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Lamium album (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Lamieae
Genus: Lamium
Subgenus: L. subg. Lamium
Sectio: L. sect. Lamiotypus
Species: Lamium album
Subspecies: L. a. subsp. album – L. a. subsp. barbatum – L. a. subsp. crinitum

Lamium album L., Sp. Pl. 2: 579 (1753).

Lamium vulgatum Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 514 (1834), nom. superfl.
Lamium vulgatum var. album (L.) Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 514 (1834), nom. illeg.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Northern Europe
Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden.
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Regional: Southwestern Europe
France, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Regional: Eastern Europe
Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Siberia
Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya.
Regional: Russian Far East
Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
Regional: Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
Regional: Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey.
Regional: China
China South-Central (Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan), Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol), Manchuria (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning), China North-Central (Gansu, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi), China Southeast (Anhui, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu), Tibet, Xinjiang.
Regional: Mongolia
Regional: Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea.
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
Continental: Australasia (introduced)
Regional: New Zealand
New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
Continental: Northern America (introduced)
Regional: Subarctic America
Regional: Western Canada
Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
Regional: Eastern Canada
New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec.
Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Mississippi, Virginia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 579. Reference page.

Additional references

Mennema, J. 1989. A taxonomic revision of Lamium (Lamiaceae). Leiden Botanical Series 11: 1–196. PDF Reference page.
Mill, R.R. 1982. Lamium. Pp. 126–148 in Davis, P.H. (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 7 (Orobanchaceae to Rubiaceae). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 947 pp., ISBN 0-85224-396-0. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Lamium album in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Mar 25. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Lamium album. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Mar 25. Reference page. 2022. Lamium album. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 25 Mar 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Lamium album. Published online. Accessed: Mar 25 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Lamium album in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
العربية: لاميون أبيض
azərbaycanca: dalamaz gicitkan
башҡортса: Һуҡыр кесерткән
català: ortiga morta, ortiga blanca
kaszëbsczi: biôłô głëszka
čeština: hluchavka bílá
Cymraeg: marddanhadlen wen
dansk: døvnælde
Deutsch: Weiße Taubnessel
dolnoserbski: běła tupa kopśiwa
English: white dead-nettle, white nettle
español: ortiga blanca, ortiga muerta blanca
eesti: valge iminõges
فارسی: گزنه سفید
suomi: valkopeippi
français: lamier blanc, ortie blanche, orties a fleurs blanches
Gàidhlig: teanga mhìn
Avañe'ẽ: pyno
Gaelg: ard-firryn bane, ard-firrin bane
hornjoserbsce: běła cycawka
magyar: fehér árvacsalán
հայերեն: խուլ եղինջ
italiano: falsa ortica bianca
日本語: オドリコソウ, 踊子草
ქართული: ჭინჭრისდედა
қазақша: ақ тауқалақай
한국어: 광대수염
lietuvių: baltažiedė notrelė
latviešu: baltā panātre
эрзянь: а пидиця ашо пиципалакс
norsk bokmål: dauvnesle
Nederlands: witte dovenetel
ирон: қъуырма пысыра
polski: jasnota biała
português: urtiga-branca
română: urzică moartă albă, urzică moartă, urzica moartă albă
русский: яснотка белая, глухая крапива, крапива глухая, глухая крапива
slovenčina: hluchavka biela
Seeltersk: suugerke, bjüüte
svenska: vitplister
Türkçe: beyaz ballıbaba
українська: глуха кропива біла
Tiếng Việt: dã chi ma trắng
中文: 短柄野芝麻
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Lamium album on Wikimedia Commons.

Carolus Linnaeus taxa

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Lamium album, commonly called white nettle or white dead-nettle,[1] is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae. It is native throughout Europe and Asia, growing in a variety of habitats from open grassland to woodland, generally on moist, fertile soils.

Yellow-haired male Bombus lucorum feeding from Lamium album "dead-nettle" flowers

L. album is an herbaceous perennial plant growing to 50–100 cm (20–39 in) tall, with green, four-angled stems. The leaves are 3–8 cm (1.2–3.1 in) long and 2–5 cm (0.79–1.97 in) broad, triangular with a rounded base, softly hairy, and with a serrated margin and a petiole up to 5 cm (2.0 in) long; like many other members of the Lamiaceae, they appear superficially similar to those of the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) but do not sting, hence the common name "dead-nettle". The flowers are white, produced in whorls ('verticillasters') on the upper part of the stem, the individual flowers 1.5–2.5 cm (0.59–0.98 in) long. The flowers are visited by many types of insects, but mostly by long-tongued insects, like bees.[2]

L. album is native to Eurasia, from Ireland in the West to Japan in the East. It occurs as two subspecies, subsp. album in the western range and subsp. barbatum in the far east of mainland Asia and in Japan.[3] It is common in England, rare in the west, and in north Scotland and introduced in eastern Ireland.[4]

L. album was introduced to North America, where it is widely naturalized.
Cultivation and uses

The young leaves are edible, and can be used in salads or cooked as a vegetable.

Bees, especially bumble bees are attracted to the flowers which are a good source of early nectar and pollen, hence the plant is sometimes called the bee nettle.[5] [6]

In the British Isles L. album is found on roadsides, around hedges, and in waste-places.[7][8]

Two phenylpropanoid glycosides, lamalboside (2R-galactosylacteoside) and acteoside, the flavonol p-coumaroylglucoside, tiliroside, 5-caffeoylquinic acid (chlorogenic acid), along with rutoside and quercetin and kaempferol 3-O-glucosides can be isolated from the flowers of L. album.[9] The plant also contains the iridoid glycosides lamalbid, alboside A and B, and caryoptoside[10] as well as the hemiterpene glucoside hemialboside.[11]

L.album was a favorite source of chlorophyll and other plant pigments for Mikhail Tsvet, the inventor of adsorption chromatography.[12]
In folklore

A distillation of the flowers is reputed "to make the heart merry, to make a good colour in the face, and to make the vital spirits more fresh and lively."[13]

"Lamium album". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 January 2018.
Van Der Kooi, C. J.; Pen, I.; Staal, M.; Stavenga, D. G.; Elzenga, J. T. M. (2015). "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers". Plant Biology. 18 (1): 56–62. doi:10.1111/plb.12328. PMID 25754608.
Anderberg, A. "Den Virtuella Floran: Lamium album L." Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Warburg, E.F. Excursion Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-04656-4 - A Modern Herbal | Nettles
"White dead-nettle | the Wildlife Trusts".
Parnell, J. and Curtis, T. 2012. Webb's An Irish Flora. p.360 Cork University Press. ISBN 978-185918-4783
Hackney, P. (Ed) 1992. Stewart and Corry's Flora of the North-east of Ireland. Institute of Irish Studies and The Queen's University of Belfast. ISBN 0-85389-446-9
Phenylpropanoid esters from Lamium album flowers. Jaromir Budzianowski and Lutoslawa Skrzypczak, Phytochemistry, March 1995, Volume 38, Issue 4, Pages 997–1001, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(94)00727-B
Iridoid glucosides from Lamium album. Søren Damtoft, Phytochemistry, January 1992, Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 175–178, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(91)83030-O
Hemialboside, a hemiterpene glucoside from Lamium album. Søren Damtoft and Søren Rosendal Jensen, Phytochemistry, July 1995, Volume 39, Issue 4, Pages 923–924, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(95)00085-L
Source book in chemistry 1900-1950, edited by Henry Leicester, p.23.
Mrs M. Grieve (1931). "NETTLE, WHITE DEAD". A Modern Herbal.

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