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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Rubioideae
Tribus: Psychotrieae
Genera: AmaracarpusAnthorrhizaCalycosiaChaetostachydiumCoccochondraDolianthusGillespieaHedstromiaHydnophytumLecariocalyxMyrmecodiaMyrmephytumPeripeplusPsychotriaSquamellariaStreblosa


Psychotrieae Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 4: 4. (1829)

Type genus: Psychotria L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 929, 1364. (1759)

Note: Razafimandimbison et al. (2014) proposed most genera be synonymised under Psychotria s.l., but not all species combinations have been formally made and therefore the above list has to be accepted until this occurs. In addition, this is a view of Psychotrieae s.l. and may not stand up the further analyses.

Chamisso, L.K.A. von & Schlechtendal, D.F.L. 1829. Linnaea 4(1): 4.
Bremer, B. & Manen, J.F. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 225(1-4): 43-72. DOI: 10.1007/BF00985458 PDF Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Psychotrieae. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 17 2018.
Razafimandimbison, S.G., Rydin, C. & Bremer, B. 2008. Evolution and trends in the Psychotrieae alliance (Rubiaceae)—A rarely reported evolutionary change of many-seeded carpels from one-seeded carpels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(1): 207-223. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.03.034 PDF Corrigendum Reference page.
Razafimandimbison, S.G., Taylor, C.M., Wikström, N., Pailler, T., Khodabandeh, A. & Bremer, B. 2014. Phylogeny and generic limits in the sister tribes Psychotrieae and Palicoureeae (Rubiaceae): Evolution of schizocarps in Psychotria and origins of bacterial leaf nodules of the Malagasy species. American Journal of Botany 101(7): 1102-1126. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1400076 Open access PDF Reference page.
Razafimandimbison, S.G. Kainulainen, K. Wikström, N. & Bremer, B. 2017. Historical biogeography and phylogeny of the pantropical Psychotrieae alliance (Rubiaceae), with particular emphasis on the Western Indian Ocean Region. American Journal of Botany 104(9): 1407-1423. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1700116 Open access Reference page.
Taylor, C.M. 2011. The genus Coccochondra (neotropical Rubiaceae) expanded. Plant Ecology and Evolution 144(1): 115-118. Open access DOI: 10.5091/plecevo.2011.460 Reference page. Rubiaceae: Psychotrieae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 17.

Psychotrieae is a tribe of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae and contains about 2114 species in 17 genera. Its representatives are found in the tropics and subtropics.[1]

Currently accepted names[1][2][3][4][5]

Amaracarpus Blume (30 sp.) - Seychelles, from Andaman Islands to northern Vanuatu
Anthorrhiza C.R.Huxley & Jebb (9 sp.) - Papua New Guinea
Apomuria Bremek. (12 sp.) - Madagascar
Calycosia A.Gray (8 sp.) - New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Society Islands
Cremocarpon Boivin ex Baill. (9 sp.) - Comoros, Madagascar
Dolianthus C.H.Wright (13 sp.) - New Guinea
Gillespiea A.C.Sm. (1 sp.) - Fiji
Hydnophytum Jack (94 sp.) - Indo-China to southwestern Pacific region
Myrmecodia Jack (27 sp.) - from Vietnam to northern Australia
Myrmephytum Becc. (5 sp.) - Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea
Psychotria L. (1874 sp.) - tropics and subtropics
Ronabea Aubl. (3 sp.) - Tropical America
Squamellaria Becc. (4 sp.) - Fiji
Streblosa Korth. (25 sp.) - from Thailand to Malesia
Psathura Comm. ex A.Juss. (8 sp.) - Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Seychelles
Pyragra Bremek. (2 sp.) - Madagascar
Trigonopyren Bremek. (9 sp.) - Comoros, Madagascar


Antherura Lour. = Psychotria
Aucubiphyllum Ahlb. = Psychotria
Baldingera Dennst. = Psychotria
Callicocca Schreb. = Psychotria
Calycodendron A.C.Sm. = Psychotria
Camptopus Hook.f. = Psychotria
Cephaelis Sw. = Psychotria
Chesnea Scop. = Psychotria
Chicoinaea Comm. exDC. = Psathura
Coddingtonia S.Bowdich = Psychotria
Codonocalyx Miers ex Lindl. = Psychotria
Delpechia Montrouz. = Psychotria
Douarrea Montrouz. = Psychotria
Dychotria Raf. = Psychotria
Epidendroides Sol. = Myrmecodia
Eumorphanthus A.C.Sm. = Psychotria
Eurhotia Neck. = Psychotria
Furcatella Baum.-Bod. = Psychotria
Galvania Vand. = Psychotria
Gamotopea Bremek. = Psychotria
Grumilea Gaertn. = Psychotria
Hylacium P.Beauv. = Psychotria
Lasiostoma Benth. = Hydnophytum
Macrocalyx Miers ex Lindl. = Psychotria
Mapouria Aubl. = Psychotria
Megalopus K.Schum. = Psychotria
Melachone Gilli = Amaracarpus
Myrmedoma Becc. = Myrmephytum
Myrstiphylla Raf. = Psychotria
Myrstiphyllum P.Browne = Psychotria
Naletonia Bremek. = Psychotria
Neoschimpera Hemsl. = Amaracarpus
Petagomoa Bremek. = Psychotria
Pleureia Raf. = Psychotria
Polyozus Lour. = Psychotria
Psychotrion St.-Lag. = Psychotria
Psychotrophum P.Browne = Psychotria
Ronabia St.-Lag. = Psychotria
Stellix Noronha = Psychotria
Straussia A.Gray = Psychotria
Sulcanux Raf. = Psychotria
Suteria DC. = Psychotria
Tapogomea Aubl. = Psychotria
Trevirania Heynh. = Psychotria
Uragoga Baill. = Psychotria


"World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved 21 April 2016.
Robbrecht E, Manen JF (2006). "The major evolutionary lineages of the coffee family (Rubiaceae, angiosperms). Combined analysis (nDNA and cpDNA) to infer the position of Coptosapelta and Luculia, and supertree construction based on rbcL, rps16, trnL-trnF and atpB-rbcL data. A new classification in two subfamilies, Cinchonoideae and Rubioideae". Systematic Geography of Plants. 76: 85–146.
Bremer B (2009). "A review of molecular phylogenetic studies of Rubiaceae". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 96: 4–26. doi:10.3417/2006197. S2CID 53378010.
Bremer B, Eriksson E (2009). "Time tree of Rubiaceae: phylogeny and dating the family, subfamilies, and tribes". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 170 (6): 766–793. doi:10.1086/599077. S2CID 49332892.
Razafimandimbison SG, Taylor CM, Wikström N, Pailler T, Khodabandeh A, Bremer, B (2014). "Phylogeny and generic limits in the sister tribes Psychotrieae and Palicoureeae (Rubiaceae): Evolution of schizocarps in Psychotria and origins of bacterial leaf nodules of the Malagasy species". American Journal of Botany. 101 (7): 1102–1126. doi:10.3732/ajb.1400076. PMID 25049266.

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