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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Mirbelieae
Genus: Daviesia
Species: D. abnormis – D. acicularis – D. alata – D. alternifolia – D. anceps – D. angulata – D. aphylla – D. apiculata – D. arborea – D. arenaria – D. argillacea – D. arthropoda – D. articulata – D. asperula – D. audax – D. benthamii – D. brachyphylla – D. brevifolia – D. bursarioides – D. buxifolia – D. campephylla – D. cardiophylla – D. chapmanii – D. cordata – D. corymbosa – D. costata – D. crassa – D. crenulata – D. croniniana – D. cunderdin – D. daphnoides – D. debilior – D. decipiens – D. decurrens – D. devito – D. dielsii – D. dilatata – D. discolor – D. divaricata – D. elliptica – D. elongata – D. emarginata – D. epiphyllum – D. eremaea – D. euphorbioides – D. euryloba – D. filipes – D. flava – D. flexuosa – D. genistifolia – D. glossosema – D. gracilis – D. grahamii – D. grossa – D. hakeoides – D. horrida – D. implexa – D. incrassata – D. inflata – D. intricata – D. laevis – D. lancifolia – D. latifolia – D. laxiflora – D. leptophylla – D. lineata – D. localis – D. longifolia – D. major – D. megacalyx – D. mesophylla – D. microcarpa – D. microphylla – D. mimosoides – D. mollis – D. nematophylla – D. newbeyi – D. nova-anglica – D. nudiflora – D. obovata – D. oppositifolia – D. ovata – D. oxyclada – D. oxylobium – D. pachyloma – D. pachyphylla – D. pauciflora – D. pectinata – D. pedunculata – D. physodes – D. pleurophylla – D. podophylla – D. polyphylla – D. preissii – D. pseudaphylla – D. pteroclada – D. pubigera – D. purpurascens – D. quadrilatera – D. quoquoversus – D. ramosissima – D. reclinata – D. retrorsa – D. rhizomata – D. rhombifolia – D. rubiginosa – D. sarissa – D. scabrella – D. schwarzenegger – D. scoparia – D. sejugata – D. smithiorum – D. speciosa – D. spinosissima – D. spiralis – D. squarrosa – D. striata – D. stricta – D. suaveolens – D. subulata – D. teretifolia – D. tortuosa – D. triflora – D. trigonophylla – D. ulicifolia – D. umbellulata – D. umbonata – D. uncinata – D. uniflora – D. villifera – D. wyattiana
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Daviesia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 09. Reference page.


Daviesia Sm., 1798

Type species: Daviesia acicularis Sm. Lectotype designated by: Hutchinson, J. 1964. Gen. Fl. Pl. 1: 339. Clarendon Press, Oxford.


Daviesia Poir. = Borya Labill.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Smith, J.E., 1798. Trans. Linn. Soc. 4: 220

Additional references

Crisp, M.D. & al. (2017). A monograph of Daviesia (Mirbelieae, Faboideae, Fabaceae) Phytotaxa 300: 1-308.
Govaerts, R.H.A. 2000. World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141. [unavailable to the public] Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Daviesia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 09. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Daviesia. Published online. Accessed: Mar 09 2021. 2021. Daviesia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 09.
Hassler, M. 2021. Daviesia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 09. Reference page.

Daviesia, commonly known as bitter-peas,[2] is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, and is endemic to Australia. Plants in the genus Daviesia are shrubs or small trees with leaves modified as phyllodes or reduced to scales. The flowers are arranged singly or in groups, usually in leaf axils, the sepals joined at the base with five teeth, the petals usually yellowish with reddish markings and the fruit a pod.


Plants in the genus Daviesia are shrubs or small trees with their leaves modified as phyllodes that are often sharply-pointed, or have leaves reduced to scales with the stems modified as cladodes. The flowers are usually arranged in leaf axils, either singly or in clusters or racemes with bracts sometimes present on the peduncles, pedicels or flowering stems. The sepals are joined at the base to form a bell-shaped tube with five teeth, the two upper teeth usually wider and the petals are usually yellowish with reddish markings, the standard petal more or less round with a notch at the top and often shorter than the wings and keel. The fruit is a more or less flattened pod containing one or two seeds, each with an aril on the end.[2][3][4][5]

The roots of many Daviesia species have a mode of secondary thickening in which successive arch-like cambia arise outside the roots of the previous season, creating rope-like structures on the roots.[6][7] Like other genera in their family, Daviesia species have nitrogen-fixing bacteria contained in root nodules.[8]

The genus Daviesia was first formally described in 1798 by James Edward Smith in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.[9][10] The genus is named in honour of Hugh Davies, a Welsh botanist.

