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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Rubioideae
Tribus: AnthospermeaeArgostemmateaeClarkelleaeColletoecemateaeCoussareeaeCraterispermeaeCyanoneuroneaeDanaideaeDunnieaeFoonchewieaeGaertnereaeKnoxieaeLasiantheae – Mitchelleae – MorindeaeOphiorrhizeaePaederieae – Palicoureeae – Perameae – Prismatomerideae – Psychotrieae – Putorieae – Rubieae – Schizocoleeae – Schradereae – SpermacoceaeTheligoneae – Urophylleae

Genera not allocated to tribes: Aphanocarpus – Coryphothamnus – Pagameopsis

Rubioideae Juss., 1789.

Typus: Rubia


Jussieu, A.L. de 1789. Genera Plantarum 196.
Backlund, M., Bremer, B. & Thulin, M. 2007. Paraphyly of Paederieae, recognition of Putorieae and expansion of Plocama (Rubiaceae-Rubioideae). Taxon 56(2): 315–328. DOI: 10.1002/tax.562006 JSTOR ResearchGate PDF Reference page.
Bremer, B. & Eriksson, T. 2009. Time tree of Rubiaceae: phylogeny and dating the family, subfamilies, and tribes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(6): 766-793. DOI: 10.1086/599077 PDF Reference page.
Bremer, B. & Manen, J.F. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 225(1-4): 43-72. DOI: 10.1007/BF00985458 PDF Reference page.
Darwin, S.P. 1976. The subfamilial, tribal and subtribal nomenclature of the Rubiaceae. Taxon 25(5-6): 595–610. DOI: 10.2307/1220118 Paywall JSTOR Hybrid open access journal PDF Paywall Reference page.
Ginter, A., Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. 2015. Phylogenetic affinities of Myrioneuron and Cyanoneuron, generic limits of the tribe Argostemmateae and description of a new Asian tribe, Cyanoneuroneae (Rubiaceae). Taxon 64(2): 286-298. DOI: 10.12705/642.2 PDF Reference page.
Krüger, Å., Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Danaideae (Rubiaceae: Rubioideae): Another example of out-of-Madagascar dispersal. Taxon 61(3): 629-636. JSTOR PDF Reference page.
Razafimandimbison, S.G., Rydin, C. & Bremer, B. 2008. Evolution and trends in the Psychotrieae alliance (Rubiaceae)—A rarely reported evolutionary change of many-seeded carpels from one-seeded carpels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(1): 207-223. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.034 PDF Corrigendum Reference page.
Razafimandimbison, S.G. Kainulainen, K. Wikström, N. & Bremer, B. 2017. Historical biogeography and phylogeny of the pantropical Psychotrieae alliance (Rubiaceae), with particular emphasis on the Western Indian Ocean Region. American Journal of Botany 104(9): 1407-1423. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1700116 Open access Reference page.
Rydin, C., Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. 2008. Rare and enigmatic genera (Dunnia, Schizocolea, Colletoecema), sisters to species-rich clades: phylogeny and aspects of conservation biology in the coffee family. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(1): 74-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.04.006 PDF Reference page.
Rydin, C., Kainulainen, K., Razafimandimbison, S.G., Smedmark, J.E. & Bremer, B. 2009. Deep divergences in the coffee family and the systematic position of Acranthera. Plant Systematics and Evolution 278(1-2): 101-123. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-008-0138-4 PDF Reference page.
Rydin, C., Razafimandimbison, S.G., Khodabandeh, A. & Bremer, B. 2009. Evolutionary relationships in the Spermacoceae alliance (Rubiaceae) using information from six molecular loci: insights into systematic affinities of Neohymenopogon and Mouretia. Taxon 58(3): 793-810. JSTOR PDF Reference page.
Rydin, C., Wikström, N. & Bremer, B. 2017. Conflicting results from mitochondrial genomic data challenge current views of Rubiaceae phylogeny. American Journal of Botany 104(10): 1522-1532. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1700255 PDF Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Rubioideae Juss., 1789 is a subfamily of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae and contains about 7600 species in 27 tribes.

Anthospermeae Cham. & Schltdl. ex DC.
Argostemmateae Bremek. ex Verdc.
Clarkelleae Deb
Colletoecemateae Rydin & B.Bremer
Coussareeae Hook.f.
Craterispermeae Verdc.
Cyanoneuroneae Razafim. & B.Bremer
Danaideae B.Bremer & Manen
Dunnieae Rydin & B.Bremer
Gaertnereae Bremek. ex S.P.Darwin
Knoxieae Hook.f.
Lasiantheae B.Bremer & Manen
Mitchelleae Razafim. & B.Bremer & Manen
Morindeae Miq.
Ophiorrhizeae Bremek. ex Verdc.
Paederieae DC.
Palicoureeae Robbr. & Manen
Perameae Bremek. ex S.P.Darwin
Prismatomerideae Y.Z.Ruan
Psychotrieae Cham. & Schltdl.
Rubieae Baill.
Schizocoleeae Rydin & B.Bremer
Schradereae Bremek.
Spermacoceae Cham. & Schltdl. ex DC.
Theligoneae Wunderlich ex S.P.Darwin
Urophylleae Bremek. ex Verdc.

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