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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Inuleae
Subtribus: Inulinae
Genus: Buphthalmum
Species: B. inuloides – B. salicifolium – B. speciosissimum

Buphthalmum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 903 (1753).

Lectotype species: B. salicifolium L., designated by M.L. Green, Prop. Brit. Bot. 183 (1929).


Asteroides Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
Bustia Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 127 (1763).
Type species: B. grandiflorum L.
Xerolekia Anderb., Pl. Syst. Evol. 176: 93 (1991)
Type species: X. speciosissima (L.) Anderb.


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 903. Reference page.


International Plant Names Index. 2018. Buphthalmum. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 15 2018.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Buphthalmum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 13. Reference page.
Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Buphthalmum in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2021 Mar. 13. 2018. Buphthalmum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Feb. 2018.
Hassler, M. 2018. Buphthalmum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 15. Reference page.

Vernacular names
čeština: volovec
Deutsch: Ochsenaugen
suomi: Häränkukat
français: Buphtalme
slovenčina: volovec
svenska: Ljusögon
中文: 牛眼菊属

Buphthalmum is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae.[3] There are 2[4] or 3[5] species. They are native to Europe, and B. salicifolium is in cultivation and has been introduced elsewhere.[5][6]

These are perennial herbs with alternately arranged leaves. The inflorescence is a solitary flower head atop the stem. The head has very narrow phyllaries, yellow ray florets and yellow disc florets. The fruit is a cypsela usually tipped with a pappus of scales; those growing from the ray florets may lack pappi.[5]

Accepted species[2]

Buphthalmum inuloides – Sardinia
Buphthalmum salicifolium – western, central, + southern Europe; introduced in China, southeast Asia


Tropicos, search for Buphthalmum
Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 903 in Latin
Buphthalmum. The Plant List.
Buphthalmum. Flora of China.
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Buphthalmum includes photos ad European distribution maps

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