Species of Daviesia are found in all states and mainland territories of Australia, but the majority occur in Western Australia.[3][11]
Species list

The following is a list of Daviesia species accepted by the Australian Plant Census as of October 2021:[12]

  • Daviesia abnormis F.Muell. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia acicularis Sm. – sharp bitter-pea (N.S.W., Qld., A.C.T.)
  • Daviesia alata Sm. (N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia alternifolia Endl. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia anceps Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia angulata Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia aphylla F.Muell. ex Benth. (W.A., S.A.)
  • Daviesia apiculata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia arborea W.Hill – golden pea, bitterleaf pea (Qld., N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia arenaria Crisp – sandhill bitter-pea (S.A., N.S.W., Vic.)
  • Daviesia argillacea Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia arthropoda F.Muell. (W.A., N.T., S.A., Qld.)
  • Daviesia articulata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia asperula Crisp (S.A.)
    • Daviesia asperula Crisp subsp. asperula
    • Daviesia asperula subsp. obliqua Crisp
  • Daviesia audax Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia benthamii Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia brachyphylla Meisn. (W.A.
  • Daviesia brevifolia Lindl. – leafless bitter-pea (S.A., Vic.)
  • Daviesia bursarioides Crisp – Three Springs daviesia (W.A.)
  • Daviesia buxifolia Benth. (N.S.W., Vic.)
  • Daviesia campephylla Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia cardiophylla F.Muell. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia chapmanii Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia cordata Sm. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia corymbosa Sm. (N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia costata Cheel (W.A.)
  • Daviesia crassa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia crenulata Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia croniniana F.Muell. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia cunderdin Crisp & G.Chandler (W.A.)
  • Daviesia daphnoides Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia debilior Crisp (W.A.)
    • Daviesia debilior Crisp subsp. debilior (W.A.)
    • Daviesia debiliorsubsp. sinuans Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia decipiens (E.Pritz.) Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia decurrens Meisn. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia decurrens Meisn. subsp. decurrens (W.A.)
    • Daviesia decurrens subsp. hamata (Crisp) Crisp & G.Chandler (W.A.)
  • Daviesia devito Crisp & L.G.Cook (S.A., N.S.W., Vic.)
  • Daviesia dielsii E.Pritz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia dilatata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia discolor Pedley (Qld.)
  • Daviesia divaricata Benth. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia divaricata Benth. subsp. divaricata (W.A.)
    • Daviesia divaricata subsp. lanulosa Crisp & G.Chandler (W.A.)
  • Daviesia elliptica Crisp – wild hops (Qld., N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia elliptica Crisp × Daviesia mimosoides R.Br. subsp. mimosoides (Qld.)
  • Daviesia elongata Benth. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia elongata Benth. subsp. elongata (W.A.)
  • Daviesia emarginata (Miq.) Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia epiphyllum Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia eremaea Crisp (W.A., N.T.)
  • Daviesia euphorbioides Benth. (W.A.) – Wongan cactus
  • Daviesia eurylobos Crisp & G.Chandler (W.A.)
  • Daviesia filipes Benth. (Qld.)
    • Daviesia filipes Benth. subsp. filipes (Qld.)
    • Daviesia filipes subsp. terminalis Crisp & G.Chandler (Qld.)
  • Daviesia flava Pedley (Qld.)
  • Daviesia flexuosa Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia genistifolia A.Cunn. ex Benth. (S.A., Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
  • Daviesia glossosema Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia gracilis Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia grahamii Ewart & Jean White (W.A.)
  • Daviesia grossa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia hakeoides Meisn. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia hakeoides Meisn. subsp. hakeoides
    • Daviseia hakeoides subsp. subnuda Crisp
  • Daviesia horrida Preiss ex Meisn. – prickly bitter-pea (W.A.)
  • Daviesia implexa (Crisp) Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia incrassata Sm. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia incrassata Sm. subsp. incrassata
    • Daviesia incrassata subsp. reversifolia (F.Muell.) Crisp
    • Daviesia incrassata subsp. teres Crisp
  • Daviesia inflata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia intricata Crisp (W.A.)
    • Daviesia intricata Crisp subsp. intricata
    • Daviesia intricata subsp. xiphophylla Crisp
  • Daviesia laevis Crisp (Vic.)
  • Daviesia lancifolia Turcz. (W.A)
  • Daviesia latifolia R.Br. (Qld., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
  • Daviesia laxiflora (J.H.Willis) Crisp (Vic.)
  • Daviesia leptophylla A.Cunn. ex G.Don (S.A., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
  • Daviesia lineata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia localis Hislop (W.A.)
  • Daviesia longifolia Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia major (Benth.) Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia megacalyx Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia mesophylla Ewart (W.A.)
  • Daviesia microcarpa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia microphylla Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia mimosoides R.Br. (Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
    • Daviesia mimosoides subsp. acris Crisp (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
    • Daviesia mimosoides R.Br. subsp. mimosoides (Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
  • Daviesia mollis Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia nematophylla F.Muell. ex Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia newbeyi Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia nova-anglica Crisp (N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia nudiflora Meisn. (W.A.)
