Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamilia: Crotonoideae
Tribus: AdenoclineaeAleuritideaeCodiaeaeCrotoneaeElateriospermeaeGelonieaeJatropheaeManihoteaeMicrandreaeRicinocarpeaeRicinodendreaeTrigonostemoneae

Genera incertae tribus: Karima – Radcliffea

Crotonoideae Burmeist., (1837)

Type genus: Croton L., Sp. Pl. [Linnaeus] 2: 1004. (1753)

Note: Cheek at al. (2016) note that there are taxonomic problems with tribal limits in this subfamily, but as yet there has not been a satisfactory resolution see also Stevens (2021) & Wurdack et al. (2005).
Primary references

Burmeister, C.H.C., 1837. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte 247.

Additional references

Cheek, M., Challen, G., Lebbie, A., Banks, H., Barberá, P. & Riina, R. 2016. Discovering Karima (Euphorbiaceae), a new crotonoid genus from West Tropical Africa long hidden within Croton. PLoS ONE 11(4): p.e0152110. Open access Reference page.
Hoffmann, P. & Wurdack, K.J. 2006. Radcliffea, a new genus of Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto from Madagascar. Kew Bulletin 61(2): 193-197. JSTOR Reference page.
van Welzen, P.C., Arias Guerrero, S., Arifiani, D., Bangun, T.J., Bouman, R.W., Eurlings, M.C., Gushilman, I., Phillipson, P.B., Tabak, I., Winkel, E. & Wurdack, K.J. 2020. Weda, a new genus with two new species of Euphorbiaceae‐Crotonoideae from Halmahera (North Maluku, Indonesia) and phylogenetic relationships of the Australasian tribe Ricinocarpeae. Journal of Systematics and Evolution Early view pre issue inclusion DOI: 10.1111/jse.12581 Open access Reference page.
Wurdack, K. J. Hoffmann, P. & Chase, M. W. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of uniovulate Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) using plastid RBCL and TRNL-F DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 92: 1397. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.92.8.1397 Open access Reference page.


International Plant Names Index. 2020. Crotonoideae. Published online. Accessed: Jun 11 2020.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2020. Crotonoideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jun 11.
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names
한국어: 크로톤아과
українська: Кротонові
Tiếng Việt: Phân họ Ba đậu

The Crotonoideae (crotonoids) are a subfamily within the family Euphorbiaceae.[1]
See also

Taxonomy of the Euphorbiaceae


Gurcharan Singh (2004). Plants Systematics: An Integrated Approach. Enfield, N.H: Science Publishers. ISBN 1-57808-351-6.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World