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Anthriscus sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Scandiceae
Subtribus: Scandicinae
Genus: Anthriscus
Species: Anthriscus sylvestris
Subspecies: A. s. subsp. alpinus – A. s. subsp. fumarioides – A. s. subsp. mollis – A. s. subsp. nemorosus – A. s. subsp. stenophyllus – A. s. subsp. sylvestris

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.

Chaerophyllum sylvestre L.
Carum sylvestre (L.) Baill.
Cerefolium sylvestre (L.) Bubani
Chaerefolium sylvestre (L.) Schinz
Myrrhis sylvestris (L.) Spreng.
Scandix sylvestris (L.) Vest
Anthriscus alpina (Vill.) Jord.
Anthriscus candollei Rouy & E.G.Camus
Anthriscus chaerophyllea (Lam.) Druce
Anthriscus dissectus C.H.Wright
Anthriscus elatior Besser
Anthriscus intermedia Schur
Anthriscus keniensis H.Wolff
Anthriscus keniensis f. gracilis H.Wolff
Anthriscus laevigata Griseb.
Anthriscus nemorosa Baker & S.Moore nom. illeg.
Anthriscus pilosa Schur
Anthriscus procera Besser
Anthriscus sylvestris var. abyssinica A.Rich.
Anthriscus sylvestris subsp. aemula Kitag.
Anthriscus sylvestris subsp. alpina (Vill.) Nyman
Anthriscus sylvestris var. sylvestris
Anthriscus sylvestris subsp. sylvestris
Anthriscus torquata Duby
Anthriscus yunnanensis W.W.Sm.
Caucalis aequicolorum All.
Cerefolium tenuifolium Beck
Chaerophyllum affine Steud. ex A.Rich.
Chaerophyllum alpinum Vill.
Chaerophyllum angulatum Kit. ex Spreng.
Chaerophyllum ateanum (Pau) Pau
Chaerophyllum cadonense Schult. ex Steud.
Chaerophyllum ghilanicum Stapf & Wettst.
Chaerophyllum infestum Salisb.
Chaerophyllum lactescens Rochel ex Steud.
Chaerophyllum sylvestre var. ateanum Pau
Chaerophyllum tumidum Gilib. nom. inval.
Myrrhis alpina Steud.
Myrrhis chaerophylloides Hance
Oreochorte yunnanensis (W.W.Sm.) Koso-Pol.
Peucedanum dissectum (C.H.Wright) Dawe
Ptychotis sylvestris Royle
Selinum cicutaria E.H.L.Krause

Anthriscus sylvestris (Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen)


Genera Plantarum Umbelliferarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm et Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. Accedunt Icones et Analyses Aeri Incisae. Mosquae [Moscow] 40, 1814.
The Plant List 2013. Anthriscus sylvestris in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 26.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Anthriscus sylvestris in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
Euro+Med PlantBase: Anthriscus sylvestris

Vernacular names
العربية: سرفيل أنطرسكي حرجي
azərbaycanca: meşə dişəvəri
žemaitėška: gardakolis
català: Cerfull bord
čeština: kerblík lesní
Cymraeg: gorthyfail
dansk: Vild Kørvel
Deutsch: Wiesen-Kerbel
English: Cow Parsley
Esperanto: arbara antrisko
español: perifollo verde
eesti: mets-harakputk
euskara: astaperrexil zuri
فارسی: جعفری وحشی جنگلی
suomi: koiranputki
français: cerfeuil sauvage
Frysk: Piipkrûd
Gaeilge: Peirsil bhó
Gàidhlig: Costag Fhiadhain
magyar: erdei turbolya
íslenska: Skógarkerfill
italiano: anterisco
日本語: 杓, シャク
한국어: 전호
lietuvių: krūminis builis
norsk bokmål: Hundekjeks
Nedersaksies: Fluitekruud
Nederlands: Fluitenkruid
norsk nynorsk: Hundekjeks
polski: trybula leśna
română: hasmațuchi
русский: купырь лесной
davvisámegiella: dierpmárássi
slovenčina: trebuľka lesná
svenska: Hundkäx
українська: бугила лісова
vepsän kel’: Koiranbut'k
中文(简体): 峨参
中文(繁體): 峨參
中文: 峨参

Anthriscus sylvestris, known as cow parsley,[2] wild chervil,[2] wild beaked parsley, Queen Anne's lace or keck,[2][3] is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant in the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae),[4] genus Anthriscus. It is also sometimes called mother-die (especially in the UK), a name that is also applied to the common hawthorn. It is native to Europe, western Asia and northwestern Africa; in the south of its range in the Mediterranean region, it is limited to higher altitudes. It is related to other diverse members of Apiaceae, such as parsley, carrot, hemlock and hogweed. It is often confused with Daucus carota which is also known as Queen Anne's lace or wild carrot, also a member of the Apiaceae.[5]


The hollow stem grows to a height of 60–170 cm (24–67 in), branching to umbels of small white flowers. Flowering time is mid spring to early summer.

The tripinnate leaves are 15–30 cm (5.9–11.8 in) long and have a triangular form. The leaflets are ovate and subdivided.

Cow parsley grows in sunny to semi-shaded locations in meadows and at the edges of hedgerows and woodland. It is a particularly common sight by the roadside. It is sufficiently common and fast-growing to be considered a nuisance weed in gardens. Cow parsley's ability to grow rapidly through rhizomes and to produce large quantities of seeds in a single growing season has made it an invasive species in many areas of the United States. Vermont has listed cow parsley on its "Watch List" of invasive species, while Massachusetts has banned the sale of the plant. It is classed as a Class B Noxious Weed in the State of Washington since 1989,[5] where its sale is also banned. In Iceland, cow parsley has been classified as an alien invasive species.[6]

All airborn parts of the cow parsley plant are edible, with a flavour sharper than garden chervil and described as grassy parsley with a hint of licorice or aniseed. The root is deemed toxic by some,[who?] edible by others.[who?] The plant is invasive and spreads easily along roads, and the edges of woods and fields, so it is not cultivated but instead foraged in the wild from February to November. However extreme caution is advised when foraging cow parsley because it is easily confused with other species of the Apiaceae family, such as the deadly poisonous hemlock, hemlock water-dropwort and fool's parsley. Because the plant's flavour is considered unremarkable and the risk is great, foraging cow parsley in the wild is usually strongly discouraged.[7]: 64 


The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 20 December 2015
"Anthriscus sylvestris". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 15 December 2017.
"Cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)". Woodland Trust. Retrieved 2021-06-12.
Webb, D.A., Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. 1996. An Irish Flora. Dundalgan Press Ltd, Dundalk. ISBN 0-85221-131-7
"Wild chervil". King County.
Ágengar plöntur (Invasive plants). Náttúrufræðistofnun Íslands (Icelandic Institute of Natural History. Retrieved on May 2nd 2019. (In Icelandic).
Renton, Marlow; Biggane, Eric (2019). Foraging Pocket Guide (2020 ed.). Wild Foods UK. ISBN 978-1-9999222-2-1.

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