Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Dalbergieae
Genus: Amicia
Species: A. andicola – A. fimbriata – A. glandulosa – A. lobbiana – A. medicaginea – A. micrantha – A. zygomeris
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Amicia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 06. Reference page.


Amicia Kunth

Type species: Amicia glandulosa Kunth.


Zygomeris DC.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: America
Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Ecuador, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Panama, Peru

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Humboldt, A., Bonpland, A. & Kunth, C.S. 1823–1824 ["1823"]. Nova genera et species plantarum, quas in peregrinatione ad plagam aequinoctialem orbis novi collegerunt, descripserunt, partim adumbraverunt Amat. Bonpland et Alex. de Humboldt. Tomus 6 (quarto ed.). 600 pp. Apud Gide filium, Lutetiae Parisiorum [Paris]. BHL Reference page. : 6: 511


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Amicia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Amicia. Published online. Accessed: Nov 06 2020. 2020. Amicia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 06.
Catalogue of Life: 2020 Annual Checklist

Vernacular names

Arachis is a genus of about 70 species of annual and perennial flowering plants in the pea family (Fabaceae), native to South America, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Pterocarpus clade of the Dalbergieae.[1][2] At least one species, the peanut (Arachis hypogaea), is a major food crop species of global importance; some of the other species are cultivated for food to a small extent in South America. Other species such as A. pintoi are cultivated worldwide as forage and soil conditioner plants, with the leaves providing high-protein feed for grazing livestock and a nitrogen source in agroforestry and permaculture systems.

Arachis species, including the peanut, are used as food plants by some Lepidoptera species, including the flame shoulder, nutmeg, and turnip moth.[3]


Arachis comprises the following sections and species:[4][5]
Section Arachis

Arachis batizocoi Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis benensis Krapov. et al.
Arachis cardenasii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis correntina (Burkart) Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis cruziana Krapov. et al.
Arachis decora Krapov. et al.
Arachis diogoi Hoehne
Arachis duranensis Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis glandulifera Stalker
Arachis gregoryi C. E. Simpson et al.
Arachis helodes Mart. ex Krapov. & Rigoni
Arachis herzogii Krapov. et al.
Arachis hoehnei Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis hypogaea L.—peanut
subsp. fastigiata Waldron
var. aequatoriana Krapov. & W. C. Greg
var. fastigiata (Waldron) Krapov. & W. C. Greg
var. peruviana Krapov. & W. C. Greg
var. vulgaris Harz
subsp. hypogaea L.
var. hirsuta J. Kohler
var. hypogaea L.
Arachis ipaensis Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis kempff-mercadoi Krapov. et al.
Arachis krapovickasii C. E. Simpson et al.
Arachis kuhlmannii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis linearifolia Valls et al.
Arachis magna Krapov. et al.
Arachis microsperma Krapov. et al.
Arachis monticola Krapov. & Rigoni
Arachis palustris Krapov. et al.
Arachis praecox Krapov. et al.
Arachis schininii Krapov. et al.
Arachis simpsonii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis stenosperma Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis trinitensis Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis valida Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis villosa Benth.
Arachis williamsii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.

Section Caulorrhizae

Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis repens Handro

Section Erectoides

Arachis archeri Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis benthamii Handro
Arachis brevipetiolata Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis cryptopotamica Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis douradiana Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis gracilis Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis hatschbachii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis hermannii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis major Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis martii Handro
Arachis oteroi Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis paraguariensis Chodat & Hassl.
subsp. capibarensis Krapov. & W. C. Greg
subsp. paraguariensis Chodat & Hassl.
Arachis porphyrocalyx Valls & C. E. Simpson
Arachis stenophylla Krapov. & W.C. Greg.

Section Extranervosae

Arachis burchellii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis lutescens Krapov. & Rigoni
Arachis macedoi Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis marginata Gardner
Arachis pietrarellii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis prostrata Benth.—grassnut
Arachis retusa Krapov. et al.
Arachis setinervosa Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis submarginata Valls et al.
Arachis villosulicarpa Hoehne

Section Heteranthae

Arachis dardani Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis giacomettii Krapov. et al.
Arachis interrupta Valls & C. E. Simpson
Arachis pusilla Benth.
Arachis seridoensis Valls et al.
Arachis sylvestris (A. Chev.) A. Chev.

Section Procumbentes

Arachis appressipila Krapov. & W. C. Greg.
Arachis chiquitana Krapov. et al.
Arachis kretschmeri Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis hassleri Krapov. et al.
Arachis lignosa (Chodat & Hassl.) Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis matiensis Krapov. et al.
Arachis pflugeae C. E. Simpson et al.
Arachis rigonii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis subcoriacea Krapov. & W.C. Greg.
Arachis vallsii Krapov. & W.C. Greg.

Section Rhizomatosae

Arachis nitida Valls et al.

Series Prorhizomatosae

Arachis burkartii Handro

Series Rhizomatosae

Arachis glabrata Benth.
var. glabrata Benth.
var. hagenbeckii (Harms) F. J. Herm.
Arachis pseudovillosa (Chodat & Hassl.) Krapov. & W.C. Greg.

Arachis glabrata
Section Trierectoides

Arachis guaranitica Chodat & Hassl.
Arachis tuberosa Benth.

Section Triseminatae

Arachis triseminata Krapov. & W.C. Greg.


Arachis × batizogaea Krapov. & A. Fernández


Lavin M, Pennington RT, Klitgaard BB, Sprent JI, de Lima HC, Gasson PE (2001). "The dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae): delimitation of a pantropical monophyletic clade". American Journal of Botany. 88 (3): 503–33. doi:10.2307/2657116. JSTOR 2657116. PMID 11250829.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". South African Journal of Botany. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
"HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants". The Natural History Museum, London. Retrieved 2020-06-14.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Arachis". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Arachis". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 5 February 2014.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World