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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Marcgraviaceae
Subfamiliae: Marcgravioideae – Noranteoideae

Genera: MarcgraviaMarcgraviastrumNoranteaPseudosarcoperaRuyschiaSarcoperaSchwartziaSouroubea


Marcgraviaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Přir. Rostlin: 218. 1820, nom. cons. (as Marcgraviae)

Type genus: Marcgravia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 503. 1753.


Marcgraviaceae Juss. ex DC., Essai Propr. Méd. Pl. (ed. 2): 87. 1816, nom. rej. (as Marggraviaceae)


Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2007. Un nuevo género de la familia neotropical Marcgraviaceae (Ericales) y circunscripción del complejo Norantea. Caldasia 29: 203–217. Online JSTOR Reference page.
Lens, F., Dressler, S., Vinckier, S., Janssens, S., Dessein, S., Van Evelghem, L. & Smets, E. 2005. Palynological variation in balsaminoid Ericales. I. Marcgraviaceae. Annals of Botany 96: 1047–1060. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mci256 JSTOR Reference page.
Ward, N.M. & Price, R.A. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Marcgraviaceae: Insights from three chloroplast genes. Systematic Botany 27(1): 149–160. BioOne JSTOR Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2019 May 05
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Marcgraviaceae. Published online. Accessed: 05 May 2019.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Marcgraviaceae.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Marcgraviaceae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2019-05-05.
Hassler, M. 2019. Marcgraviaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 05. Reference page. 2019. Marcgraviaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 05 May 2019.

Vernacular names
中文: 蜜囊花科

The Marcgraviaceae are a neotropical angiosperm family in the order Ericales. The members of the family are shrubs, woody epiphytes, and lianas, with alternate, pinnately nerved leaves. The flowers are arranged in racemes. The flowers are accompanied by modified, fleshy, saccate bracts which produce nectar. The flowers are pentamerous. The fruits are capsules.



Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.

"The Plant List".

External links

Marcgraviaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval.

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