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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Azorelloideae
Genera: AsterisciumAzorellaBolaxBowlesiaDichosciadiumDickinsiaDiplaspisDiposisDomeykoaDrusaEremocharisGymnophytonHomalocarpusOschatziaPozoaSpananthe


Azorelloideae G.M.Plunkett & Lowry J. S. African Bot. 70(3): 379. (2004)

Type genus: Azorella Lam. Encycl. 1(1): 344. (1783)

Note: Circumscription sensu Plunkett & Nicolas, 2017, but see Fernández, Ezcurra & Calviño, 2017.

Andersson, L., Kocsis, M., & Eriksson, R. 2006. Relationships of the genus Azorella (Apiaceae) and other hydrocotyloids inferred from sequence variation in three plastid markers. Taxon 55: 270-280. PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Clarkson, J.J., Zuntini, A.R., Maurin, O., Downie, S.R., Plunkett, G.M., Nicolas, A.N., Smith, J.F., Feist, M.A.E., Gutierrez, K., Malakasi, P. & Bailey, P. 2021. A higher‐level nuclear phylogenomic study of the carrot family (Apiaceae). American Journal of Botany 108(7): 1252-1269 DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1701 Open access Reference page.
Plunkett, G.M., Chandler, G.T., Lowry, P.P., Pinney, S.M., Sprenkle, T.S., Van Wyk, B.E. & Tilney, P.M. 2004. Recent advances in understanding Apiales with a revised classification. South African Journal of Botany 70(3): 371–381. DOI: 10.1016/S0254-6299(15)30220-9 Paywall ResearchGate. Reference page.
Fernández, M., Ezcurra, C. & Calviño, C.I. 2017. Chloroplast and ITS phylogenies to understand the evolutionary history of southern South American Azorella, Laretia and Mulinum (Azorelloideae, Apiaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 108: 1-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2017.01.016 Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Azorelloideae. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 12 2018.
Liu, M., Plunkett, G.M., Van Wyk, B.E., Tilney, P.M. & Lowry II, P.P. 2012. The phylogenetic significance of the carpophore in Apiaceae. Annals of Botany 110(8): 1531–1543. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs204 Reference page.
Liu, M., Van Wyk. B-E., Tilney. P.M., Plunkett. G.M. & Lowry II. P.P. 2009. Evidence from fruit structure supports in general the circumscription of Apiaceae subfamily Azorelloideae, Plant Systematics & Evolution 280 (1/2): 1–13.
Plunkett, G.M. & Nicolas, A.N. 2017. Assessing Azorella (Apiaceae) and its allies: Phylogenetics and a new classification. Brittonia 69(1): 31-61. DOI: 10.1007/s12228-016-9446-0 Open access Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

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