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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Brongniartieae
Genus: Hovea
Species: H. acanthoclada – H. acutifolia – H. angustissima – H. apiculata – H. arnhemica – H. asperifolia – H. chorizemifolia – H. clavata – H. corrickiae – H. cymbiformis – H. densivellosa – H. elliptica – H. graniticola – H. heterophylla – H. impressinervia – H. lanceolata – H. linearis – H. longifolia – H. longipes – H. lorata – H. magnibractea – H. montana – H. nana – H. nitida – H. pannosa – H. parvicalyx – H. pedunculata – H. planifolia – H. pungens – H. purpurea – H. ramulosa – H. rosmarinifolia – H. similis – H. speciosa – H. stricta – H. tasmanica – H. tholiformis – H. trisperma
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Hovea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Oct 29. Reference page.


Hovea R.Br., 1812

Type species: Hovea linearis (Sm.) R. Br. Lectotype designated by: Pfeiffer, L. K. G. 1874 [1874-1875]. Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 1673. sumptibus Theodori Fischeri, Kassel.


Phusicarpos Poir.
Plagiolobium Sweet
Platychilum Loisel.
Poiretia Sm.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brown, R. in W.T.Aiton, 1812. Hortus Kewensis; or, a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew 4: 275


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Hovea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Oct 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Hovea. Published online. Accessed: Oct 29 2020. 2020. Hovea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 29 Oct 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hovea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names

Hovea is a genus of about forty species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, and is endemic to Australia. Plants in this genus are sub-shrubs, shrubs or small trees with simple leaves and purple, blue or mauve flowers with a white centre. The fruit is a pod containing brown to blackish seeds. Species of Hovea occur in all Australian states, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.


Plants in the genus Hovea are sub-shrubs, shrubs or sometimes small trees. The leaves are arranged alternately and are simple, usually with stipules at the base and sometimes with prickly edges. The flowers are arranged in leaf axils with bracts, and two bracteoles at the base of the sepals. The upper two sepal lobes are usually joined to form a broad "lip". The petals are purple, blue or mauve, rarely white, and the standard petal is circular to oblate, longer than the wings and keel. The ten stamens are joined into a sheath open on the upper side, and differ in length. There are usually only two ovules in the ovary and the fruit is a spherical to oval pod. The seeds are usually 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) long and brown to black with an aril.[3][4][5][6]

The genus Hovea was first formally described in 1812 by Robert Brown in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, and the first species he described were H. linearis and H. longifolia[7][8] The genus name honours the Polish botanist and plant collector, Anton Pantaleon Hove.[9]

Species of Hovea occur in all states and mainland territories of Australia.[3][4][5][6][10]
Species list

The following is a list of species of Hovea accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at June 2021:[11]

Hovea acanthoclada (Turcz.) F.Muell. — thorny hovea (W.A.)
Hovea acutifolia A. Cunn. ex G. Don — northern hovea (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea angustissima I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea apiculata A. Cunn. ex G.Don (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea arnhemica J.H. Ross (N.T.)
Hovea asperifolia I. Thomps. (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.)
Hovea chorizemifolia DC. — holly-leaved hovea (W.A.)
Hovea clavata I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea corrickiae J.H. Ross (Vic., Tas.)
Hovea cymbiformis I. Thomps. (N.S.W.)
Hovea densivellosa I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea elliptica (Sm.) DC. — tree hovea (W.A.)
Hovea graniticola I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea heterophylla A. Cunn. ex Hook. f. (Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic., Tas.)
Hovea impressinerva I. Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea lanceolata Sims (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea linearis (Sm.) R. Br. — common hovea (S.A., Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea longifolia R.Br. — rusty pods, long-leaf hovea (N.S.W.)
Hovea longipes Benth. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea lorata I. Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea magnibractea I. Thomps. (Vic., Tas.)
Hovea montana (Hook. f.) J.H. Ross — mountain hovea, alpine rusty-pods, alpine hovea (N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic., Tas.)
Hovea nana I. Thomps. & J.H. Ross (Qld.)
Hovea nitida I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea pannosa A. Cunn. ex Hook. f. (N.S.W., Vic.)
Hovea parvicalyx I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea pedunculata I. Thomps. & J.H. Ross (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea planifolia (Domin) J.H. Ross (Qld.)
Hovea pungens Benth. — devil's pins (W.A.)
Hovea purpurea Sweet (S.A., N.S.W., Vic.)
Hovea ramulosa A. Cunn. ex Lindl. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea rosmarinifolia A. Cunn. — mountain beauty (N.S.W., Vic.)
Hovea similis I. Thomps. (Qld., N.S.W.)
Hovea speciosa I. Thomps. (N.S.W.)
Hovea stricta Meissner (W.A.)
Hovea tasmanica I. Thomps. & J.H. Ross (Tas.)
Hovea tholiformis I. Thomps. (Qld.)
Hovea trisperma Benth. — common hovea (W.A.)


"Hovea". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
Thompson IR, Ladiges PY, Ross JH (2001). "Phylogenetic studies of the tribe Brongniartieae (Fabaceae) using nuclear DNA (ITS-1) and morphological data". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 557–570. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.557 (inactive 28 February 2022). JSTOR 3093981.
"Genus Hovea". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
"Hovea Sm". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Hovea". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
Ross, James H. "Hovea". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
"Hovea". Australian Plant Name Index. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
Brown, Robert (1812). Aiton, William (ed.). Hortus Kewensis. Vol. 4. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. p. 275. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
Sharr, Francis Aubi; George, Alex (2019). Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings (3rd ed.). Kardinya, WA: Four Gables Press. p. 86. ISBN 9780958034180.
"Hovea". Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
"Hovea". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 27 June 2021.

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