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Lonicera sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens, Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth.

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Dipsacales

Familia: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamilia: Caprifolioideae
Genus: Lonicera
Subgenus: L. subg. Lonicera
Sectio: L. sect. Phenianthi
Species: Lonicera sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens L. (1753)

Caprifolium sempervirens (L.) Moench, Suppl. Meth. 194 (1802).
Lonicera flammea Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 138 (1796), nom. illegit.
Lonicera sempervirens f. flava (Regel) Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 214 (1889).
Lonicera sempervirens f. minor (Aiton) Rehder, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 169 (1903).
Lonicera sempervirens f. sulphurea (Jacq.) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees 626 (1949).
Lonicera sempervirens f. superba (Regel) Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 214 (1889).
Lonicera sempervirens f. xanthina Zabel, in Beissn. & al., Handb. Laubholzben. 451 (1903), nom. illegit.
Lonicera sempervirens var. caroliniana (Marshall) Castigl., Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 285 (1790).
Lonicera sempervirens var. major Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 230 (1789), nom. inadmiss.
Lonicera sempervirens var. ovata Veill., in Duhamel, Traite Arbr. Arbust. 1: 48 (1801), nom. inadmiss.
Lonicera sempervirens var. virginiana (Marshall) Castigl., Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 285 (1790).
Periclymenum sempervirens (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768).
Periclymenum sempervirens var. angustifolium Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 8: 346 (1839), nom. illeg.
Periclymenum sempervirens var. latifolium Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 8: 345 (1839), nom. inadmiss.
Phenianthus sempervirens (L.) Raf. ex Small, Man. S.E. Fl (1274) (1933).

Caprifolium oblongifolium Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2. 259 (1830).
Kantemon angustifolium Raf., New Fl. 3: 19 (1838) ("1836").
Lonicera angustifolia Raf., New Fl. 3: 19 (1838) ("1836"), non Wall. ex DC. (1830) nec Wenderoth (1831).
Lonicera caroliniana Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 80 (1785).
Lonicera sempervirens var. flava Regel, Gartenflora 2: 3, t. 38(a) (1853).
Lonicera sempervirens var. hirsutula Rehder, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 169 (1903).
Lonicera sempervirens var. oblonga Veill., in Duhamel, Traite Arbr. Arbust. 1, 48 (1801).
Lonicera sempervirens var. sulphurea Jacq., Hort. Universel 2: 18 (1841).
Lonicera sempervirens var. superba Regel, Gartenflora 2: 3 (1853).
Lonicera sempervirens var. minor Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 231 (1789).
Lonicera speciosa Wenderoth, Index. Sem. Hort. Acad. Marburg. 1827: 6 (1827).
Lonicera virginiana Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 80 (1785).


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 173. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Lonicera sempervirens in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.
Wunderlin, R.P. & Hansen, B.F. 2008. Lonicera sempervirens in Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Mar 21.

Vernacular names
English: Trumpet Honeysuckle
norsk nynorsk: Prydleddved
norsk: Prydleddved

Lonicera sempervirens (commonly known as coral honeysuckle, trumpet honeysuckle, or scarlet honeysuckle) is a species of honeysuckle vine native to the eastern United States which is known for its reddish flowers.[1][2]


Lonicera sempervirens is best recognized by trumpet-shaped and coral to reddish flowers. The leaves and stems are waxy, a common trait in the Honeysuckle genus.[3] It is a twining vine growing to 20 ft or more through shrubs and young trees. The leaves are produced in opposite pairs, oval, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm broad; the leaves immediately below the flowers are perfoliate, joined at the base in a complete ring round the shoot. When born, their flowers are whorled on the end.[4] They are present with red berries on them that are less than 1 cm width and length.[5] The berries are inedible and grow from summer to fall.[5] Their leaves are somewhat evergreen.[6] The species is also flammable, which leads to it not being recommended for being planted close to residences.[5] The flowers are produced on new growth in clusters of several groups of three together, tubular, 5 cm long, with five small lobes opening at the tip to expose the stamens and stigma. The bark is green and fuzzy when younger but becomes a light brown as it ages.[5] The older stems get more of a red-orange color.[4] Several cultivars have been selected for variation in flower color, including 'Magnifica' (flowers red outside, yellow inside), 'Sulphurea' (yellow flowers), and 'Superba' (bright scarlet flowers).[7]

