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Galium spurium

Galium spurium (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Rubioideae
Tribus: Rubieae
Genus: Galium
Species: Galium spurium
Subspecies: G. s. subsp. africanum – G. s. subsp. ibicinum – G. s. subsp. spurium – G. s. subsp. vaillantii
Name

Galium spurium L.
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 106. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Galium spurium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
Galium spurium L. – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
العربية: جويسئة زائفة
беларуская: Маруна лжывая
Cymraeg: Coeg-gynghafan
Deutsch: Kleinfrüchtiges Kletten-Labkraut
English: Stickwilly, False Cleavers, Marin County bedstraw
suomi: Peltomatara
hornjoserbsce: Njeprawy sydrik
日本語: ヤエムグラ
한국어: 갈퀴덩굴
Nederlands: Akkerwalstro
polski: Przytulia fałszywa
svenska: Småsnärjmåra
українська: Підмаренник несправжній
中文: 光果拉拉藤

Galium spurium, the stickwilly[1] or false cleavers, is a plant species of the Rubiaceae. It is widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa and Canada, and is naturalized in Australia.[2][3][4] It is considered a noxious weed in many places.[5]

Galium spurium is an erect or reclining herb up to 50 cm tall. Stems are square in cross-section. Leaves are in whorls of 6–8, narrowly lanceolate. Flowers are in multi-flowered cymes or panicles, white or yellow-green.[6]
Subspecies

Many varietal and subspecific names have been proposed, but at present (May 2014) only 3 are recognized:[2]

Galium spurium subsp. africanum Verdc. - mountains of tropical and southern Africa; also Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Socotra
Galium spurium subsp. ibicinum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Ehrend. - Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan
Galium spurium subsp. spurium - widespread

References

Lee, Sangtae; Chang, Kae Sun, eds. (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. p. 475. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 12 March 2019 – via Korea Forest Service.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Altervista Flora Italiana
Moss, E. H. 1983. Flora of Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Wenming Zhang & K. L. Bailey. 2000. Biological Control of Cleavers (Galium spurium and G. aparine) with Pathogenic Fungi - Exploration and Discovery. Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds 4-14 July 1999, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana USA Neal R. Spencer (ed.). pp. 117-123
Flora of China v 19 p 136, 猪殃殃 zhu yang yang Galium spurium

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