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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Hypochaeridinae
Genus: Hypochaeris
Species: H. acaulis – H. achyrophorus – H. alba – H. albiflora – H. angustifolia – H. apargioides – H. arachnoides – H. arenaria – H. argentina – H. balbisii – H. caespitosa – H. catharinensis – H. chillensis – H. chondrilloides – H. chubutensis – H. ciliata – H. clarionoides – H. claryi – H. crepidioides – H. cretensis – H. cryptocephala – H. cupressorum – H. deserticola – H. echegarayi – H. elata – H. eremophila – H. eriolaena – H. facchiniana – H. foliosa – H. gardneri – H. gayana – H. glabra – H. glabrata – H. graminea – H. grandidentata – H. grisebachii – H. hispidula – H. hohenackeri – H. incana – H. laciniosa – H. laevigata – H. leontodontoides – H. lessingii – H. lutea – H. maculata – H. megapotamica – H. melanolepis – H. meyeniana – H. microcephala – H. montana – H. mucida – H. nahuelbutae – H. neopinnatifida – H. oligocephala – H. palustris – H. pampasica – H. parodii – H. patagonica – H. petiolaris – H. pilosa – H. radiata – H. radicata – H. robertia – H. rutea – H. saldensis – H. salzmanniana – H. sardoa – H. schizoglossa – H. scorzonerae – H. sessiliflora – H. setosa – H. sonchoides – H. spathulata – H. taraxacoides – H. tenerifolia – H. tenuiflora – H. tenuifolia – H. thermarum – H. thrincioides – H. toltensis – H. tropicalis – H. uniflora – H. variegata

Hypochaeris L. Sp. Pl. 1: 810. (1753)

Type species: Hypochaeris radicata L. Sp. Pl. 1: 810 (1753)


Piptopogon Cass. in F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., 48: 507. 1827.
Type species: P. decipiens Cass., nom. illeg.
Trommsdorffia Bernh., Syst. Verz. (Bernhardi) 102. 1800


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 810. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Hypochaeris. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 June 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Hypochaeris. Published online. Accessed: June 21 2018. 2018. Hypochaeris. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 June 21.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Жаўтакруг
dansk: Kongepen
Deutsch: Ferkelkräuter
English: Cat's-ears
suomi: Häränsilmät
Nordfriisk: Hingstkralen
français: Porcelle
italiano: Costolina
日本語: エゾコウゾリナ属
lietuvių: Džiugūnė
Nederlands: Biggenkruid
polski: Prosienicznik
Runa Simi: Philli-philli
русский: Пазник
中文: 貓耳菊屬

Hypochaeris is a genus of plants in the daisy family Asteraceae. Many species are known as cat's ear. These are annual and perennial herbs generally bearing flower heads with yellow ray florets. These plants may resemble or be confused with dandelions and so some are called false dandelions.

Estimates of the number of species range from about 50 [2] up to about 100.[3] Most species are native to South America, but some are found in Eurasia and North Africa.


Its name is derived from Greek ὑπό (under) and χοῖρος (young pig). Thus the name should be spelled Hypochoeris.


Hypochaeris acaulis
Hypochaeris achyrophorus
Hypochaeris alba
Hypochaeris albiflora
Hypochaeris angustifolia
Hypochaeris apargioides
Hypochaeris arachnoides
Hypochaeris arenaria
Hypochaeris atlantica
Hypochaeris balbisii
Hypochaeris brasiliensis
Hypochaeris caespitosa
Hypochaeris catharinensis
Hypochaeris chillensis
Hypochaeris chondrilloides
Hypochaeris chubutensis
Hypochaeris ciliata
Hypochaeris clarionoides
Hypochaeris claryi
Hypochaeris confusa
Hypochaeris crepidioides
Hypochaeris cretensis
Hypochaeris cupressorum
Hypochaeris deserticola
Hypochaeris dolosa
Hypochaeris dubia
Hypochaeris echegarayi
Hypochaeris elata
Hypochaeris erecta
Hypochaeris eremophila
Hypochaeris eriolaena
Hypochaeris foliosa
Hypochaeris gayana
Hypochaeris glabra
Hypochaeris glabrata
Hypochaeris graminea
Hypochaeris grandidentata
Hypochaeris grandiflorus
Hypochaeris grisebachii
Hypochaeris helvetica
Hypochaeris hirta
Hypochaeris hispidula
Hypochaeris hohenackeri
Hypochaeris incana
Hypochaeris jussieui
Hypochaeris laciniosa
Hypochaeris leontodontoides
Hypochaeris lessingii
Hypochaeris linearifolia
Hypochaeris lutea
Hypochaeris maculata
Hypochaeris magellanica
Hypochaeris megapotamica
Hypochaeris melanolepis
Hypochaeris meyeniana
Hypochaeris microcephala
Hypochaeris montana
Hypochaeris mucida
Hypochaeris nahuelvutae
Hypochaeris neopinnatifida
Hypochaeris oligocephala
Hypochaeris palustris
Hypochaeris pampasica
Hypochaeris parvifolia
Hypochaeris patagonica
Hypochaeris petiolaris
Hypochaeris pilosa
Hypochaeris procumbens
Hypochaeris radiata
Hypochaeris radicata
Hypochaeris robertia
Hypochaeris rutea
Hypochaeris saldensis
Hypochaeris salzmanniana
Hypochaeris schizoglossa
Hypochaeris scorzonerae
Hypochaeris serioloides
Hypochaeris sessiliflora
Hypochaeris setosa
Hypochaeris shermanum
Hypochaeris sichorioides
Hypochaeris soratensis
Hypochaeris spathulata
Hypochaeris taraxacoides
Hypochaeris tenerifolia
Hypochaeris tenuiflora
Hypochaeris tenuifolia
Hypochaeris thermarum
Hypochaeris thrincioides
Hypochaeris toltensis
Hypochaeris tropicalis
Hypochaeris uniflora
Hypochaeris variegata
Hypochaeris webbii


"Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist". Archived from the original on 2014-12-08. Retrieved 2014-12-08.
Stebbins, G Ledyard (1971). Chromosomal evolution in higher plants. London: Edward Arnold. ISBN 0-7131-2287-0.

Tomb, A Spencer; K L Chambers; D W Kyhos; A M Powell; P H Rave (Aug 1978). "Chromosome Numbers in the Compositae. XIV. Lactuceae". American Journal of Botany. 65 (7): 717–21. doi:10.2307/2442146. JSTOR 2442146.

Other sources
Cerbah, M; T Souza-Chies; MF Jubier; B Lejeune; S Siljak-Yakovlev (March 1998). "Molecular phylogeny of the genus Hypochaeris using internal transcribed spacers of nuclear rDNA: inference for chromosomal evolution". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 15 (3): 345–354. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025931. PMID 9501501.
Cerbah, M; J Coulaud; Sc Brown; S Siljak-Yakovlev (March 1999). "Evolutionary DNA variation in the genus Hypochaeris". Heredity. 82 (3): 261–266. doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6884690. PMID 10336700.

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