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Aztekium ritteri

Aztekium ritteri (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Genus: Aztekium
Species: Aztekium ritteri

Aztekium ritteri (Boed.) Boed., Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakteen-Ges. 1: 52 (1929).

Echinocactus ritteri Boed. in Z. Sukkulentenk.: 305. 1928 syn. sec. Guzmán Cruz & al. 2003

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Mexico
Mexico Northeast

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Boedeker, F. (1929) Monatsschrift der Deutschen Kakteen-Gesellschaft 1: 52.

Additional references

Villaseñor, J.L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559–902. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmb.2016.06.017 Online PDF Reference page.
Hernández, H.M. & Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. (2015). Mapping the cacti of Mexico part II. Mammillaria Succulent Plant Research 9: 1-189.
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Aztekium ritteri in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 13. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Aztekium ritteri in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 04. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Aztekium ritteri. Published online. Accessed: Mar 04 2021. 2021. Aztekium ritteri. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 04 Mar 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Aztekium ritteri. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar 04. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Aztekium ritteri in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
suomi: poimutyynykaktus
lietuvių: Mažasis actekis
svenska: Aztek-kaktus
українська: Ацтекіум Ріттера
中文: 花籠 (植物)

Aztekium ritteri is a species of cactus, in the genus Aztekium. It is one of the three species that make up the genus. The species originated in Mexico.[2] Aztekium is a genus endemic to Mexico.[3][unreliable source?][dead link]
Blooming of Aztekium ritteri

In Mexico, Aztekium ritterii it is called “Peyotillo.” However, even though it contains N-methyltyramine, hordenine, anhalidine, mescaline, pellotine, and 3-methoxytyramine, there have been no ethnobotanical reports that state that it has ever been used by the indigenous people of the area.[4][unreliable source?][dead link]
Blooming habits

The Aztekium ritteri blooms throughout the summer, producing an abundance of white and pink flowers measuring less than one centimeter in diameter. These flowers are followed by small pink fruit that open when ripe and let out tiny seeds.[2]

"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Faucon, Philippe (1998–2005). "Aztekium ritteri". Retrieved 23 April 2009.
Benson (1982). "Hallucinogenic Cacti". Retrieved 26 April 2009.
Schultes (1937). "Hallucinogenic Cacti". Retrieved 26 April 2009.

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