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Helichrysum stoechas

Helichrysum stoechas (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Gnaphalieae
Genus: Helichrysum
Species: Helichrysum stoechas
Subspecies: H. s. subsp. barrelieri – H. s. subsp. stoechas

Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench, Methodus. 575 (1794).

Moench, C. 1794. Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis. 780 pp., Marburgi Cattorum: Nova Libraria Academiae. BHL Reference page.


International Plant Names Index. 2018. Helichrysum stoechas. Published online. Accessed: January 19 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Helichrysum stoechas in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 January 19. 2018. Helichrysum stoechas. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 19 January 2018.
Hassler, M. 2018. Helichrysum stoechas. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 January 19. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Helichrysum stoechas in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
català: Ramell de Sant Ponç
Deutsch: Mittelmeer-Strohblume

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Αθάνατον, Δάκρυα της Παναγίας, Κλάματα

English: Common shrubby everlasting
español: Perpetua
suomi: Ryytiolkikukka
français: Immortelle commune
italiano: Stocade
Türkçe: Guddeme çiçeği

Helichrysum stoechas, known as Mediterranean strawflower, curry plant, or eternal flower, is an annual or perennial shrub (depending on locale) that prefers dry, rocky and sandy areas. It can grow up to 120 centimeters (47 inches) in height, and spreads over 1 square meter (3 feet 3 inches) in area. It is a hermaphrodite that has grayish green leaves and produces small globular yellow flowers sometimes in the Spring or in July and August that are pollinated by insects. [1]

Extracts of Helichrysum stoechas have been used in traditional medicine to treat colds, as a nerve tonic, to reduce inflammation, and facilitate the healing of bruises. [2] There have been a number of studies of the phytochemical and pharmacological properties of the constituents of its flowers, stems and foliage which have confirmed that it has an inhibitory effect on some bacteria and viruses. [3]

Due to the intense fragrance of its leaves and flowers, Helichrysum stoechas is used in perfumery and aromatherapy as a fixative in both its essential oil and floral absolute form. Like other Helichrysums, it has a warm, sweet, caramellic hay, fruity, honey, tobacco, tonka organoleptic profile. [4]

The essential oil (CAS Registry Number 91845-22-6) is typically produced in Southern Europe around the Mediterranean, and the floral absolutes are produced in Egypt. The predominant active constituents are nerol acetate, curcumin, pinene, limonene, kaempherol, quercetin, luteolin, linalool, and geraniol, in addition to other flavonoids, sesquiterpenes and hydrocarbons.[3] [5]

"Helichrysum stoechas". PFAF Plant Database.
Bown, Deni (1995). Encyclopedia of herbs & their uses (1st American ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7513-020-31.
Roussis, Vassilios; Tsoukatou, Maria; Chinou, Ioanna B.; Harvala, Catherine (1 November 2002). "Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils of Two Helichrysum stoechas Varieties Growing in the Island of Crete". Journal of Essential Oil Research. 14 (6): 459–461. doi:10.1080/10412905.2002.9699920. ISSN 1041-2905. S2CID 84722488.
"The Good Scents Company - Aromatic/Hydrocarbon/Inorganic Ingredients Catalog information". Retrieved 7 March 2021.
Ascensão, Lia; Silva, Jaime A. T. Da; Barroso, José G.; Figueiredo, A. Cristina; Pedro, Luis G. (1 January 2001). "Glandular trichomes and essential oils of Helichrysum stoechas". Israel Journal of Plant Sciences. 49 (2): 115–122. doi:10.1560/f85y-yen4-9vtf-b1aj.

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