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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Eupatorieae
Subtribus: Critoniinae
Genus: Koanophyllon
Species: K. adamantium – K. albicaule – K. andersonii – K. atroglandulosum – K. ayapanoides – K. baccharifolium – K. barahonense – K. breviflorum – K. bullescens – K. cabaionum – K. calcicola – K. celtidifolia – K. chabrense – K. chalceorithales – K. clementis – K. coixtlahuacum – K. concordianum – K. conglobatum – K. consanguineum – K. correlliorum – K. coulteri – K. delpechianum – K. dolicholepis – K. dolphinii – K. droserolepis – K. eitenii – K. ekmanii – K. flavidulum – K. flexile – K. fuscum – K. gabbii – K. galeanum – K. galeottii – K. gibbosum – K. gracilicaule – K. gracilipes – K. grandiceps – K. grisebachianum – K. guerreroana – K. gundlachii – K. hammatocladum – K. hardwarense – K. helianthemoides – K. heptaneurum – K. hidrodes – K. hintoniorum – K. hondurensis – K. hotteanum – K. huantae – K. hylonoma – K. hypomalaca – K. isillumense – K. iteophyllum – K. jaegerianum – K. jenssenii – K. jinotegense – K. jugipaniculatum – K. juninense – K. littorale – K. lobatifolia – K. longifolia – K. maestrense – K. mesoreopolum – K. microchaetum – K. minutifolium – K. miragoanae – K. monanthum – K. montanum – K. mornicola – K. muricatum – K. myrtilloides – K. nervosum – K. nudiflorum – K. obtusissimum – K. oligadenium – K. pachyneurum – K. palmeri – K. panamense – K. panamensis – K. paucicrenatum – K. peninsulare – K. phanioides – K. picardae – K. pitonianum – K. pittieri – K. pochutlana – K. polyodon – K. polystictum – K. porphyrocladum – K. prinodes – K. pseudoperfoliata – K. puberulum – K. quisqueyanum – K. ravenii – K. revealii – K. reversum – K. reyrobinsonii – K. rhexioides – K. richardsonii – K. rubroviolaceum – K. rzedowskii – K. sagasteguii – K. scabriusculum – K. sciatraphes – K. selleanum – K. semicrenatum – K. silvaticum – K. simile – K. simillimum – K. sinaloensis – K. solidaginifolium – K. solidaginoides – K. sorensenii – K. standleyi – K. subpurpureum – K. tapeinanthum – K. tatei – K. tetranthum – K. thysanolepis – K. tinctorium – K. tricephalotes – K. tripartitum – K. triradiatum – K. turquiensis – K. villosum – K. wetmorei
Name

Koanophyllon Arruda, Discurso Inst. Jard. Brasil 38. (1810)

Type species: Koanophyllon tinctorium Arruda, Discurso Inst. Jard. Brasil 38. (1810)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Neohintonia R.M.King & H.Rob., Phytologia 22(3): 143. (1971)

References

Arruda da Cámara, M. 1810. Discurso sobre a utilidade da Instituicao de jardins nas principais provincias do Brasil 38.
Ayers, T.J., Scott, R.W. & Turner, B.L. 1989. Systematic study of the monotypic genera Mexianthus and Neohintonia (Asteraceae: Eupatorieae). SIDA, Contributions to Botany 13(3): 335-344. JSTOR Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Koanophyllon. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Koanophyllon. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 11 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Koanophyllon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 11.

Koanophyllon is a genus of plants in the sunflower family.[1][2][3] They are perennials and shrubs (rarely vines or trees) and are native to South America, Central America, the West Indies, Mexico, with a few species range extending into the United States. The flowers are white to pinkish (rarely purple).[3]

Cuba alone has 21 endemic species, seven of which only grow in serpentine soils, and some of which accumulate minerals such as nickel and manganese.[4]

Species[5]

