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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Inuleae
Subtribus: Inulinae
Genus: Blumea
Species: B. adamsii – B. adenophora – B. alata – B. angustifolia – B. arfakiana – B. arnakidophora – B. aromatica – B. axillaris – B. balfourii – B. balsamifera – B. barbata – B. belangeriana – B. benthamiana – B. bicolor – B. bifoliata – B. borneensis – B. bovei – B. braunii – B. brevipes – B. bullata – B. cafra – B. canalensis – B. celebica – B. clarkei – B. confertiflora – B. conspicua – B. crassifolia – B. crinita – B. decurrens – B. densiflora – B. diffusa – B. elatior – B. eriantha – B. fistulosa – B. flava – B. floresiana – B. formosana – B. heudelotii – B. hieracifolia – B. hookeri – B. hossei – B. incisa – B. integrifolia – B. intermedia – B. junghuhniania – B. klossii – B. lacera – B. laevis – B. lanceolaria – B. lanceolata – B. lecomteana – B. linearis – B. longipes – B. macrostachya – B. malcolmii – B. manillensis – B. martiniana – B. megacephala – B. milnei – B. mindanaensis – B. moluccana – B. obliqua – B. oblongifolia – B. obovata – B. oloptera – B. oxyodonta – B. papuana – B. psammophila – B. pungens – B. ramosii – B. repanda – B. riparia – B. sagittata – B. saussureoides – B. saxatilis – B. scabrifolia – B. sericans – Blumea sericea –B. sessiliflora – B. sikkimensis – B. sinuata – B. sonbhadrensis – B. squarrosa – B. stenophylla – B. subalpina – B. sumbawensis – B. sylvatica – B. tenella – B. tenuifolia – B. ternatensis – B. timorensis – B. tomentosa – B. vanoverberghii – B. venkataramanii – B. veronicifolia – B. vestita – B. viminea – B. virens – B. viscosa – B. volkensii – B. zeylanica

Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2018. Blumea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 15. Reference page.


Blumea DC., Arch. Bot. (Paris) 2: 514. (1833) nom. et typ. cons.

Type species: Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC., Prodr. 5: 447. (1836)


Conyza subgen. Blumea (DC.) DC. ex Miq.
Placus Lour.
Bileveillea Vaniot
Leveillea Vaniot
Blumea sect, Apterae DC.
Blumeopsis pro parte
Merrittia Merr.
Nanothamnus Thomson. This genus is still largely accepted as a segregate from Blumea, but see Anderberg & Pandey (2008) for an alternative view.


Blumea Rchb., Consp. Regn. Veg. 209. (1828)
Blumea G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 564, 573. (1831)


Candolle. A.P. de 1833. Archives de Botanique 2: 514.
Anderberg, A.A. & Pandey, A.K. 2008. Nanothamnus sericeus Thomson, a derived species of Blumea. Compositae Newsletter 46: 8–19.
Pornpongrungrueng, P., Borchsenius, F., Gustafsson, M.H.G., Englund, M. & Anderberg, A.A. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships in Blumea (Asteraceae: Inuleae) as evidenced by molecular and morphological data. Plant Systematics and Evolution 269: 223–243.


Hassler, M. 2018. Blumea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Blumea. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 15 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Blumea in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 15. 2018. Blumea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Feb. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. DC. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: Blumea.
Blumea DC. – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
IUCN link: Blumea threatened species
Blumea – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).

Vernacular names
English: False Oxtongue

Blumea is a genus of flowering plants of the family Asteraceae.[3]


Genus Blumea is found in the tropical and sub-tropical zones of Asia, especially the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. A few species are found in Australia and still fewer in Africa.[2][4]

The plants of this genus are mostly relatively small weeds.[5] Some of them are ruderal species.

A few of the species were formerly included in genus Conyza.

Many species of genus Blumea are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Other uses include as decorative dry plants.

Blumea balsamifera (Nat; หนาด) is reputed to ward off spirits in Thai folklore, and is used in Philippines herbal medicine as well.

