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Genista aetnensis

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Genisteae
Genus: Genista
Subgenus: G. subg. Spartocarpus
Sectio: G. sect. Spartocarpus
Species: Genista aetnensis
Subspecies: G. a. subsp. fraisseorum – G. a. subsp. sarda

Genista aetnensis (Raf. ex Biv.) DC., 1825

Dendrospartum aetnense (Biv.) Spach
Dendrospartum sardoum Spach ex Walp.
Drymospartum aetnense (Biv.) C.Presl
Genista trisperma Spach
Lugaion etnense (Biv.) Raf.
Spartium aetnense Biv.
Spartium etnensis Raf.
Spartium trispermum Sm.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southern Europe
Introduced into:

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum, specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta. Pars 2: Sistens Calyciflorarum ordines X. 644 pp. Treuttel et Würtz, Parisiis [Paris]. BHL Reference page. : 2:150.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Genista aetnensis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jan 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Genista aetnensis. Published online. Accessed: Jan 18 2021. 2021. Genista aetnensis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 18 Jan 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Genista aetnensis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jan 18. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Genista aetnensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
italiano: Ginestra dell'Etna
sardu: Adanu

Genista aetnensis, the Mount Etna broom,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is a large shrub or small tree endemic to Sicily and Sardinia where it is associated with sunny, open landscapes and poor, stony soil. It is a very common constituent of the garigue plant communities, Mediterranean shrubby vegetation, around the lower slopes of Mount Etna, hence its Latin specific epithet aetnensis.[3]

The young plant is typical of brooms, clothed in narrow linear leaves which soon drop off leaving almost bare branches. As it ages the shrub develops into a shapely small tree with a greenish bark, growing to 8 metres (26 ft) if given room to develop. The terminal branches have a tendency to droop and weep. Abundant pea-like, yellow, jasmine-scented flowers cover the whole crown in late summer.[4]

It is sometimes grown in gardens and landscaping, both for flower and for its attractive shape when mature. It is hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F). In cultivation in the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5][6]
See also

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub


Rivers, M.C.; Beech, E. (2017). "Genista aetnensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T79727282A79727286. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T79727282A79727286.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
"Genista aetnensis". RHS. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 42. Retrieved 27 February 2018.

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