Koanophyllon adamantium - Brazil
Koanophyllon albicaulis - from Tamaulipas to Honduras
Koanophyllon andersonii - Goiás
Koanophyllon atroglandulosum - Cuba
Koanophyllon ayapanoides - Cuba
Koanophyllon baccharifolium - State of Rio de Janeiro
Koanophyllon barahonense - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon breviflorum - Cuba
Koanophyllon bullescens - Cuba
Koanophyllon cabaionum - Haiti
Koanophyllon calcicola - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon celtidifolia - Jamaica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
Koanophyllon chabrense - Haiti
Koanophyllon chalceorithales - Cuba
Koanophyllon clementis - Cuba
Koanophyllon coixtlahuacum - Oaxaca
Koanophyllon concordianum - Sinaloa
Koanophyllon conglobatum - Brazil
Koanophyllon consanguineum - southern Brazil
Koanophyllon constanzae - Dominican Republic
Koanophyllon correlliorum - Bahamas
Koanophyllon coulteri - Central America
Koanophyllon delpechianum - Haiti
Koanophyllon dolicholepis - Puerto Rico
Koanophyllon dolphinii - Jamaica
Koanophyllon droserolepis - Puerto Rico
Koanophyllon dukei - Panama
Koanophyllon eitenii - Goiás
Koanophyllon ekmanii - Cuba
Koanophyllon flavidulum - Haiti
Koanophyllon flexilis - Peru
Koanophyllon fuscum - Venezuela, Guyana
Koanophyllon gabbii - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon galeanum - Nuevo León
Koanophyllon galeottii - from Veracruz to Nicaragua
Koanophyllon gibbosum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon gracilicaule - Mexico
Koanophyllon gracilipes - Jamaica
Koanophyllon grandiceps - Cuba
Koanophyllon grisebachianum - Dominican Republic, Cuba
Koanophyllon guerreroanum - Guerrero
Koanophyllon gundlachii - Cuba
Koanophyllon hammatocladum - Jamaica
Koanophyllon hardwarense - Jamaica
Koanophyllon helianthemoides - Cuba
Koanophyllon heptaneurum - Dominican Republicc
Koanophyllon hidrodes - Cuba
Koanophyllon hintoniorum - Nuevo León
Koanophyllon hondurense - Honduras
Koanophyllon hotteanum - Haiti
Koanophyllon huantae - Peru
Koanophyllon hylonoma - Central America
Koanophyllon hypomalacum - Guatemala
Koanophyllon isillumense - Peru
Koanophyllon iteophyllum - Haiti
Koanophyllon jaegerianum - Haiti
Koanophyllon jenssenii - Haiti
Koanophyllon jugipaniculatum - Bolivia
Koanophyllon juninense - Peru
Koanophyllon kavanayense - Venezuela
Koanophyllon littorale - Cuba
Koanophyllon lobatifolia - Brazil
Koanophyllon longifolia - Nuevo León, Tamaulipas
Koanophyllon maestrense - Cuba
Koanophyllon mesoreopolum - Colombia
Koanophyllon microchaeteum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon mimicum - Guatemala
Koanophyllon minutifolium - Cuba
Koanophyllon miragoanae - Haiti
Koanophyllon montanum - Jamaica
Koanophyllon mornicola - Haiti
Koanophyllon muricatum - Cuba
Koanophyllon myrtilloides - Brazil
Koanophyllon nervosum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon nudiflorum - Cuba
Koanophyllon obtusissimum - Dominican Republic
Koanophyllon oligadenium - Cuba
Koanophyllon pachyneurum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon palmeri - Arizona New Mexico,[6] Mexico, Brazil
Koanophyllon panamense - Panamá
Koanophyllon paucicrenatum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon phanioides - Haiti
Koanophyllon picardae - Haiti
Koanophyllon pitonianum - Haiti
Koanophyllon pittieri from Tabasco to Panama
Koanophyllon polyodon - Puerto Rico
Koanophyllon polystictum - Cuba
Koanophyllon porphyrocladum - Haiti
Koanophyllon prinodes - Cuba
Koanophyllon pseudoperfoliatum - Veracruz
Koanophyllon puberulum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon quisqueyanum - Dominican Republic
Koanophyllon ravenii - Chiapas
Koanophyllon revealii - Oaxaca
Koanophyllon reversum - Haiti
Koanophyllon rhexioides - Cuba
Koanophyllon rubroviolaceum - Haiti
Koanophyllon rzedowskii - San Luis Potosí
Koanophyllon sagasteguii - Peru
Koanophyllon scabriusculum - Haiti
Koanophyllon sciatraphes - Venezuela, Hispaniola
Koanophyllon selleanum - Haiti
Koanophyllon semicrenatum - Hispaniola
Koanophyllon silvaticum - Cuba
Koanophyllon simile - Jamaica
Koanophyllon simillima - Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina
Koanophyllon sinaloense - Sinaloa
Koanophyllon solidaginifolium - Arizona New Mexico Texas,[6] northeastern Mexico
Koanophyllon solidaginoides - Galápagos, from Tabasco to Peru
Koanophyllon stipulifera - Bolivia, Argentina
Koanophyllon subpurpureum - Dominican Republic
Koanophyllon tapeinanthum - Haiti
Koanophyllon tatei - Venezuela
Koanophyllon tetranfolium - Jamaica
Koanophyllon tetranthum - Jamaica
Koanophyllon thysanolepis - S Brazil
Koanophyllon tinctorium - S Brazil
Koanophyllon tricephalotes - Minas Gerais
Koanophyllon tripartitum - Chiapas
Koanophyllon triradiatum - Haiti
Koanophyllon turquinense - Cuba
Koanophyllon villosum - Florida,[6] Greater Antilles
Koanophyllon wetmorei - Panamá, Costa Rica

References

Arruda da Cámara, Manuel. 1810. Discurso sobre a utilidade da Instituicao de jardins nas principais provincias do Brasil (Essay on the utility of establishing gardens in the¹principal provinces of Brazil for the cultivation of new plants) 495–496
The International Plant Names Index
"Koanophyllon Arruda". Flora of North America.
Reeves, R (1999). "Nickel Hyperaccumulation in the Serpentine Flora of Cuba" (free full text PDF). Annals of Botany. 83 (1): 29. doi:10.1006/anbo.1998.0786.
Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-06 at archive.today

Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map

photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Brazil in 1880, identified as Koanophyllon tinctorium

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