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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Lactucinae
Genera: Astartoseris – Cicerbita – Faberia – Lactuca – Melanoseris – Notoseris – Paraprenanthes – Prenanthes

Lactucinae Cass., Fl. Belg. (Dumortier) 59. (1827)

Type genus: Lactuca L., Sp. Pl. 2: 795. (1753)

Note: The circumscription here is based upon the Lactucinae Systematics found on the Cichorieae Systematics Portal (2018). However, it is still a work in progress and the taxonomy has not been completed.

Cassini, A.H.G. de 1827. Florula belgica, opera majoris prodromus, auctore 59.
Funk, V.A., Susanna, A., Steussy, T.F. & Bayer, R.J. Eds. 2009. Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. International Association for Plant Taxonomy, University of Vienna. ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1. Chapter 24 and Appendix 24.1. Subtribal classification of Cichorieae.
Kilian N., Hand R. & Raab-Straube E.v. (general editors) 2021. Lactucinae. Cichorieae Systematics Portal. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 11. Reference page.
Kilian, N., Sennikov, A.N., Wang, Z.H., Gemeinholzer, B. & Zhang, J.W. 2017. Sub-Paratethyan origin and Middle to Late Miocene principal diversification of the Lactucinae (Compositae: Cichorieae) inferred from molecular phylogenetics, divergence-dating and biogeographic analysis. Taxon 66(3): 675–703. DOI: 10.12705/663.9 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Wang, Z.H., Peng, H. & Kilian, N. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of the Lactuca alliance (Cichorieae subtribe Lactucinae, Asteraceae) with focus on their Chinese centre of diversity detects potential events of reticulation and chloroplast capture. PloS one 8(12): p.e82692. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082692 Reference page.

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