Fine Art

Fabaceae - Hippocrepis emerus-1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Loteae
Genus: Hippocrepis
Species: Hippocrepis emerus
Subspecies: H. e. subsp. emeroides – H. e. subsp. emerus

Hippocrepis emerus (L.) Lassen, 1989

Coronilla emerus L.
Coronilla florida Salisb.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Albaniae, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Italy, Krym, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Germany, Switzerland
Regional: Northern Europe
Norway, Sweden
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Cors, France, Spain
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Western Asia
Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Turkey
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Libya, Tunisia
Introduced into:
California, Denmark, Transcaucasus

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Lassen, P. 1989. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift Utgifven af Svenska Botaniska Foreningen. Stockholm 83: 86.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Hippocrepis emerus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Feb 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Hippocrepis emerus. Published online. Accessed: Feb 19 2021. 2021. Hippocrepis emerus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 19 Feb 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Hippocrepis emerus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Feb 19. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hippocrepis emerus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
čeština: čičorečka vratič, čičorečka ladná
English: Scorpion Senna
suomi: Pensashevonpalko
français: Coronille des jardins
македонски: Зајачковина

Hippocrepis emerus, the scorpion senna,[1] is a species of perennial plant belonging to the genus Hippocrepis in the family Fabaceae.


Hippocrepis emerus reaches on average 50–150 centimetres (20–59 in) of height, with a maximum of 200 centimetres (79 in). The plant has a lignified stem with green branches bearing five to nine leaflets. These leaves are glossy, obovate, and imparipinnate, with their maximum width being above the middle and often larger extremities. The pale yellow flowers are arranged in groups of 1 to 5, and measure 14–20 millimetres (0.55–0.79 in) long. The petals are "nailed", meaning they have a long handle ("nail") and a "plate". The nails of the petals are two to three times longer than the calyx. These plants are hermaphroditic and entomophilous, and their flowering period extends from April through July. Their legumes (seed pods) are oblong-cylindrical and 5–11 centimetres (2.0–4.3 in) long, with three to twelve segments.

This plant occurs in northeastern Spain and in central Mediterranean countries up to northern Europe and to Asia Minor and Tunisia.

These shrubs are usually found in wooded and bushy areas, on sunny, warm and dry slopes and around forest edges. They can be found at an altitude of 0–1,850 metres (0–6,070 ft).
Food source

H. emerus is one of the main host plants of the moth Zygaena ephialtes. [2]


BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.

"Habitat requirements of conspicuous burnet moth Zygaena ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767; Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-11-16.

Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia - Edagricole – 1982. vol. III
Tutin, T. G., eds. 1964 -1980 - Flora europaea

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World