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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Bossiaeeae
Genus: Bossiaea
Species: B. alpina – B. angustifolia – B. aquifolium – B. arcuata – B. arenicola – B. arenitensis – B. armitii – B. atrata – B. aurantiaca – B. barbarae – B. barrettiorum – B. bombayensis – B. bossiaeoides – B. bracteosa – B. brownii – B. buxifolia – B. calcicola – B. carinalis – B. celata – B. cinerea – B. concinna – B. concolor – B. cordigera – B. cucullata – B. dasycarpa – B. dentata – B. disticha – B. distichoclada – B. divaricata – B. ensata – B. eremaea – B. eriocarpa – B. flexuosa – B. foliosa – B. fragrans – B. grayi – B. halophila – B. heterophylla – B. inundata – B. kiamensis – B. laxa – B. lenticularis – B. leptacantha – B. linophylla – B. milesiae – B. modesta – B. moylei – B. neoanglica – B. obcordata – B. obovata – B. oligosperma – B. ornata – B. oxyclada – B. peduncularis – B. peninsularis – B. praetermissa – B. preissii – B. prostrata – B. pulchella – B. rhombifolia – B. riparia – B. rosmarinifolia – B. rufa – B. rupicola – B. saxosa – B. scolopendria – B. scortechinii – B. sericea – B. simulata – B. smithiorum – B. spinescens – B. spinosa – B. stephensonii – B. tasmanica – B. vombata – B. walkeri – B. webbii – B. zarae
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Bossiaea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 27. Reference page.


Bossiaea Vent., 1800

Type species: Bossiaea heterophylla Vent.


Lalage Lindl.
Scottia R.Br.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Ventenat, É.P. 1800–1803. Description des Plantes Nouvelles et peu connues, cultivées dans le jardin de J. M. Cels. 100 pp. Paris. Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : t. 7


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Bossiaea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Bossiaea. Published online. Accessed: Oct 27 2020. 2020. Bossiaea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 27.
Catalogue of Life: 2020 Annual Checklist

Vernacular names
русский: Боссея
中文: 麒麟豆属

Bossiaea is a genus of about 78 species of flowering plants in the pea family Fabaceae and is endemic to Australia. Plants in this genus often have stems and branches modified as cladodes, simple, often much reduced leaves, flowers with the upper two sepal lobes larger than the lower three, usually orange to yellow petals with reddish markings, and the fruit a more or less flattened pod.


Plants in the genus Bossiaea are shrubs, often with the stems and branches modified as cladodes, the leaves simple and often reduces to scales, usually with small stipules at the base. The flowers are usually arranged singly in leaf axils, usually with two or three small bracts or bracteoles at the base of the peduncle. There are five sepals, the upper two usually larger and united higher than the lower three. The petals are mostly orange to yellow, often with darker markings and the standard is about twice as long as the sepals. The stamens are united into a sheath that is split on the upper side and the fruit is a flattened pod contining seeds with an aril.[2][3][4][5][6]

The genus Bossiaea was first formally described in 1800 by Étienne Pierre Ventenat in his book, Description des Plantes Nouvelles et peu connues, cultivées dans le Jardin de J.M. Cels and the first species he described was Bossiaea heterophylla.[7][8] The genus is named in honour of Joseph Hugues Boissieu La Martinière, a botanist on La Pérouse's expedition to Australia.[9]
Species list

The following is a list of species of Bossiaea accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at July 2021:[10]

