Fine Art

Helianthus strumosus

Helianthus strumosus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Heliantheae
Subtribus: Helianthinae
Genus: Helianthus
Species: Helianthus strumosus

Helianthus strumosus L., 1753

Helianthus altissimus DC.
Helianthus australis Small
Helianthus decapitatus L.
Helianthus laevis Walt.
Helianthus macrophyllus Willd.
Helianthus mollis Willd.
Helianthus montanus E. E. Wats.
Helianthus neglectus Otto ex A. Gray
Helianthus saxicola Small
Helianthus strumosus subsp. decapitatus (L.) Anashchenko


Helianthus strumosus Willd. = H. decapetalus

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Canada (Ontario, Quebec), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 905. Reference page.


International Plant Names Index. 2018. Helianthus strumosus. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 08 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Helianthus strumosus in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 08. 2018. Helianthus strumosus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 08.
Hassler, M. 2018. Helianthus strumosus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Feb. 08. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Helianthus strumosus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: hairy sunflower

Helianthus strumosus, the pale-leaf woodland sunflower,[2] is a species of sunflower native to North America east of the Great Plains and is in the family Asteraceae.[3] It is a native perennial sunflower that resembles other members of this family including the Pale Sunflower (H. decapetalus), Woodland Sunflower (H. divaricatus), Hispid Sunflower (H. hirsutus), and Jerusalem Artichoke (H. tuberosus).[4] Pale-leaf sunflowers can be found in a diverse range of habitats including woodland areas, prairies, and meadows, providing that these habitats have access to partial sun.[5]

Helianthus strumosus definitively smooth stem

Growing from a rhizomatous root system, H. strumosus grows from three to eight feet in height. The pale-leaf sunflower can be difficult to distinguish since it is the most variable of the sunflowers. Some distinguishing features include the petioles, leaves, and stem. The petioles are an inch in length. The leaves tend to be thick and more narrow than other species.[4] The leaves are white underneath.[6] H. strumosus also has a definitively smooth stem.[7] The flower head of H. strumosus has a yellow center surrounded by a variable (usually 8-20) number of yellow ray florets.[6]

Helianthus strumosus is a widely distributed in North America. It is found in the central and eastern United States, and southeastern parts of Canada. It is found more regularly in non-wetland areas, although it can occur in wetlands. The woodland sunflower is normally found in moist to moderately moist and sandy to loamy sandy areas.[5] H. strumosus grows in natural, disturbed, and man-made habitats. The population can quickly become dense.[8] These flowers must go through a minimum 30 day cold stratification before they are able to germinate.[5]

Helianthus strumosus has been known to be attacked by the pyreno mycetous fungus Gibberidea heliopsis.[9] This fungus attacks not only various species of the Heliantheae tribe, but also within the Astereae tribes. The fungus has been found in the southern parts of Wisconsin with Helianthus strumosus being one of the fungus primary target. The Gibberidea disease is most recognized on Helianthus strumosus with black lesions running along the side or encircling the stem of the flower.[9] Another distinguishing feature of the disease are papillate surface of mature lesions that can be seen with a hand lens since the fungal papillae breaks through or replaces the epidermis.[9] The first symptoms of the disease are seen around late May and occur on the sides of young leaf blades.[9]

The roots of H. strumosus are one of the only edible parts of the plant. They can be boiled down to make a liquor that has been used to treat adults and children with worms.[10] The roots can also be used to make an infusion to help with lung related problems.[10] Seeds from this sunflower can be used to make an oil for cooking and soap making.[11]

"eFlore – Tela Botanica". Retrieved 14 March 2019.
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Helianthus strumosus". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
"Helianthus strumosus". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
Antonio, Thomas M; Masi, Susanne (2013). The Sunflower Family in the Upper Midwest: a Photographic Guide to the Asteraceae in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. ISBN 978-1-883362-12-6. OCLC 1040764069.
"Pale-leaf Woodland Sunflower, Helianthus strumosus L." Retrieved 2019-12-01.
"Helianthus strumosus (Woodland Sunflower)". Retrieved 2019-12-01.
"Friends of The Wild Flower Garden Home Page". Retrieved 2019-12-02.
"Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower): Go Botany". Retrieved 2019-12-01.
Mason, D. L. (September 1973). "Host-Parasite Relations in the Gibberidea Disease of Helianthus strumosus". Mycologia. 65 (5): 1158–1170. doi:10.2307/3758295. ISSN 0027-5514. JSTOR 3758295.
"Helianthus strumosus Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower PFAF Plant Database". Retrieved 2019-12-02.
"Helianthus strumosus". Morning Sky Greenery. Retrieved 2019-12-02.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World