Lonicera sempervirens is most common in eastern North America, but has occurred as far west as Texas.[1] It is found prominently in the southeastern US.[1] It is listed as endangered in Maine, the only state in which it has any legal status.[1] Although introduced in parts of New England, populations of L. sempervirens have been found that seem to be growing natively in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.[8] It is also considered extremely rare in Rhode Island.[8] Lonicera sempervirens is most common in coastal habitats.[5]

Lonicera sempervirens was first described by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in his treatise Species Plantarum in 1753. Varieties of L. sempervirens are Lonicera sempervirens L. var. hirsutula Rehder, Lonicera sempervirens L. var. minor Aiton, and Lonicera sempervirens L. var. sempervirens. Phenianthus sempervirens (L.) Raf is a synonym.[1] Hybrids of the species include Lonicera × tellmanniana and Lonicera × heckrottii.[9][10]

Lonicera sempervirens is often used as an alternative to the invasive Lonicera japonica across the east coast of North America.[1] It is popular to grow in gardens or recreational areas as it is considered low maintenance.[5] It is also used to attract hummingbirds and butterflies for pollinator gardens.[5][11] It is also popular to plant for a flowering effect because of its attractive red color.[11] The species is mainly used ornamentally on fences or lattices. The species can be propagated by either stem cutting or by seed.[5] It has been used to treat asthma and bee stings in Native American traditions.[11][12]

Lonicera sempervirens can grow in many areas due to its cold hardiness.[13] Lonicera sempervirens prefers sunny and moist areas but is also drought resistant.[14] Coral honeysuckle can live in soils such as clay or loam, and only needs about 3 to 6 feet of space to grow.[5] It prefers acidic soil with a pH of 6 and prefers soil with good drainage.[5] It can grow in full sun or in fully shaded areas.[11] It can tolerate living near deer and walnuts as it is not a preferred browse.[12]
Wildlife Uses

Lonicera sempervirens is used by many animals for food, most commonly used for nectar by butterflies and hummingbirds. It attracts bees, hummingbirds, moths, and even songbirds.[5] Birds such as quail, purple finch, and American robin eat the red berries.[12] Ruby-throated hummingbirds and insects pollinate the bright red to pinkish-red flowers from mid-spring to fall.[15][16] It hosts the caterpillars of spring azures and snowberry clearwing moths.[17] Lonicera sempervirens is used moderately for animal cover and has a relatively low nutritional value.[1]


USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Lonicera sempervirens". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team.
"Lonicera sempervirens". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
Makar, A. B.; McMartin, K. E.; Palese, M.; Tephly, T. R. (June 1975). "Formate assay in body fluids: application in methanol poisoning". Biochemical Medicine. 13 (2): 117–126. doi:10.1016/0006-2944(75)90147-7. ISSN 0006-2944. PMID 1.
"Featured Native Plant: Trumpet Honeysuckle | Urban Forest Initiative". Retrieved 2020-11-03.
"Lonicera sempervirens". Retrieved 2017-06-30.
Radford, Albert E. (1968). Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Ahles, Harry E., Bell, C. Ritchie. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-1087-8. OCLC 355003.
"Chittenden, Frederick James, (25 Oct. 1873–31 July 1950), Editor, Royal Horticultural Society's Dictionary of Gardening; Secretary, Scientific Committee of RHS, since 1904", Who Was Who, Oxford University Press, 2007-12-01, doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u223753, retrieved 2020-12-01
"Lonicera sempervirens (trumpet honeysuckle): Go Botany". Retrieved 2020-11-03.
"Lonicera sempervirens | International Plant Names Index". Retrieved 2020-11-03.
"Lonicera sempervirens L. — The Plant List". Retrieved 2020-11-03.
"Plant Database". Retrieved 2020-11-02.
"Wildflower of the Year 2014 Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens)". Virginia Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
Gilman, Edward F. (2015-08-14). "Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet Honeysuckle". Retrieved 2017-06-30.
"trumpet honeysuckle: Lonicera sempervirens (Dipsacales: Caprifoliaceae): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States". Retrieved 2020-10-26.
Tenaglia, Dan. "Lonicera sempervirens page". Missouri Plants. Missouri Botanical Garden.
Operation Rubythroat "Top Ten" Native Hummingbird Plants: Lonicera sempervirens
"Lonicera Sempervirens". Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. Retrieved 26 April 2020.

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