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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Glycininae
Genus: Glycine
Subgenera: G. subg. Glycine – G. subg. Soya

Species: G. albicans – G. aphyonota – G. arenaria – G. argyrea – G. canescens – G. clandestina – G. curvata – G. cyrtoloba – G. dolichocarpa – G. falcata – G. gracei – G. hirticaulis – G. koidzumii – G. lactovirens – G. latifolia – G. latrobeana – G. max – G. microphylla – G. montis-douglas – G. peratosa – G. pindanica – G. pullenii – G. remota – G. rubiginosa – G. stenophita – G. syndetika – G. tabacina – G. tomentella
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Glycine in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Glycine. Accessed: 16 May 2021.


Glycine Willd. (1802), nom. cons.

Type species: Glycine clandestina Wendl.


Glycine L. = Pueraria DC.


Bujacia E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 127 (1836)
Cadelium Medik.
Chrystolia Montrouz. ex Beauvis.
Johnia Wight & Arn., Prod. 449 (1834)
Kennedynella Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 845 (1840)
Leptocyamus Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 18: (1839) 209, adnot.
Leptolobium Benth., Comm. Leg. Gen. (Ann. Wien. Mus. 2: 124: 1839). 60 (1837)
Soja Moench, Meth 153 (1794) (Soia)
Triendilix Raf., New Fl. Am. 1: 85 (1836)

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia to Australia
Amur, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Fiji, Galápagos, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Laos, Manchuria, Marianas, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Philippines, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, South Australia, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Xinjiang
Introduced into:
Alabama, Assam, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central European Russia, Chad, Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Iraq, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, North European Russia, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Samoa, South European Russia, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vermont, West Himalaya

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Primary references

Willdenow, C.L. 1802. Species Plantarum. Editio quarta. Tomus 3, pars 2. pp. [851]–1474. Berolini: G.C. Nauk. BHL Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : ed. 4. 3(2): 1053.

Additional references

Hermann, F.J. 1962. A revision of the genus Glycine and its immediate allies, Technical Bulletin, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC., No 1268. 82 p [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Glycine in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Glycine. Published online. Accessed: May 16 2021. 2021. Glycine. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16.
Hassler, M. 2021. Glycine. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Glycine. Accessed: 16 May 2021.

Vernacular names
čeština: Sója
English: soybean
español: soja
suomi: Soijapavut
hrvatski: Soja
日本語: ダイズ属
lietuvių: Soja
polski: Soja
русский: Соя
svenska: Sojabönssläktet
Tiếng Việt: Chi Đậu tương
中文: 大豆属

Glycine (soybean or soya bean) is a genus in the bean family Fabaceae. The best known species is the cultivated soybean (Glycine max). While the majority of the species are found only in Australia, the soybean's native range is in East Asia. A few species extend from Australia to East Asia (e.g., G. tomentella and G. tabacina).

Glycine species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species: the engrailed, nutmeg and turnip moths have all been recorded on soybean.


Subgenus Glycine[1][2]

Glycine albicans Tindale & Craven
Glycine aphyonota B.E.Pfeil
Glycine arenaria Tindale
Glycine argyrea Tindale
Glycine canescens F.J.Herm.
Glycine clandestina J.C.Wendl.
Glycine curvata Tindale
Glycine cyrtoloba Tindale
Glycine falcata Benth.
Glycine gracei B.E.Pfeil & Craven
Glycine hirticaulis Tindale & Craven
G. hirticaulis subsp. leptosa B.E.Pfeil
Glycine lactovirens Tindale & Craven
Glycine latifolia (Benth.) C.Newell & Hymowitz
Glycine latrobeana (Meissner) Benth.
Glycine microphylla (Benth.) Tindale
Glycine montis-douglas B.E.Pfeil & Craven
Glycine peratosa B.E.Pfeil & Tindale
Glycine pescadrensis Hayata
Glycine pindanica Tindale & Craven
Glycine pullenii B.E.Pfeil, Tindale & Craven
Glycine remota M.D.Barrett & R.L.Barrett
Glycine rubiginosa Tindale & B.E.Pfeil
Glycine stenophita B.E.Pfeil & Tindale
Glycine syndetika B.E.Pfeil & Craven
Glycine tabacina (Labill.) Benth.
Glycine tomentella Hayata

Subgenus Soja (Moench) F.J. Herm.

Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc.
Glycine max (L.) Merr. (The Soybean)


Genus Glycine Willd., Plants Database, US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service

Recent taxonomic references

Barrett, R. L. and M. D. Barrett. (2015). Twenty-seven new species of vascular plants from Western Australia. Nuytsia 26, 21–87.
Pfeil, B. E., et al. (2006). Three new species of northern Australian Glycine (Fabaceae, Phaseolae), G. gracei, G. montis-douglas and G. syndetika. Australian Systematic Botany 19, 245–258.
Pfeil, B. E. and L. A. Craven. (2002). New taxa in Glycine (Fabaceae: Phaseoleae) from north-western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 15, 565–573.
Pfeil, B. E., et al. (2001). A review of the Glycine clandestina species complex (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) reveals two new species. Australian Systematic Botany 14, 891–900.
Pfeil, B. E. and M. D. Tindale. (2001). Glycine. in Flora of NSW, revised edition. Vol. 2. Harden, G. (ed.). Sydney, NSW University Press.
Doyle, J. J., et al. (2000). Confirmation of shared and divergent genomes in the Glycine tabacina polyploid complex (Leguminosae) using histone H3-D sequences. Systematic Botany 25, 437–448.
Tindale, M. D. and L. A. Craven. (1993). Glycine pindanica (Fabaceae: Phaseolae), a new species from west Kimberley, Western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 6, 371–376.
Tindale, M. D. and L. A. Craven. (1988). Three new species of Glycine (Fabaceae: Phaseolae) from North-western Australia, with notes on amphicarpy in the genus. Australian Systematic Botany 1, 399–410.
Tindale, M. D. (1986). Taxonomic notes on three Australian and Norfolk Island species of Glycine Willd. (Fabaceae: Phaseolae) including the choice of a neotype for G. clandestina Wendl. Brunonia 9, 179–191.
Tindale, M. D. (1984). Two new eastern Australian species of Glycine Willd. (Fabaceae). Brunonia 7, 207–213.
Newell, C. A. and T. Hymowitz. (1980). A taxonomic revision on the genus Glycine subgenus Glycine (Leguminosae). Brittonia 32, 63–69.
Hermann, F. J. (1962). A revision of the genus Glycine and its immediate allies. Tech. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1268.

Older taxonomic references

Hayata. (1920). Ic. Pl. Formos. 9: 29.
Bentham, G. (1864). Glycine. Fl. Austral. 2: 242–245.


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