Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Mirbelieae
Genus: Gompholobium
Species: G. amplexicaule – G. aristatum – G. aspalathoides – G. asperulum – G. baxteri – G. burtonioides – G. capitatum – G. cinereum – G. confertum – G. cyaninum – G. drummondii – G. eatoniae – G. ecostatum – G. foliolosum – G. gairdnerianum – G. glabratum – G. glutinosum – G. gompholobioides – G. grandiflorum – G. hendersonii – G. huegelii – G. inconspicuum – G. karijini – G. knightianum – G. latifolium – G. laxum – G. marginatum – G. minus – G. muticum – G. nitidum – G. obcordatum – G. oreophilum – G. ovatum – G. pinnatum – G. polymorphum – G. polyzygum – G. preissii – G. pungens – G. roseum – G. scabrum – G. shuttleworthii – G. simplicifolium – G. subulatum – G. tomentosum – G. uncinatum – G. venustum – G. villosum – G. virgatum – G. viscidulum – G. wonganense –
Source(s) of checklist:

Gompholobium Sm., 1798

Burtonia R.Br.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Papuasia
New Guinea
Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Smith, J.E., 1798. Trans. Linn. Soc. 4: 220

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gompholobium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Gompholobium. Published online. Accessed: Mar 11 2021. 2021. Gompholobium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 11.
Hassler, M. 2021. Gompholobium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar 11. Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: بازيلاء إسفينية
čeština: Gomfolobium

Gompholobium, commonly known as glory peas or wedge-peas, is a genus of plants in the pea family, Fabaceae and is endemic to Australia. Most species have compound leaves composed of three leaflets and all have ten stamens which are free from each other and a distinctive arrangement of their sepals.


Plants in the genus Gompholobium mostly have leaves composed of three separate leaflets but some species have simple leaves and others have pinnate leaves. The leaflets are arranged alternately along the stems and are usually narrow and have smooth edges. The flowers are usually arranged in groups on the ends of the branches, sometimes singly or in pairs. The sepals form a short tube with five lobes longer than the tube. The large "standard" petal at the back of the flower is circular to kidney-shaped and is larger than the other petals. There are ten free stamens and the ovary is glabrous. The fruit is an oblong to almost spherical legume containing two to many ovules.[3][4]
G. ecostatum growing in Anglesea Heath
Taxonomy and naming

The genus Gompholobium was first formally described in 1798 by James Edward Smith and the description was published in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.[1][5] In 2008, Gompholobium grandiflorum was designated the lectotype.[2] The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek words gomphos, meaning "bolt", "peg", or "nail"[6]: 545  and lobos meaning a "capsule" or "pod"[6]: 118  referring to "the inflated shape of the seed pods".[7]

Glory peas are found in all states of Australia.

The following is a list of species accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at July 2021:[8]

Gompholobium aristatum Benth. (W.A.)
Gompholobium aspalathoides A.Cunn. ex Benth. (N.S.W., Qld.)
Gompholobium baxteri Benth. (W.A.)
Gompholobium burtonioides Meisn. (W.A.)
Gompholobium capitatum A.Cunn. (W.A.)
Gompholobium cinereum Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium confertum (DC.) Crisp (W.A.)
Gompholobium cyaninum Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium ecostatum Kuchel — dwarf wedge-pea (Vic., S.A., Tas.)
Gompholobium foliolosum Benth. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Gompholobium gairdnerianum Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium glabratum DC. – dainty wedge-pea (W.A.)
Gompholobium glutinosum Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium gompholobioides (F.Muell.) Crisp (W.A.)
Gompholobium grandiflorum Sm. (N.S.W.)
Gompholobium hendersonii Paxton (W.A.)
Gompholobium huegelii Benth. – common wedge-pea (Qld., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
Gompholobium inconspicuum Crisp – creeping wedge-pea (N.S.W., Vic.)
Gompholobium karijini Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium knightianum Lindl. (W.A.)
Gompholobium latifolium Sm. – giant wedge-pea (N.S.W.)
Gompholobium laxum (Benth.) Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium marginatum R.Br. (W.A.)
Gompholobium minus Sm. – dwarf wedge-pea (N.S.W.)
Gompholobium muticum (Benth.) Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium nitidum Sol. ex Benth. (Qld.)
Gompholobium obcordatum Turcz. (W.A.)
Gompholobium oreophilum C.F.Wilkins & Trudgen (W.A.)
Gompholobium ovatum Meisn. (W.A.)
Gompholobium pinnatum Sm. – pinnate wedge-pea (Qld., N.S.W.)
Gompholobium polymorphum R.Br. (W.A.)
Gompholobium polyzygum F.Muell. (W.A., N.T.)
Gompholobium preissii Meisn. (W.A.)
Gompholobium pungens Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium roseum Chappill (W.A.)
Gompholobium scabrum Sm. (W.A.)
Gompholobium shuttleworthii Meisn. (W.A.)
Gompholobium simplicifolium (F.Muell. & Tate) Crisp (W.A., N.T.)
Gompholobium subulatum Benth. (W.A., N.T.)
Gompholobium tomentosum Labill. – hairy yellow pea (W.A.)
Gompholobium uncinatum A.Cunn. ex Benth. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Gompholobium venustum R.Br. – handsome wedge-pea (W.A.)
Gompholobium villosum (Meisn.) Crisp (W.A.)
Gompholobium virgatum Sieber ex DC. – leafy wedge pea (N.S.W., Qld.)
Gompholobium viscidulum Meisn.
Gompholobium wonganense Chappill


Toxicity of plants of the genus was suspected and proven to be fatal to sheep, goats and other livestock introduced by the pastoralists at the Swan River Colony. This was reported by James Drummond in Hooker's London journal of botany 1842.[9]

"Gompholobium". APNI. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
"Gompholobium". APNI. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
Wiecek, Barbara. "Genus Gompholobium". Royal botanic Garden Sydney: plantnet. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
Payne, William H. "Gompholobium: The Glory Peas". Australian Native Plants Society Australia. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
Smith, James Edward (1798). "The Characters of Twenty New Genera of Plants". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 4: 220. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
"Gompholobium latifolium". Australian Native Plants Society Australia. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
"Gompholobium". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
Drummond, James (1842). Hooker, William Jackson (ed.). "Extracts from a letter from Mr. James Drummond". The London Journal of Botany : Containing Figures and Descriptions of Such Plants as Recommend Themselves by Their Novelty, Rarity, History, or Uses : Together with Botanical Notices and Information and And Occasional Portraits and Memoirs of Eminent Botanists. 1: 95.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World