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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Cichoriinae
Genus: Cichorium
Sectio: C. sect. Cichorium
Species: Cichorium endivia
Varietas: C. e. var. roborovskyi


Cichorium endivia L. (1753)

Cichorium crispum Mill.
Cichorium esculentum Salisb.

Native distribution areas:


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 813. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Cichorium endivia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Cichorium endivia. Published online. Accessed: May 20 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Cichorium endivia in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. 2018. Cichorium endivia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cichorium endivia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
čeština: čekanka listová, štěrbák zahradní
Deutsch: Endivie
English: Endive
Esperanto: Endivio
suomi: Endiivi
français: Endive
italiano: Indivia
македонски: Ендивија
русский: Эндивий
svenska: Sydcikoria
Türkçe: Hindiba

Cichorium endivia is a species of flowering plant belonging to the genus Cichorium, which is widely cultivated as one of the species of similar bitter-leafed vegetables known as endive and escarole.[2]

There is considerable confusion between C. endivia and C. intybus.[3][4]

A plant of the vegetable type sometimes distinguished as "frisée"

Cichorium endivia flower with Syrphidae



The Plant List, Cichorium endivia L.
USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 17 May 2016
"Chicory and Endive". Innvista. 2013-07-31. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
"Endive | Archives | Aggie Horticulture". Retrieved 2013-08-18.

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