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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Ixoroideae
Tribus: Condamineeae
Genus: Ferdinandusa
Species: F. boomii – F. chlorantha – F. cordata – F. dissimiliflora – F. duckei – F. edmundoi – F. elliptica – F. goudotiana – F. guainiae – F. hirsuta – F. lanceolata – F. leucantha – F. loretensis – F. neblinensis – F. nitida – F. panamensis – F. paporiensis – F. paraensis – F. rudgeoides – F. scandens – F. schultesii – F. speciosa – F. sprucei – F. uaupensis

Ferdinandusa Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 2: 8. t. 106 ad 108. (1831)

Type species: Ferdinandusa speciosa (Pohl) Pohl, Pl. Bras. Icon. Descr. 2: 12. (1829)


Replaced synonym
Ferdinandea Pohl, Flora 10: 153. (1827) nom. illeg. hom. non. Ferdinanda Lag., Gen. Sp. Pl. [Lagasca] 31. (1816) vide Zaluzania Pers., Syn. Pl. [Persoon] 2(2): 473. (1807) nom. cons. (Asteraceae)
Aspidanthera Benth., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 217. (1841)
Gomphosia Wedd., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 10: 14. (1848)

Native distribution areas:

Pohl, J.B.E. 1831. Plantarum Brasiliae Icones et Descriptiones 2: 8–9.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Ferdinandusa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Ferdinandusa. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 30 2019. 2019. Ferdinandusa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 30.

Ferdinandusa is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae, native to the American tropics.[1]


The genus was initially named Ferdinandea by Johann Baptist Emanuel Pohl (but that name was an illegitimate homonym[2]) who placed it in the family Bignoniaceae.[3] This species is a shrub or small tree that occurs at the edge of a swamp in a gallery forest.[4]

The beginning of anthesis and the opening of the stigmatic lips occur at dusk. The nectar is secreted during both the male and the female phases, with concentration of sugars greater in the male phase. The flowers are pollinated by two hummingbird species, Chlorostilbon aureoventris and Phaethornis pretrei.[4]

Species include:[5]

Ferdinandusa boomii Steyerm.
Ferdinandusa chlorantha (Wedd.) Standl.
Ferdinandusa cordata Ducke
Ferdinandusa dissimiliflora (Mutis ex Humb.) Standl.
Ferdinandusa duckei Steyerm.
Ferdinandusa edmundoi Sucre
Ferdinandusa elliptica (Pohl) Pohl
Ferdinandusa goudotiana K.Schum.
Ferdinandusa guainiae Spruce ex K.Schum.
Ferdinandusa hirsuta Standl.
Ferdinandusa lanceolata K.Schum.
Ferdinandusa leucantha Standl.
Ferdinandusa loretensis Standl.
Ferdinandusa neblinensis Steyerm.
Ferdinandusa nitida Ducke
Ferdinandusa panamensis Standl. & L.O.Williams
Ferdinandusa paporiensis Suess.
Ferdinandusa paraensis Ducke
Ferdinandusa rudgeoides (Benth.) Wedd.
Ferdinandusa scandens Ducke
Ferdinandusa schultesii Steyerm.
Ferdinandusa speciosa (Pohl) Pohl
Ferdinandusa sprucei K.Schum.
Ferdinandusa uaupensis Spruce ex K.Schum.


"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved July 10, 2015.
The International Plant Names Index, retrieved 10 July 2015
Plantarum Brasiliae icones et descriptiones hactenus ineditae (text only), 2, Vienna: Antonius Strauss, p. 8 Plate 106, plate 107, plate 108
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (June 2001). "Reproductive biology of the protandrous Ferdinandusa speciosa Pohl (Rubiaceae) in Southeastern Brazil". Brazilian Journal of Botany 24(2).
"The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved July 9, 2015.

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