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Hedera nepalensis

Hedera nepalensis , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genus: Hedera
Species: Hedera nepalensis

Hedera nepalensis K.Koch, Hort. Dendrol. 284.t.75. 1853.

Hedera helix var. chrysocarpa DC., Prodr. 4: 261 (1830), nom. illeg.
Cissus wallichiana Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(1): 416 (1858).
Hedera helix var. himalaica Hibberd, Fl. World 7: 57 (1864).
Hedera helix var. cinerea Hibberd, Ivy: 71 (1872).
Hedera himalaica (Hibberd) Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 62: 164 (1890).
Hedera cinerea (Hibberd) Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles: 608 (1912).
Hedera himalaica Tobler, Hedera: 67 (1912), nom. illeg.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asie
Afghanistan; Assam; East Himalaya; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Thailand; West Himalaya

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Koch, K. 1853. Hortus Dendrologicus. xvi, 354 pp., Berlin: F. Schneider & Co. MDZ Reference page. : 284. t.75.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Hedera nepalensis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Hedera nepalensis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Hedera nepalensis. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 21 2018. 2018. Hedera nepalensis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 21.

Hedera nepalensis (Himalayan ivy, chang chun teng) is a species of perennial Ivy (genus Hedera) native to Nepal and Bhutan, as well as Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, at altitudes of about 1000–3000 m. Plants grow up to 30 m in height, with simple leaves ranging from 2–15 cm long, and yellow flowers.

1 Morphology
2 Ecology
3 Synonyms
4 References


Stem: creeping or climbing to a height of 30 m with adventitious roots. Evergreen foliage, dark green, glossy, lighter underneath, glabrous, leathery, lanceolate, oval, to klapowanych (flaps odd, usually 3, triangular), u heart-shaped base of the wedge, the top slightly pointed or blunt. Flowers: bisexual, small, 5-fold, meeting within the fond owate panicles. Flower stalks (length 7–12 mm) and Flowering hairy. Chalice entire edges, retained. Petals yellow crown. Stamens 5, anthers 1–2 mm long. Pillar short neck, single, Fruit is a drupes, flattened, 5–7 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, with orange to red.

The plant blooms from October to April.

Plant toxic, all parts are poisonous because they contain saponins (e.g. hederynę), which are irritating to the skin, and conjunctiva of eyes, and after ingestion induce gastrointestinal nervous system, disturbances. Can occur hemolysis and erythrocytes.

It occurs mostly in moist soil in shade, at the height of 1000–3000 m as climbs over rocks and tree trunks by adventitious roots, rarely used as a ground cover or decorative climber in gardens and parks. Resistance to frost apparently large (up to 8 zones USDA).

There are two varieties or subspecies:[1]

Hedera nepalensis var. nepalensis
''Hedera nepalensis K. Koch var. Sinensis (Tobler) Rehder - occurs in the China.


Hedera cinerea
Hedera himalaica
Hedera helix var. chrysocarpa
Hedera helix var. cinerea
Hedera helix var. himalaica


"Hedera nepalensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 August 2008.

eFloras entry
Hort. dendrol. 284, t. 75. 1854.
Ackerfield, J. 2001. Trichome morphology in Hedera (Araliaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58:259–267.
Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
Lawrence, G. H. M. & A. E. Schulze. 1942. The cultivated Hederas. Gentes Herb. 6:107–173.
Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.

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