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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Eupatorieae
Subtribus: Critoniinae
Genus: Critonia
Species: C. arachnoidea – C. aromatisans – C. bartlettii – C. billbergiana – C. breedlovei – C. campechensis – C. conzattii – C. dalea – C. daleoides – C. dominicensis – C. hebebotrya – C. heteroneura – C. hospitalis – C. imbricata – C. inaequidens – C. laurifolia – C. lozanoana – C. macropoda – C. megaphylla – C. microdon – C. morifolia – C. naiguatensis – C. nicaraguensis – C. nubigena – C. paneroi – C. parviflora – C. platychaeta – C. portoricensis – C. pseudodalea – C. quadrangularis – C. sexangularis – C. siltepecana – C. stigmatica – C. tuxtlae – C. wilburii – C. yashanalensis
Name

Critonia P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 490. (1756)

Type species: Critonia dalea (L.) DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 5: 140. (1836)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Dalea P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 314. (1756) see p.490 for correction to Critonia vide Dalea L. (1753) (Fabaceae).
Heterotypic
Wikstroemia Schrad., Gött. Gel. Anz. 710–711. (1821) vide Laplacea Kunth (Theaceae)
Wikstroemia Spreng., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 167–168, Tab. 3, fig. 2. (1821) nom. rej. against Wikstroemia Endl. 1833 (nom. et orth. cons.) (Thymelaeaceae )
Critoniadelphus R.M.King & H.Rob.. Phytologia 22: 52. (1971)

References

Browne, P. 1756. Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts 490.
Hassler, M. 2018. Critonia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Critonia. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 11 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Critonia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 11.

Vernacular names
русский: Критония

Critonia is a genus of flowering plant in the subtribe Eupatorieae of the sunflower family.[2][4][5]

The most notable trait that characterizes the genus is the presence of pellucid punctations caused by internal secretory pockets of the leaves - to be seen these must be viewed with a hand lens while holding the leaf up to light in most species of the genus. Most species of Critonia also have smooth opposite leaves, a shrubby habit, unenlarged style bases, relatively few (3-5) flowers per head, and imbricate involucres.[6]

Species

The genus is native to Mexico, Central America, South America, and the West Indies.[1]

Critonia arachnoidea (Legname) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia aromatisans (DC.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia bartlettii (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia billbergiana (Beurl.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia breedlovei R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia campechensis (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia conzattii (Greenm.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia dalea (L.) DC.
Critonia daleoides DC.
Critonia dominicensis R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia eggersii (Hieron.) R.M.King & H.Rob. - Ecuador[7]
Critonia eriocarpa (B.L.Rob. & Greenm.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia heathiae B.L.Turner
Critonia hebebotrya DC.
Critonia hemipteropoda (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia heteroneura Ernst
Critonia hospitalis (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia iltisii R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia imbricata Griseb.
Critonia inaequidens (Urb.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia lanicaulis (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia laurifolia (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia lozanoana (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia macropoda DC.
Critonia megaphylla (Baker) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia morifolia (Mill.) R.M.King & H.Rob. - Bolivia[8]
Critonia naiguatensis (V.M.Badillo) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia nicaraguensis (B.L.Rob.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia nubigenus (Benth.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia paneroi B.L.Turner
Critonia parviflora (Sw.) DC.
Critonia peninsularis (Brandegee) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia platychaeta (Urb.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia portoricensis (Urb.) Britton & P.Wilson
Critonia pseudodalea DC.
Critonia quadrangularis (DC.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia sexangularis (Klatt) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia siltepecana (B.L.Turner) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia spinaciifolia (DC.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia stigmatica (Urb. & Ekman) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia thyrsigera (Hieron.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia thyrsoidea (Moc. ex DC.) R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia tuxtiae R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia wilburii R.M.King & H.Rob.
Critonia yashanalensis (Whittem.) R.M.King & H.Rob.

References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-16 at archive.today
Browne, Patrick. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts pages 314-315
Browne, Patrick. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts page 239
Browne, Patrick. 1756. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts page 490
Tropicos, Critonia P. Browne
King, R. M. and H. Robinson. 1987. The genera of the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). Monographs in Systematic Botany, Missouri Botanical Garden 22: 1-581.
Montúfar, R.; Pitman, N. (2003). "Critonia eggersii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2003: e.T43162A10782736. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2003.RLTS.T43162A10782736.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
"Critonia morifolia (Mill.) R. M. King & H. Rob". Bolivia checklist.

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