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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Robinieae
Genus: Gliricidia
Species: G. brenningii – G. ehrenbergii – G. maculata – G. robustum – G. sepium

Gliricidia Kunth, 1842

Type species: Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Walp. Repert. Bot. Syst. 1(4): 679. (1842)


Hybosema Harms Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 66. (1923)
Yucaratonia Burkart (1969)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Mexico to Peru
Belize, Brazil North, Brazil South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Southwest Caribbean
Introduced into:
Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Florida, French Guiana, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Kunth, K.S. in W.G.Walpers, 1842. Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 679

Additional references

Lavin, M., Wojciechowski, M.F., Gasson, P., Hughes, C. & Wheeler, E. 2003. Phylogeny of robinioid legumes (Fabaceae) revisited: Coursetia and Gliricidia recircumscribed, and a biogeographical appraisal of the Caribbean endemics. Systematic Botany 28(2): 387–409. DOI: 10.1043/0363-6445-28.2.387 PDF Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gliricidia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Gliricidia. Published online. Accessed: May 29 2021. 2021. Gliricidia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 29.
Hassler, M. 2021. Gliricidia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 29. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Gliricidia. Accessed: 29 May 2021.

Vernacular names
čeština: Gliricidie
English: Quickstick
Tiếng Việt: Chi Đào đậu
中文: 藩篱豆属

Gliricidia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae and tribe Robinieae. Its native range is Mexico to Peru, but Gliricidia sepium has been widely introduced to other tropical zones.[2]

The species G. sepium is a small, deciduous, ornamental tree, cultivated and used for a variety of purposes in tropical regions. The genus name Gliricidia means "mouse killer" in reference to the traditional use of the toxic seeds and bark of G. sepium as rodenticides.[3] The tree is leafless when in flower and bears fruits during April and May in India and countries with same climate. The small flowers (barely 2 cm long) are pale pink and they are borne in dense clusters on bare twigs. Flowers fade to white or a faint purple with age. The flowers attract a lot of bees and some lycaenid butterflies—particularly the Peablue Lampides boeticus and other native birds.

The following species are valid:[1]

Gliricidia brenningii (Harms) Lavin
Gliricidia ehrenbergii (Schltdl.) Rydb.
Gliricidia maculata (H. B. K.) Steud.
Gliricidia robustum (M. Sousa & Lavin) Lavin
Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.


Lavin M, Wojciechowski MF, Gasson P, Hughes C, Wheeler E (2003). "Phylogeny of Robinioid Legumes (Fabaceae) Revisited: Coursetia and Gliricidia Recircumscribed, and a Biogeographical Appraisal of the Caribbean Endemics" (PDF). Systematic Botany. 28 (2): 387–409. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-28.2.387 (inactive 31 October 2021).
Plants of the World Online (POWO): Gliricidia Kunth (retrieved 28 June 2020)
Abulude, F.O; Adebote, V.T. (2009). "Antibacterial investigation of crude extracts of the root bark of Gliricidia sepium". Continental J. Microbiology (3): 23–26. S2CID 14135175.

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