Blumea axillaris (syn. Blumea mollis) leaf essential oil contains linalool (c. 19%), γ-elemene (c. 12%), copaene (c. 11%), estragole (c.11%), allo-ocimene (c. 10 %), γ-terpinene (8%) and allo-aromadendrene (c. 7 %). The essential oil had significant toxic effect against early fourth-instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus with LC50 = 71.71 and LC90 = 143.41 ppm.[6]
Other uses of the name

Blumea is also the name of the Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography published by the National Herbarium of the Netherlands.[7]

As of December 2020, Plants of the World Online accepted the following species:[3]

Blumea adenophora Franch.
Blumea angustifolia Thwaites
Blumea arfakiana Martelli
Blumea arnakidophora Mattf.
Blumea aromatica DC.
Blumea axillaris (Lam.) DC.
Blumea balfourii Hemsl.
Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC.
Blumea barbata DC.
Blumea belangeriana DC.
Blumea benthamiana Domin
Blumea bicolor Merr.
Blumea bifoliata (L.) DC.
Blumea borneensis S.Moore
Blumea bovei (DC.) Vatke
Blumea braunii (Vatke) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork
Blumea bullata J.Kost.
Blumea cafra (DC.) O.Hoffm.
Blumea canalensis S.Moore
Blumea celebica Boerl.
Blumea confertiflora Merr.
Blumea conspicua Hayata
Blumea crinita Arn.
Blumea densiflora DC.
Blumea diffusa R.Br. ex Benth.
Blumea eriantha DC.
Blumea fistulosa (Roxb.) Kurz
Blumea flava DC.
Blumea formosana Kitam.
Blumea hamiltonii DC.
Blumea hieraciifolia (Spreng.) DC. - hawkweed leaf blumea (毛毡草)
Blumea hirsuta (Less.) M.R.Almeida
Blumea hossei Craib ex Hosseus
Blumea incisa Merr.
Blumea integrifolia DC.
Blumea intermedia J.Kost.
Blumea junghuhniana (Miq.) Boerl.
Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC. - Malay blumea, kakronda (红头草)
Blumea laevis (Lour.) Merr.
Blumea lanceolaria (Roxb.) Druce
Blumea lanceolata Warb.
Blumea linearis C.I Peng & W.P.Leu
Blumea longipes Merr.
Blumea macrostachya DC.
Blumea malcolmii Hook.f.
Blumea manillensis DC.
Blumea martiniana Vaniot
Blumea megacephala C.T.Chang & C.H.Yu
Blumea milnei Seem.
Blumea mindanaensis Merr.
Blumea moluccana Boerl.
Blumea napifolia DC.
Blumea obliqua (L.) Druce
Blumea oblongifolia Kitam.
Blumea obovata DC.
Blumea oxyodonta DC. – spiny leaved blumea
Blumea papuana S.Moore
Blumea psammophila Dunlop
Blumea pungens W.Fitzg.
Blumea ramosii Merr.
Blumea repanda (Roxb.) Hand.-Mazz.
Blumea riparia DC.
Blumea sagittata Gagnep.
Blumea saussureoides C.C.Chang & Y.Q.Tseng ex Y.Ling & Y.Q.Tseng
Blumea saxatilis Zoll. & Moritzi
Blumea scabrifolia Ridl.
Blumea sericea (Thomson) Anderb. & A.K.Pandey
Blumea sessiliflora Decne.
Blumea sikkimensis Hook.f.
Blumea sinuata (Lour.) Merr.
Blumea sonbhadrensis S.Narain, Lata & Juhi Singh
Blumea stenophylla Merr.
Blumea subalpina Lauterb.
Blumea sumbawensis Boerl.
Blumea sylvatica (Blume) DC.
Blumea tenella DC.
Blumea tenuifolia C.Y.Wu
Blumea ternatensis Boerl.
Blumea timorensis DC. ex Decne.
Blumea vanoverberghii Merr.
Blumea venkataramanii R.S.Rao & Hemadri
Blumea veronicifolia Franch.
Blumea vestita Kitam.
Blumea viminea DC.
Blumea virens DC.
Blumea zeylanica Grierson


John Lindley & Thomas Moore, The treasury of botany


illustration c. 1880 from Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.) - Flora de Filipinas, Gran edicion
Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
"Blumea DC". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 829 艾纳香属 ai na xiang shu Blumea Candolle, Arch. Bot. (Paris). 2: 514. 1833.
Oudhia, P., S. S. Kolhe, and R. S. Tripathi. "Allelopathic effect of Blumea lacera L. on rice and common kharif weeds." Oryza 35.2 (1998): 175-177.
Senthilkumar A, Kannathasan K, Venkatesalu V.,"Chemical constituents and larvicidal property of the essential oil of Blumea mollis (D. Don) Merr. against Culex quinquefasciatus." Parasitol Res. 2008 Sep;103(4):959-62
Blumea - Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Plant Geography, National Herbarium of the Netherlands Archived 2007-08-29 at the Wayback Machine

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