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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: Carduinae
Genus: Cynara
Species: Cynara scolymus
Name

Cynara scolymus L.
See Cynara cardunculus
Synonyms

Homotypic

Carduus scolymus Baill., Hist. Pl. (Baillon) 8: 7, 289 (1882).
Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus (L.) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 924 (1928).
Cynara communis Lam., Fl. Fr., 2: 15 (1779), nom. illeg.
Cynara esculenta Salisb., Prodr.: 185 (1796), nom. illeg.

Heterotypic

Cynara hortensis Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 : n° 2 (1768), nom. valid.?
Cynara scolymus var. redonensis N.H.F.Desp., Fl. Sarthe Mayenne: 140 (1838).

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 827. Reference page.
Flore Electronique 2000-2009. Association Tela Botanica. Institut de Botanique, Montpellier. 2010 Sept 04 [1].
Hassler, M. 2021. Cynara scolymus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Apr. 11. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Cynara scolymus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Apr. 11. Reference page.
Wiklund, A. 1992. The genus Cynara L. (Asteraceae-Cardueae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 109 (1): 75-123. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1992.tb00260.x Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Cultivated Globe Artichoke
suomi: Latva-artisokka
français: Artichaut
Gàidhlig: farrasgag
italiano: Carciofo
日本語: アーティチョーク, チョウセンアザミ
português: Alcachofra
română: Anghinare

This putative species is now often accepted as a group of cultigens incorporating the cultivated Globe Artichoke. The majority of authorities now consider it as part of Cynara cardunculus along with the Cardoon. See Wiklund (1992), but there are a number of secondary sources that maintain its separation, including Hassler (2021)

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