    • Daviesia nudiflora subsp. amplectens Crisp
    • Daviesia nudiflora subsp. drummondii (Meisn.) Crisp
    • Daviesia nudiflora subsp. hirtella Crisp
    • Daviesia nudiflora Meisn. subsp. nudiflora
  • Daviesia obovata Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia oppositifolia Endl. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia ovata Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia oxyclada Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia oxylobium Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pachyloma Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pachyphylla F.Muell. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pauciflora Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pectinata Lindl. (S.A., Vic.)
  • Daviesia pedunculata Benth. ex Lindl. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia physodes A.Cunn. ex G.Don (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pleurophylla Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia podophylla Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia polyphylla Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia preissii Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pseudophylla Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pteroclada Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia pubigera A.Cunn. ex Benth. (N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia purpurascens Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia quadrilatera Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia quoquoversus Crisp (Qld.)
  • Daviesia ramosissima Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia reclinata A.Cunn. ex Benth.
  • Daviesia retrorsa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia rhizomata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia rhombifolia Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia rubiginosa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia sarissa Crisp (W.A.)
    • Daviesia sarissa subsp. redacta Crisp
    • Daviesia sarissa Crisp subsp. sarissa Crisp
  • Daviesia scoparia Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia sarissa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia scabrella Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia schwarzenegger Crisp & L.G.Cook (N.S.W., Vic., S.A.)
  • Daviesia scoparia Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia sejugata G. Chandler & Crisp (S.A., Tas.)
  • Daviesia smithiorum Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia sp. Calliope (N.Gibson TOI308) Qld Herbarium (Qld.)
  • Daviesia speciosa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia spinosissima Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia spiralis Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia sp. Isla Gorge (K.R.McDonald KRM231) Qld Herbarium (Qld.)
  • Daviesia squarrosa Sm. (Qld., N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia striata Turcz. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia stricta Crisp (S.A.)
  • Daviesia suaveolens Crisp (N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia subulata Crisp & G.Chandler (W.A.)
  • Daviesia teretifolia R.Br. ex Benth. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia tortuosa Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia triflora Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia trigonophylla Meisn. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia ulicifolia Andrews (W.A., S.A., Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Tas.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. aridicola G.Chandler & Crisp
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. Bybera (C.T.White 12612) Qld Herbarium (Qld.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. incarnata G.Chandler & Crisp (S.A.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. pilligensis G.Chandler & Crisp (N.S.W.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. ruscifolia (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) G.Chandler & Crisp (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic., Tas.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. stenophylla G.Chandler & Crisp (Qld., N.S.W.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. stenophylla G.Chandler & Crisp × Daviesia wyattiana F.M.Bailey (Qld.)
    • Daviesia ulicifolia Andrews subsp. ulicifolia (S.A., Qld., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
  • Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. Warwick (K.R.McDonald KRM107) Qld Herbarium (Qld.)
  • Daviesia umbellulata Sm. (Qld., N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia umbonata G. Chandler & Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia uncinata Crisp (W.A.)
  • Daviesia uniflora D.A.Herb. (W.A.)
  • Daviesia villifera A.Cunn. ex Benth. (Qld., N.S.W.)
  • Daviesia wyattiana F.M.Bailey (Qld., N.S.W., Vic.)


"Daviesia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
Crisp, Michael D. "Daviesia". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
"Daviesia". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
Jeanes, Jeff A. "Daviesia". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
"Daviesia". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
Crisp, M.D. (1995). "Contributions towards a revision of Daviesia (Fabaceae: Mirbelieae). III.* A synopsis of the genus". Australian Systematic Botany. 8 (6): 1155. doi:10.1071/SB9951155. ISSN 1030-1887.
Michael D. Crisp; Lindy Cayzer; Gregory T. Chandler; Lyn G. Cook (24 March 2017). "A monograph of Daviesia (Mirbelieae, Faboideae, Fabaceae)". Phytotaxa. 300 (1): 1–308. doi:10.11646/PHYTOTAXA.300.1.1. ISSN 1179-3155. Wikidata Q33106109.
Mullins, Effie (1989). "Daviesia mimosoides". Growing Native Plants. Australian National Herbarium. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
"Daviesia". Australian Plant Name Index. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
Smith, James E. (1798). "The Characters of Twenty New Genera of Plants". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 4: 220. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
"Daviesia". Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
"Daviesia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 17 September 2021.

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