Bossiaea alpina I.Thomps. (Vic.)
Bossiaea aquifolium Benth. ― water bush (W.A.)
Bossiaea aquifolium Benth. subsp. aquifolium
Bossiaea aquifolium subsp. laidlawiana (Tovey & P.Morris) J.H.Ross
Bossiaea arcuata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea arenicola J.H.Ross (Qld.)
Bossiaea arenitensis R.L.Barrett (W.A.)
Bossiaea armitii F.Muell. (Qld.)
Bossiaea atrata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea aurantiaca J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea barbarae J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea barrettiorum J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea bombayensis K.L.McDougall – Bombay bossiaea (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea bossiaeoides (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Court (W.A., N.T., Qld.)
Bossiaea bracteosa F.Muell. ex Benth. ― mountain leafless bossiaea (Vic.)
Bossiaea brownii Benth. (Qld.)
Bossiaea buxifolia A.Cunn. – matted bossiaea (Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
Bossiaea calcicola J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea carinalis Benth. (QLD.)
Bossiaea celata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea cinerea R.Br. – showy bossiaea (S.A., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
Bossiaea concinna Benth. (W.A.)
Bossiaea concolor (Maiden & Betche) I.Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Bossiaea cordigera Hook.f. – wiry bossiaea (Vic., Tas.)
Bossiaea cucullata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea dasycarpa I.Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Bossiaea decumbens F.Muell. (Vic.)
Bossiaea dentata (R.Br.) Benth. (W.A.)
Bossiaea disticha Lindl. (W.A.)
Bossiaea distichoclada F.Muell. (Vic., N.S.W.)
Bossiaea divaricata Turcz. (W.A.)
Bossiaea ensata Sieber ex DC. – sword bossiaea (Qld., N.S.W., Vic., S.A.)
Bossiaea eremaea J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea eriocarpa Benth. – common brown pea (W.A.)
Bossiaea flexuosa J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea foliosa A.Cunn. – leafy bossiaea (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
Bossiaea fragrans K.L.McDougall (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea grayi K.L.McDougall – Murrumbidgee bossiaea (A.C.T.)
Bossiaea halophila J.H.Ross. (W.A.)
Bossiaea heterophylla Vent. – variable bossiaea (Qld., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
Bossiaea inundata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea kiamensis Benth. (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea laxa J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea lenticularis Sieber ex DC. (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea leptacantha E.Pritz. (W.A.)
Bossiaea linophylla R.Br. (W.A.)
Bossiaea milesiae K.L.McDougall (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea modesta J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea neoanglica F.Muell. (N.S.W., Qld.)
Bossiaea nummularia Endl. (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea obcordata (Vent.) Druce – spiny bossiaea (N.S.W., Vic., Qld.)
Bossiaea obovata I.Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Bossiaea oligosperma A.T.Lee (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea ornata (Lindl.) Benth. (W.A.)
Bossiaea oxyclada Turcz. (W.A.)
Bossiaea peduncularis Turcz. (W.A.)
Bossiaea peninsularis I.Thomps. (S.A.)
Bossiaea praetermissa J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea preissii Meisn. (W.A.)
Bossiaea prostrata R.Br. – creeping bossiaea (Qld., N.S.W., Vic., S.A., Tas.)
Bossiaea pulchella Meisn. (W.A.)
Bossiaea rhombifolia Sieber ex DC. (N.S.W., Qld.)
Bossiaea riparia A.Cunn. ex Benth. – river leafless bossiaea (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic., Tas.)
Bossiaea rosmarinifolia Lindl. – Grampians bossiaea (Vic.)
Bossiaea rufa R.Br. (W.A.)
Bossiaea rupicola A.Cunn. ex Benth. (N.S.W., Qld.)
Bossiaea saxosa J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea scolopendria (Andrews) Sm. (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea scortechinii F.Muell. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Bossiaea sericea I.Thomps. (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
Bossiaea simulata J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea smithiorum J.H.Ross (W.A.)
Bossiaea spinescens Meisn. (W.A.)
Bossiaea spinosa (Turcz.) Domin (W.A.)
Bossiaea stephensonii F.Muell. (N.S.W.)
Bossiaea tasmanica I.Thomps. (Tas.)
Bossiaea vombata J.H.Ross – wombat bossiaea (Vic.)
Bossiaea walkeri F.Muell. – cactus bossiaea, cactus pea (W.A., S.A., N.S.W., Vic.)
Bossiaea webbii F.Muell. – water bush (W.A.)
Bossiaea zarae R.L.Barrett – Princess May winged pea (W.A.)


Species of Bossiaea occur in all Australian states and mainland territories, including seven in Tasmania and one (Bossiaea bossiaeoides in the Northern Territory.[4][11][12]

"Bossiaea". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
"Bossiaea". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
"Bossiaea". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
"Bossiaea Vent". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Bossiaea". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
Carolin, Roger C.; Tindale, Mary D. (1994). Flora of the Sydney region (4th ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Reed. p. 356. ISBN 0730104001.
"Bossiaea". APNI. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
Ventenat, Étienne P. (1800). Description des Plantes Nouvelles et peu connues, cultivées dans le Jardin de J.M. Cels. Paris. p. 7. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
Sharr, Francis Aubi; George, Alex (2019). Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings (3rd ed.). Kardinya, WA: Four Gables Press. p. 641. ISBN 9780958034180.
"Bossiaea". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
Jordan, Greg. "Key to Tasmanian Vascular Plants". University of Tasmania. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
"Bossiaea bossiaeoides". Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 3 July 2021.

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