia Kunth
Parryella Torr. & A. Gray


The daleoids can be distinguished from the amorphoids on the basis of their generally papilionaceous corollas.[1]

Dalea L.
Marina Liebm.
Psorothamnus Rydb.


McMahon M, Hufford L (2004). "Phylogeny of Amorpheae (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae)". Am J Bot. 91 (8): 1219–1230. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.8.1219. PMID 21653479.
Wojciechowski MF. (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades" (PDF). Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
Lavin M, Herendeen PS, Wojciechowski MF (2005). "Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary". Syst Biol. 54 (4): 575–94. doi:10.1080/10635150590947131. PMID 16085576.
McMahon MM, Sanderson MJ (2006). "Phylogenetic supermatrix analysis of GenBank sequences from 2228 papilionoid legumes". Syst Biol. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.1080/10635150600999150. PMID 17060202.
Pennington RT, Lavin M, Ireland H, Klitgaard B, Preston J, Hu J-M (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships of basal papilionoid legumes based upon sequences of the chloroplast trnL intron". Syst Bot. 55 (5): 818–836. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.537 (inactive 28 February 2022).
Doyle JJ, Doyle JL, Ballenger JA, Dickson EE, Kajita T, Ohashi H (1997). "A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation". Am J Bot. 84 (4): 541–554. doi:10.2307/2446030. JSTOR 2446030. PMID 21708606.
Hu JM, Lavin M, Wojciechowski MF, Sanderson MJ (2000). "Phylogenetic systematics of the tribe Millettieae (Leguminosae) based on chloroplast trnK/matK sequences and its implications for evolutionary patterns in Papilionoideae". Am J Bot. 87 (3): 418–30. doi:10.2307/2656638. JSTOR 2656638. PMID 10719003.

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